페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

and had accurately calculated the time. One While he was meditating on these sordid matmonth to go; one month to come back; three ters, he was suddenly recalled to himself by months to sell his goods; a whole month to a surprising accident. A huge mantle was spare. But the accidents of the road-sickness, thrown over his head; and before he had time robbers, unforeseen delays? He relied upon the to struggle, he was cast on the ground, and mercy of God; and with many asseverations said rolled up, like a bale of his own goods, in comthat at the appointed time he would present him- plete darkness. At first, he thought that instant self at the kiosque of the merchant Kodadad, on death was to be his fate; and he murmured, the banks of the river, and lay before him a hun. “May Heaven pay my debt to the merchant Kodred golden dinars. The money was lent without dadad!” Soon, however, it appeared that he was interest, and payment was a sacred obligation only a prisoner; and he felt himself raised and

The caravan set out, flags flying, and drums carried along, while smothered laughter came to beating, from the rendezvous on the opposite side his ears. If this were a joke, it was a practical of the river, and soon entered the gorges of the one. He tried to speak; but no answer was ro mountains. After proceeding a little way, a halt turned, except renewed laughter. Presently, was agreed upon; for many of the merchants had those who carried him set him down; the bonds staid behind, saying their last adieus to their that confined him were loosened, the mantle was families, or making additions to their merchand- whisked away, and, to his surprise, he found himise. Haj Hamed, who possessed several camel- self in a beautiful garden, surrounded by a bevy loads, and had been among the first to be ready of maidens, who clapped their hands, and enjoyed at the place of meeting, repined greatly at this his amazed appearance. delay.

Haj Hamed was too thoroughly an Oriental He had earned his title of Haj, or Pilgrim, not to understand his position, after a few mowhen a boy, by going in company with his father ments' thought. He had evidently been watched to the shrine of the Prophet; but this was the during his progress through the forest by the first journey he had undertaken since. His im- inmates of some harem, unencumbered by male patience, therefore, may be excused. He had attendants, who in a spirit of fun had made him started with the idea of making a fortune; and prisoner. The incident is not an uncommon one, was impatient to be doing. Besides, there was if we may believe narrators; but it generally his promise to Kodadad. If he forfeited that, his leads to disagreeable results. Our merchant felt credit was gone forever. Accordingly, he spent uncomfortable. These merry girls were quite the first part of the day that followed the halt, capable, he thought, after having made a butt of sitting by the roadside, counting the stragglers him, of throwing him down a well or into a pond. that came in, and jeering them for their tardiness. He looked around for the chief among them rather “ This young man," said some, “believes that anxiously, and soon recognized her in a very time was made only for him. What matters a young maiden, who, after having laughed with day more or less? At the end of life we shall the rest, had flung herself carelessly on a pile have to regret our impatience. There are evils of cushions under a tree, and was gazing at him by every wayside. Why should we be eager to with interest. come up with them?”

“Lady,” said he, assuming a humble attitude, These philosophical remarks found no favor “this is not wise nor well. I am a merchant with Haj Hamed, who, instead of imitating his traveling with my goods that require care and companions, and reclining lazily, under the shadow watchfulness, and beg to be released.” of trees on the green grass, listening to the songs She seemed annoyed that her beauty, which of the birds and the gurgling of the stream, began was great, did not amaze him; and replied : at length to roam uneasily about. He saw that “Fear nothing. There is no danger. This is another sun would set, and perhaps another, and my father's kiosque. He has given it to me; behold them still in the lap of the same valley. and I live here with my maidens unmolested. He climbed the mountains, endeavoring to distract There is a guard of slaves at the gate ; but thoy his thoughts, and whenever he obtained a glimpse only appear at a signal of danger—when I sound of the encampment below, he gazed at it, en- | this shell." deavoring to discern signs of a forward move- She raised a conch to her lips, and a shrih ment. But the tents remained unstruck; the sound filled the air. The slave-girls, scarcely people reclined in groups; the camels and horses understanding her motive, again cast the mantlewere dispersed here and there; and the lazy tink-over Hamed, and bade him be silent and motionling of their bells showed that they, at any rate, | less. Several men came hurriedly; but were were enjoying themselves. The young merchant dismissed with jeers and mockeries. In a few at length turned away and plunged into the deep moments the merchant, more dead than alive, recesses of the forest. Nature had no charms was uncovered again, and told to be of good. for himn. As he went, he counted in his memory cheer, for he had permission to depart. the number of pieces of cloth his bales contained, By this time, however, beauty had begun to compared the cost-price with the probable mark- exert its influence; and Haj Hamed, instead of et-price, and reveled in the anticipation of gi-rising, remained gazing in admiration at the lady gantic profits to be realized in the paradise of his of the place. She met his glance, at first, with imagination-some dusty bazaar in the far-off a disdainful expression ; but according to the city of Damascus.

