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Janius! She often found there, that the sins of the partisan he is. When lord Chatham can forgive the fathers had been visited on the children; and there- awkward situation in which, for the sake of the pas fore was cautious that herself, and her immediate lic, he was designedly placed by the thanks to him descendants, should leave no reproach on her pos- from the city; and when Wilkes's name ceases to be terity: and they left pone. How little could she necessary to lord Rockingham, to keep up a clamor foresee this reverse of Junius, who visits my political against the persons of the ministry, without oblig. sins upon my grandmother! I do not charge this to ing the different factions, now in opposition, to bind the score of malice in him; it proceeded entirely themselves beforehand to some certain points, and from his propensity to blunder; that whilst he was to stipulate some precise advantages to the public; reproaching me for introducing, in the most harmless then, and not till then, may those whom he now manner, the name of one female, he might himself, abuses expect the approbation of Junius. The approat the same instant, introduce two.
bation of the public, for our faithful attention to I am represented, alternately, as it suits Junius's their interest, by endeavors for those stipulations, purpose, under the opposite characters of a gloomy which have made us as obnoxious to the factions in monk, and a man of politeness and good-humor. I opposition as to those in administration, is not, peram called a "solitary monk,” in order to confirm the haps, to be expected till some years hence; when the notion given of me in Mr. Wilkes's anonymous para- public will look back, and see how shamefully they graphs, that I never laugh. And the terms of polite- have been deluded, and by what arts they were made ness and good-humor, on which I am said to have to lose the golden opportunity of preventing what lived heretofore with the young lady, are intended they will surely experience,-a change of minister to confirm other paragraphs of Mr. Wilkes, in which without a material change of measures, and without he is supposed to have offended me by refusing his any security for a tottering constitution. But what daughter. Ridiculous! Yet I cannot deny but that cares Junius for the security of the constitution? He Junius has proved me unmanly and ungenerous, as has now unfolded to us his diabolical principles. As a clearly as he has shown me corrupt and vindictive: public man he must ever condemn any measure and I will tell him more; I have paid the present which may tend accidentally to gratify the soverministry as many visits and compliments as ever I eign; and Mr. Wilkes is to be supported and aspaid to the young lady; and shall all my life treat sisted in all his attempts (no matter how ridiculous them with the same politeness and good-humor. and mischievous his projects) as long as he continues
But Junius "begs Lieu to believe, that he measures to be a thorn in the king's side! The cause of the the integrity of men by their conduct, not by their country, it seems, in the opinion of Junius, is mereprofessions." Sure this Junius must imagine his by to vex the king; and any rascal is to be supported readers are void of understanding as he is of mo- in any roguery, provided he can only thereby plant desty! Where shall we find the standard of his integ- a thorn in the king's side. This is the very extremity rity? By what are we to measure the conduct of of faction, and the last degree of political wickedthis lurking assassin ? And he says this to me, ness. Because lord Chatham has been ill-treated by whose conduct, wherever I could porsonally appear, the king, and treacherously betrayed by the duke of has been as direct, and open, and public, as my words, Grafton, the latter is to be "the pillow on which I have not, like him, concealed myself in my cham- Junius will rest his resentments; " and the public ber, to shoot my arrows out of the window; nor con- are to oppose the measures of government from mere tented myself to view the battle from afar; but pub- motives of personal enmity to the sovereign! These licly mixed in the engagement, and shared the dan- are the avowed principles of the man who, in the ger. To whom have I, like him, refused my name, same letter, says, “If ever he should be convinced upon complaint of injury? What printer have I that I had no motive but to destroy Wilkes, he shall desired to conceal me? In the infinite variety of then be ready to do justice to my character, and to business in which I have been concerned, where it is declare to the world, that he despises me somewhat not so easy to be faultless, which of my actions can less t’lan he does at present !" Had I ever acted he arraign? To what danger has any man been ex- from personal affection or enmity to Mr. Wilkes, I posed, which I have not faced ? Information, action, should justly be despised: but what does he deserve, imprisonment, or death? What labor bave I refused ? | whose avowed motive is personal enmity to the soFWhat expense have I declined? What pleasure have ereign ? The contempt which I should otherwise I not renounced? But Junius, to whom no conduct feel for the absurdity and glaring inconsistency of belongs, "measures the integrity of men by their con- Junius, is here swallowed up in my abhorrence of duct, not by their professions :' himself, all the while, his principles. "The right divine and sacredness of being nothing but professions, and those too anony-kings is to me a senseless jargon. It was thought a mous. The political ignorance, or wilful falsehood, daring expression of Oliver Cromwell, in the time of of this declaimer, is extreme. His own former let- Charles the First, that, if he found himself placed ters justify both my conduct and those whom his opposite to the king in battle, he would discharge last letter abuses: for the public measures which his piece into his bosom as soon as into any other Junius has been all along defending, were ours whom man's. I go farther: had I lived in those days, I he attacks; and the uniform opposer of those meas would not have waited for chance to give me an op ures has been Mr. Wilkes, whose bad actions and in-portunity of doing my duty; I would have sought tentions he endeavors to screen.