Oriental idea, two such souls have secret sym-. Vol. IX.-No. 53.-XX

pathies, from the influence of which neither can turn. So he sat down beneath a huge sycamore escape. No sooner did their eyes meet in a full to wait patiently until the morning. gaze, than both felt faint at heart. The lady When light came, he remembered his promise turned very pale, and leaned her head upon the to Kodadad. He was to pay the hundred dinars cushion; the maidens, raising the trembling Ha- at noon. He determined to hasten to Tarsus on med, led him to her side. They talked for hours : foot over the mountains, for he knew the general not of themselves, but of love; and expatiated direction in which it lay. Many hours of travel eloquently on the happiness of meeting, while were before him; but he was light of foot, and the attendants played on their lutes, or sang at length beheld in the distance the minarets of songs illustrative of their situation. The shad- the city, and the winding course of the river. ows of night were coming on, when a peculiar Suddenly the landscape darkened. Clouds seemsound at the outer gate announced that the fathered to come out of every valley, and to inundate of the maiden, whose name was Leilah, had come the plain. The rain fell; the wind blew. He to visit her. So Haj Hamed was thrust uncere- hastened onward, clutching the leather purse in moniously forth; and was awakened from his which he carried his wealth, and invoking the asdream of happiness amidst the deepening gloom sistance of the Prophet. When he reached the of the forest. He returned bowed down and banks of the river, he heard, through the mist, a heavy-hearted to the encampment.'

muezzin proclaiming the hour of noon from the Many thoughts kept him awake for many hours; distant mosque. The waters were turbulent. No it was not until the sky that stretched between ferry boat was in sight. It was impossible to the mountain tops overhead had begun to whiten, cross. Haj Hamed prayed; and an idea came to that at length, overcome by fatigue, he fell asleep. his mind. He plucked a large reed, and hollowod Pleasant visions spake beneath his eyelids. When it, and placed therein a hundred pieces of gold, he awoke, the tents were struck, the camels were and tied other reeds to it, and floated this raft upon laden, and the people were filing off. “Why this the stream, and confided in the mercy of God. hurry?" he cried. “Was not this a pleasant Now it happened that Kodadad, remembering place to tarry in? Time is eternal. There is no Haj Hamed's promise, had gone to his kiosque need to hasten from the present, which is joyful, that day to wait for his money. The wind blew; to the future which is full of danger." Several the rain fell. The debtor did not appear. “We merchants thought he was jeering them for their must allow him an hour's grace, for the storm philosophy of the previous day, and hastened to is violent," said Kodadad. The muezzin chanted complete their arrangements, and follow the car. the hour of noon. The merchant called to his avan. Hamed's camels had been laden by his slave to bring another pipe. Presently, a bundle servants, and were ready to proceed. He hesi- of reeds came floating along the misty waters; a tated a moment; but remembering his debt to black boy stooping forward seized them as they Kodadad, cried, “March !” and went away with passed. He was about to cast them away again, his heart full of new recollections.

when the unusual weight prevented him. “MasThe journey was prosperous, but tedious. When ter,” said he, “this is a reed of lead.” The merthe caravan reached Damascus, the market was chant, who wished to pass the time, told him to found to be encumbered with merchandise, and break the reeds. He did so, and lo! a hundred sales were with difficulty effected. Month after glittering pieces of gold fell suddenly upon the month passed away; most of Hamed's bales still pavement of the kiosque! remained on his hands. The fifth month from This story, which is told in many different the time of his departure had arrived, and he was ways, illustrates the Oriental idea of mercantile beginning to despair of being able to perform his probity. Turkish merchants, in their dealings engagements. At length, however, a merchant among themselves, are famous for keeping their about to proceed to Bagdad, made him an ad- engagements with scrupulous exactitude; and the vantageous offer for the whole of his stock, and example of Haj Hamed is often cited as a model. he was enabled to depart, after having realized a Of course it is understood that the debt--all in good profit. Several accidents and delays oc- good golden dinars came to its destination in curred on the journey; but the caravans reached some miraculous way: the Prophet being always the valley, one march from Tarsus, on the eve deeply interested in the good deeds of his servof the day when Hamed had promised payment ants. The young merchant was not without his to Kodadad. Most of the merchants immediately reward. His credit was, in future, unlimited. rode forward to glad their families and friends ; | But not only so; Kodabad insisted on giving him but our young merchant, feeling his love for his daughter in marriage. And it will surprise Leilah revive with intensity, determined to spend none but very matter-of-fact people-to whom that day in endeavoring to obtain an interview we do not address this legend—that this daughwith her. He wandered into the mountains, en- ter turned out to be the same very imprudent deavoring to follow the same track as before ; | Leilah, whose fascination had nearly caused Haj bui although he several times imagined he re-Hamed to dishonor his verbal promissory note. cognized the trees and the rocks, his search was We learn, moreover, that she settled down into unsuccessful. All was wild and seemingly una most prudent and exemplary wife-which reinhabited. He called aloud “Leilah !" but the lieves our mind-for, except under extremely echoes only answered, “la! la !”-no, no; and Oriental circumstances, we should not recomwhen night came, he knew not which way to mend her conduct for imitation.

THE UNITED STATES.

cester on the 7th, at which Senator Sumner made He summer season, as usual, has suspended a speech strongly urging the duty of resisting the I activity in almost every department of public encroachments of slavery, and of securing the relife; and our Record of Events must lack incidents peal of the Fugitive Slave Law. Henry Wilson was accordingly. Neither Congress nor the State Legis. nominated for Governor.— The diplomatic correlatures have been in session, and political move- spondence in regard to the rights of neutrals, be. ments have been mainly confined to party conven-tween the United States and the European bel. tions held in preparation for the approaching Fall ligerents, has recently been published. Under date elections. In one or two of the States those elec. of April 28, Mr. Marcy, in a letter to the British tions have been already held. In Vermont it re, Ministry, acknowledges the receipt of the Queen's sulted in the election of Judge Royce, Whig, for declaration, that, during the present war, the prinGovernor, by a majority of over 10,000, three Whig ciple will be recognized that free ships make free Members of Congress, and a Legislature strongly goods; and adds the expression of the wish, on the opposed to the National Administration. The result part of our Government, that the principle might be was sensibly affected by a union of the Whigs and unconditionally sanctioned by France and Great the Free Soil party, on the basis of hostility to the Britain-as such a step would cause it to be recog. repeal of the Missouri Compromise.-In North Car- nized throughout the civilized world as a general olina the Democratic candidate for Governor, Mr. principle of international law. Our Government, Bragg, was elected by a majority of 2085.-In from its very commencement, has labored for its Maine the election has resulted in the triumph of recognition as a neutral right, and has incorporated the coalition of Whig and Free Soil parties, by ait in several of its treaties with foreign powers. very large majority; but official returns have not Mr. Marcy states that the United States, during the been received.