him through the ranks, and, without the least perLet Junius now, if he pleases, change his abuse, sonal enmity, have discharged my piece into his and quitting his loose hold of interest and revenge, bosom rather than into any other man's. The king, accuse me of vanity, and call this defense boasting. whose actions justify rebellion to his government, I own I have pride to see statues decreed, and the deserve death from the hand of every subject And highest honors conferred, for measures and actions should such a time arrive, I shall be as free to act as which all men have approved; whilst those who to say ; but, till then, my attachment to the person counselled and caused them are execrated and in- and family of the sovereign shall ever be found more sulted. The darkness in which Junius thinks him- zealous and sincere than that of his flatterers. I self shrouded, has not concealed him; nor the arti-would offend the sovereign with as much reluctance fice of only attacking under that signature those he would as the parent: but if the happiness and security of pull down, whilst he recommends by other ways those the whole family made it necesary, so far, and no he would have promoted, disguised from me whose farther, I would offend him without remorse.
But let us consider a little whither these princi- | principles: should his debts, though none of theia ples of Junius would lead us. Should Mr. Wilkes were contracted for the public, and all his other once more commission Mr. Thomas Walpole to pro- encumbrances, be discharged; should he be offered cure for him a pension of one thousand pounds, upon 6001. or 10001. a year to make him independent for the Irish establishment, for thirty years, he must be the future; and should he, after all, instead of gratisupported in the demand by the public, because it tude for these services, insolently forbid his benefacwould mortify the king!
tors to bestow their own money upon any other Should he wish to see lord Rockingham and his object but himself, and revile them for setting any friends once more in administration, unclogged by bounds to their supplies; Junius (who, any more any stipulations for the people, that he might again than lord Chatham, never contributed one farenjoy a pension of one thousand and forty pounds a thing to these enormous expenses) will tell them, year, viz., from the first lord of the treasury, 5001. that if they think of converting the supplies of Mr. from the lords of the treasury, 601. each: from the Wilkes's private extravagance to the support of publords of trade, 401, each, etc., the public must give up lic measures, they are as great fools as my grandtheir attention to points of national benefit, and mother; and that Mr. Wilkes ought to hold the assist Mr. Wilkes in his attempt, because it would strings of their purses, as long as he continues to be a mortify the king!
thorn in the king's side! Should he demand the government of Canada, or Upon these principles I never have acted, and I of Jamaica, or the embassy to Constantinople, and, never will act. In my opinion, it is less dishonorin case of refusal, threaten to write them down, as he able to be the creature of a court, than the tool of a had before served another administration, in a year faction. I will not be either. I understand the two and a half, he must be supported in his pretensions, great leaders of opposition to be lord Rockingham and upheld in his insolence, because it would morti: and lord Chatham ; under one of whose banners all fy the king!