present war, while claiming the full enjoyment of A Convention of delegates representing those of their rights as a neutral power, will observe the all parties opposed to the repeal of the Missouri strictest neutrality toward each of the belligerents. Compromise, met at Saratoga on the 16th of Au The laws already forbid the equipping of privateers, gust. Hon. N. T. M'Coun was chosen President. or the enlistment of troops within our territories A series of resolutions was adopted, declaring the against powers with whom we are at peace; and purpose of the Convention to resist the admis- those laws will be strictly enforced. Under date sion into the Union of any new Slave States, of February 24 and March 17, Mr. Buchanan, Amerand to secure the prohibition of slavery within ican Minister in England, reports to Mr. Marcy vaall Territories over which the Federal Govern rious conversations in which Lord Clarendon had ment has jurisdiction. No State ticket was nom discussed the subject of neutral rights; and on the inated, but the Convention adjourned to meet 24th of March he reports a similar conversation on again at Auburn on the 26th of September, after the subject of privateering, indirectly urging a treaty the several political parties shall have made their for its abolition. Mr. Buchanan urged that, in case nominations. The Democratic State Conven- of a war between the United States and Great tion, representing that section of the party friend. Britain, the naval superiority of the latter would ly to the National Administration, was held at Sy give her an advantage which could only be offset racuse on the 6th of September. Resolutions were by the employment of American merchant vessels adopted declaring the adhesion of the party to the as privateers; and that the United States could not, Baltimore platform of 1852, approving of the Na- therefore, safely consent to the suppression of the tional and State Administrations, and opposing any system, unless the naval powers would go one step agitation in regard to the Missouri Compromise, al. further, and consent to the abolition of all war upon though its repeal is considered inexpedient and un- private property on the ocean. On the 13th of April, necessary. Resolutions were offered and warmly | Mr. Marcy replies to Mr. Buchanan, informing him pressed, unqualifiedly disapproving of that repeal; that our Government is not prepared to listen to but they were rejected by a decisive vote. Governor any proposition for the total suppression of privaSeymour was nominated for re-election, although he teering; and that it would not enter into any conhad sent a letter to the Convention peremptorily de- vention whereby it would preclude itself from reclining to be a candidate. W.H. Ludlow was nom- sorting to the merchant marine of the eountry, in inated for Lieutenant-Governor.- Hon. Greene case it should become a belligerent party. The inC. Bronson has accepted the nomination of the Anti-terdiction to neutrals of the coasting and colonial Administration section of the Democratic party in trade with the belligerents, if not enjoyed by them New York for Governor. In his letter of accept. previous to the war, would be likely to be controance he declares his conviction that, unless we wish verted by the United States if applied to our comto dissolve the Union, we must deliver up fugitives merce. The law of blockade is deemed unneces. from service, and expresses himself in favor of al. sarily rigorous toward neutrals, and the right of lowing the people of every State and Territory to search, if exercised against us harshly in the apregulate their domestic institutions for themselves. proaching war, would excite deep and wide-spread He declines to give pledges, or to answer inquiries | indignation.—Mr. Mason, our Minister in France, concerning various topics not strictly of a political under date of March 22, advised Mr. Marcy of the character, referring to his past life as a guarantee steps he had taken to secure from the French Gov. for his official conduct. A State Convention of ernment a recognition of the rights and interests the Whigs of Massachusetts was held at Boston on of the United States; and on the 9th of May, Mr. the 16th of August. Strong resolutions were passed Marcy directs Mr. Seymour, our Minister at St. in opposition to the repeal of the Missouri Compro. Petersburg, to ascertain the views of the Russian mise and on the general subject of slavery. Govern-Government in regard to neutral rights-feeling conor Washburn was nominated for re-election. A fident that Russia would adhere to the position she Convention of Free Democrats was held at Wor. has held heretofore, that free ships make free goods. From California we have intelligence to the 16th repulsed with a loss of forty killed and over a hunof August. Mining reports continued favorable, dred prisoners. It was rumored that the Count was though in some localities operations had been sus among those captured, and that he had been shot, pended by a scarcity of water. A Whig State Con- but the report lacks confirmation. In the South it vention was held at Sacramento on the 25th of July. I is said that further engagements have taken place Resolutions were adopted affirming, among other between the rebels and the government forces, in things, the right of the people of the Territories of which the latter were successful.-- On the Rio the United States to legislate for themselves, and, Grande frontier a fresh rebellion has broken out, and whenever their population shall entitle them to ad- a pitched battle between the opposing forces was mission into the Union, to frame such a State Con- fought on the 13th of August, not far from Matamostitution as they may prefer. The Democratic State ras. The insurgents, numbering 250, under General Convention was held on the 18th. A division speed. Capistran, were successful against 180 government ily took place in the Convention which produced a troops, under General Cruz. A proclamation has rupture, and led to the organization of two. The been issued, declaring that a Republican government differences were mainly personal. In Trinity has always been desired by the Mexican people, and County a very violent feud has broken out among that the object of this revolution is to secure for the the Chinese who are settled there, growing out of people such form as they may prefer. Committees are differences which they brought with them from the to be elected in all the towns favorable to the moveCelestial kingdom. The opposing parties, one num- ment, to have charge of the funds provided for it, so bering 140, and the other 400, recently had a severe appoint officers, &c. After the capital shall have fight, in which the former were victorious-two of joined in the movement, a National Assembly is to their number and eight of their opponents being be summoned, composed of one delegate for every killed, and many more wounded.—Lieutenant Beck- 25,000, to lay the basis of a new government; and with, of the Overland Surveying Party, had arrived three months after the meeting of the Assembly a in Sacramento with his party, consisting of about President shall be chosen. As yet the movement sixty persons, from his exploring tour from Salt does not seem formidable. Lake City. He reports having found a very feasi-1

GREAT BRITAIN. ble route for a railroad from Salt Lake to California, An interesting debate was had in the House of through a country abounding in water and grass for Commons, on the 4th of August, upon a bill to entheir cattle, and offering very few obstacles to the able the Legislature of Canada to alter the consticonstruction of a road.

tution of one of its branches. The bill was opposed From Oregon our dates are to the 5th of August. | by Sir John Pakington, on the ground of its exGovernor Davis has resigned his office, in conse- tremely democratic character; it was advocated by quence of protracted sickness in his family in Indi- ministerial members and others on the ground that ana. There was a great scarcity of laborers in Or- no measure less democratic would be suited to the egon, and wages of mechanics had risen very con- tendencies of the age or the progress of the Canadian siderably. The wheat harvest was in progress, and people. The second reading was carried without a promised abundant returns. Two or three vessels division.—A question of a good deal of interest and were loading in Oregon for Hong Kong, intending importance, touching the right of foreign authors to to establish direct communication between Oregon hold a copyright of their books in Great Britain, bas and China. Several parties of overland emigrants recently been decided in the House of Lords. The had arrived, and reported the season to be very fa- case grew out of an alleged violation of the copyvorable for crossing. The gold mines in the vicinity right of an Italian publisher in a piece of music of Port Orford were yielding rich returns.

which he had published in England. The Lord From the Sandwich Islands we have advices to Chancellor, in his opinion, held that the object of the the 22d of July. A squadron of three English and statute which granted to an author the sole liberty four French vessels of war arrived there on the 17th, of printing and publishing his works for a limited but its destination was not known. In reply to in- time was national that the privilege it conferred quiries from the British and French Consuls, Ms. on authors was intended for the benefit of the counWyllie, the Minister of Foreign Relations, had com. try, and that it was applicable to all persons residmunicated a resolution adopted by the King and ing within the Queen's dominions and owing alPrivy Council, which declares that the privilege of legiance to her. The decision of the Chancellor, asylum in the ports of that kingdom is not to be ex- in which the House concurred, was, that none but tended to vessels armed, on private account, or to subjects or residents of Great Britain could avail the prizes made by them, whatever may be the flag themselves of the privileges of the copyright law ; under which such vessels may sail: so that all pri- and that foreigners could not acquire any claim to vateers, and prizes made by them, are prohibited those privileges by the mere act of first publishing from entering the ports of that kingdom, unless in their works in Great Britain. The decision will such circumstances of distress that their exclusion affect injuriously the rights of American authors who would involve a sacrifice of life, and then only under have first issued their works in England, and obspecial permission from the King, after proof to His tained copyright for them on that ground.-Mr. Majesty's satisfaction, of such circumstances of dis. Hume, in the House of Commons, has again called tress. - The Fourth of July was celebrated at Ho. attention to the necessity of taking still more enernolulu with great éclat. Rumors were circulated that getic measures to suppress the Slave trade in Cuba. the Government had finally decided on opening de- All the steps hitherto taken had been frustrated by gotiations with the United States for the annexa- the venality and treachery of the Cuban officials. tion of the islands to the Union ; but nothing defin. Not less than ten thousand slaves, he said, had been ite or reliable was known on the subject.' landed in Cuba through their connivance within the