the opposing members of both houses, who desire to Junius may choose to suppose that these things get places, enlist. I can place no confidence in either cannot happen! But, that they have happened, not of them, or in any others, unless they will now withstanding Mr. Wilkes's denial, I do aver. I main- engage, whilst they are out, to grant certain essential tain that Mr. Wilkes did commission Mr. Thomas advantages for the security of the public when they Walpole fo solicit for him a pension of one thousand shall be in administration. These points they refuse pounds, on the Irish establishment, for thirty years; to stipulate, because they are fearful lest they shu ild with which, and a pardon, he declared he would be prevent any future overtures from the court. To satisfied: and that, notwithstanding his letter to Mr. force them to these stipulations has been the uniform Onslow, he did accept a clandestine, precarious, and endeavor of Mr. Sawbridge, Mr. Townshend, Mr. eleemosynary pension from the Rockingham admin-Oliver, etc., and therefore they are abused by Junius. istration, which they paid in proportion to, and out I know no reason, but my zeal and industry in the of their salaries; and so entirely was it ministerial, same cause, that should entitle me to the honor of that, as any of them went out of the ministry, their being ranked by his abuse with persons of their for. names were scratched out of the list, and they con- tune and station. It is a duty I owe to the memory tributed no longer. I say, he did solicit the govern- of the late Mr. Beckford, to say, that he had no other ments, and the embassy, and threatened their refusal aim than this, when he provided that sumptuous nearly in these words: “It cost me a year and a half entertainment at the Mansion House, for the memto write down the last administration ; should I em-bers of both houses in opposition. At that time, he ploy as much time upon you, very few of you would drew up the heads of an engagement, which he gave be in at the death.” When these threats did not pre- to me, with a request that I would couch it in terms vail, he came over to England to embarrass them by so cautious and precise, as to leave no roon for future his presence: and when he found that lord Rocking- quibble and evasion; but to oblige them either to ham was something firmer and more manly than he fulfil the intent of the obligation, or to sign their expected, and refused to be bullied into what he own infamy, and leave it on record; and this engagecould not perform, Mr. Wilkes declared, that he ment he was determined to propose to them at the could not leave England without money, and the Mansion House, that either by their refusal they duke of Portland and lord Rockingham purchased might forfeit the confidence of the public, or, by the his absence with one hundred pounds a-piece, with engagement, lay a foundation for confidence. which he returned to Paris. And for the truth of When they were informed of the intention, lord what I here advance, I appeal to the duke of Rockingham and his friends flatly refused any enPortland, to lord Rockingham, to lord John Caven- gagement; and Mr. Beckford as flatly swore, they dish, to Mr. Walpole, etc. I appeal to the hand should then “ eat none of his broth;" and he was dewriting of Mr. Wilkes, which is still extant.
termined to put off the entertainment; but Mr. Should Mr. Wilkes afterwards (failing in this Beckford was prevailed upon by * * * to inwholesale trade) choose to dole out his popularity by dulge them in the ridiculous parade of a popular the pound, and expose the city officers to sale to his procession through the city, and to give them the brother, his attorney, etc. Junius will tell us it is foolish pleasure of an imaginary consequence, for the only an ambition that he has to make them chamber- real benefit only of the cooks and purveyors.' lain, town clerk, etc., and he must not be opposed in It was the same motive which dictated the thanks thus robbing the ancient citizens of their birthright, of the city to lord Chatham; which were expresseu because any defeat of Mr. Wilkes would gratify the to be given for his declaration in favor of short par
liaments, in order thereby to fix lord Chatham, at Should he, after consuming the whole of his own least, to that one constitutional remedy, without fortune and that of his wife, and incurring a debt of which all others can afford no security. The embartwenty thousand pounds, merély by his own private rassment, no doubt, was cruel. He had his choice, extravagance, without a single service or exertion all either to offend the Rockingham party, who declared this time for the public, whilst his estate remained; formally against short parliaments, and with the should be, at length, being undone, commence assistance of whose numbers in both houses he must patriot; have the good fortune to be illegally perse-expect again to be minister, or to give up the conficuted, and, in consideration of that illegality, he dence of the public, from whom, finally, all real conespoused by a few gentlemen of the purest public sequence must proceed. Lord Chatham chose the
latter; and I will venture to say, that, by his answer might have taught him not to value his own underto those thanks, he has given up the people without standing so highly. Lord Lyttleton's integrity and gaining the friendship or cordial assistance of the judgment are unquestionable; yet he is known to Rockingham faction, whose little politics are confined admire that cunning Scotchman, and verily believes to the making of matches, and extending their family him an honest man. I speak to facts, with which all connections; and who think they gain more by pro- of us are conversant. I speak to men, and to their curing one additional vote to their party in the house experience; and will not descend to answer the little of commons, than by adding their languid property, sneering sophistries of a collegian. Distinguished and feeble character, to the abilities of a Chatham, talents are not necessarily connected with discretion. or the confidence of a public.