From Mexico we have additional reports of rev- last six months. The recent revolution in Spain, olutionary movements in various quarters. In So he thought, had created a favorable opportunity nora, Count Raousset Boulbon had effected a land for taking more efficient action on the subject. ing, induced the foreign garrison of Guyamas to Lord John Russell said it was certainly to be derevolt, and attacked the government troops; but was plored that after Britain, France, the United States, and Brazil had rigidly put down the Slave- complete freedom and security in every sea, while trade, it should still be carried on under the protec- that of Russia was extinguished. These results tion of the Spanish authorities in Cuba. With might not appear very heroic, but they had brought reference to the measures of suppression recently the war home in its utmost severity to Russia. taken, the intelligence was of a more satisfactory She had been compelled to increase her armaments, nature. In February, 1854, prohibitive orders of a already so excessive, and the charge weighed most stringent nature were issued, and Mr. Crawford, heavily on her resources. All these operations had the British representative, expressed himself satis only tended to increase the mutual respect, and to fied of the sincerity of those orders. Further in- strengthen the alliance of the two great nations, on structions to the same effect were issued in March, whose jealousy the Emperor of Russia had counted. and under them 600 negroes were released. Other He thought these no insignificant ends to have ar. regulations imposed the penalty of dismissal of any rived at in five months ; he could not state the conof the authorities who should fail to report the ar- ditions on which he would conclude a peace, but rival of fresh slaves, and under this regulation none would be just, honorable, or lasting, which did several district officers had been dismissed. In not make the Ottoman Empire a part of the general May, also, 600 more negroes were released. It was system of European policy. To gain this great requite obvious that if such measures were rigorously sult they would endeavor to obtain the co-operation carried into effect the importation of slaves into of other governments, but would rely on the reCuba must soon cease. It was true that the venal. sources of France and England alone. ity of officers had to a very large extent frustrated Mazzini has issued a new and stirring appeal to the efforts made to suppress the trade, but as the the masses of Europe to hold themselves ready for Queen-Mother of Spain, who had been the chief instant insurrection whenever the vicissitudes of promoter of the trade, was now removed, and a new the pending war shall offer a favorable opportunity. Government had been instituted, he doubted not it He reviews the whole subject of European politics would give energetic aid to suppress the traffic: at to show that the Italians especially ought at once all events the British Government would keep a to throw off the yoke of Austria, and that there is watchful eye on the matter, and do all in its power no need to await the organization of great conspirto secure the complete suppression of the traffic. acies, but that the insurrection ought instantly to - In the House of Lords the Marquis of Clan- commence in every village. The day for great ricarde elicited an explanation from the Earl of conspiracies, he says, is past. The friends of free. Clarendon, by some sharp strictures on the conduct dom must no longer trust the cause to the issue of of the war. He said that the blockade had not a single battle. Nor need they wait the signal of been so effectual as might have been expected political leaders. Wherever five of them can meet from the great force at the disposal of the Govern- | together, they should form a nucleus, collect arms. ment, and complained especially that they had no and stand ready to aid any movement that may be adequate force of gun-boats of small draught in made. The document is very able, elaborate, and the Baltic, or any vessels carrying mortars from eloquent. Garibaldi, in a brief note, has disavowed which a bombardment, in the proper sense of the all share in these sentiments, and expressed the term, could be carried on. He condemned the opinion that a revolutionary movement under prepolicy which had induced England to permit an sent circumstances would be hopeless.--Kossuth, Austrian occupation of the Principalities, as a high on the 20th, made a long and able address to the price paid for a co-operation which was not even yet people of Staffordshire, seeking mainly to prove forthcoming, and which was always to be distrust that the substantial interests of the English people ed, as prompted by the purest selfishness. He, would be injuriously affected by an alliance with however, highly approved the expedition to the Austria. He said that the Allies had deterred the Crimea, as one really worthy of the two great na- | Turkish army from following up its successes by tions by which it was undertaken, and hoped that, pursuing the Russians across the Danube, and that before Parliament next met, they would have cheer the prearranged occupation of the Principalities by ing news of its success. Lord Clarendon, in reply, Austria, would be a severe blow to the integrity of explained and vindicated the perfect loyalty with Turkey and to the general welfare of Europe. He which Austria had acted to Turkey in the long ridiculed the project of the Allies to restrict the series of negotiations which had ended in the treaty power of the Czar by obtaining from him pledges, by which she had engaged to enter the Principali and said this could only be done by reconstituting ties. Her threatening attitude had done much to the Polish nation. produce the retreat of the Russian army, but he de

SPAIN nied that France and England had ever allowed. The revolutionary movement in Spain seems to their policy to become dependent on that of Aus- have subsided. Espartero is at the head of the new tria. That power had great financial and political Government; and the Ministry, in an exposition to difficulties to encounter, but she had given the most the Queen, state that it has been decided to conconvincing proofs, even within the last few hours, voke the Constituent Cortes, which it is hoped will that she would not be content with the results prove a new bond between the throne and the peowhich had already been obtained. He insisted ple—between liberty and the dynasty, interests also that there was no reason to be dissatisfied with concerning which no debate can be allowed. In the conduct of the campaign. The Russians had discussing the composition of the Cortes, the Min. been foiled in every attack by the Turkish troops isters admit the services hitherto rendered by the under Omar Pasha, encouraged by the presence of Senate, but fear that difficulties would arise from a the allied armies; their siege of Silistria had been conflict between two legislative bodies. They proignominiously raised: they had recrossed the Dan- pose, therefore, the convocation of the Deputies ube, and were now so entirely discomfited that no alone for the formation of a new constitution, further offensive operations were to be apprehended though they decline to express any opinion as to from them. In the Baltic the allied fleets had shut whether the permanent legislative power should be up those of Russia behind their granite fortifica- vested in one assembly or in two. In considering tions, and had insured for British trade the most the mode of electing deputies the Ministers have

« 이전계속 »