If there be any thing remarkable in the character of • Whatever may be the event of the present wretched Mr. Horne, it is, that extreme want of juugment state of politics in this country, the principles of should be united with his very moderate capacity.Junius will suit no form of government. They are Yet I have not forgotten the acknowledgment I made not to be tolerated under any constitution. Personal him; he owes it to my bounty: and though his letenmity is a motive fit only for the devil. Whoever, ter has lowered him in my opinion, I scorn to retract or whatever is sovereign, demands the respect and the charitable donation. support of the people. The union is formed for their I said it would be very difficult for Mr. Horne to happiness, which cannot be had without mutual re- write directly in defense of a ministerial measure, spect; and he counsels maliciously who would per. and not to be detected, and even that difficulty I consuade either to a wanton breach of it. When it is fined to his particular situation. He changes the banished by either party, and when every method terms of the proposition, and supposes me to assert, has been tried in vain to restore it, there is no remedy that it would be impossible for any man to write for but a divorce; but even then he must have a hard the newspapers, and not be discovered. and a wicked heart indeed, who punishes the greatest He repeatedly affirms, or intimates at least, that criminal merely for the sake of the punishment; and he knows the author of these letters. With what who does not let fall a tear for every drop of blood color of truth, then, can he pretend, " That I am no that is shed in a public struggle, however just the where to be encountered but in a newspaper?" I quarrel.
shall leave him to his suspicions. It is not necessary JOHN HORNE. that I should confide in the honor and discretion of
a man, who already seems to hate me with as much LETTER LIII.
rancor as if I had formerly been his friend. But he
asserts, that he has traced me through a variety of TO THE PRINTER OF THE PUBLIC ADVERTISER signatures. To make the discovery of any impor
August 15, 1771. tance to his purpose, he should have proved, either I ought to make an apology to the duke of that the fictitious character of Junius has not been Grafton, for suffering any part of my attention to be consistently supported, or that the author has maindiverted from his grace to Mr. Horne. I am not tained different principles under different signatures. justified by the similarity of their dispositions. Pri- | I cannot recall to my memory the numberless trifles vate vices, however detestable, have not dignity suffi- I have written ; but I rely upon the consciousness of cient to attract the censure of the press, unless they my own integrity, and defy him to fix any colorable are united with the power of doing some signal mis- charge of inconsistency upon me. chief to the community. Mr. Horne's situation does I am not bound to assign the secret motives of his not correspond with his intentions. In my opinion, apparent hatred of Mr. Wilkes : nor does it follow (which I know will be attributed to my usual vanity that I may not judge fairly of his conduct, though it and presumption) his letter to me does not de- were true that I had no conduct of my own. Mr. serve an answer. But I understand that the public Horne enlarges with rapture upon the importance of are not satisfied with my silence; that an answer is his services; the dreadful battles which he might expected from me; and that if I persist in refusing have been engaged in, and the dangers he has escaped to plead, it will be taken for conviction. I should In support of the formidable description he quotes be inconsistent with the principles I profess, if I de- verses without mercy. The gentleman deals in ficclined an appeal to the good sense of the people, or tion, and naturally appeals to the evidence of the did not willingly submit myself to the judgment of poets. Taking him at his word, he cannot but admy peers.
mit the superiority of Mr. Wilkes in this line of serIf any coarse expressions have escaped me, I am vice. On one side, we see nothing but imaginary ready to agree that they are unfit for Junius to make distress; on the other, we see real prosecutions; real ase of; but I see no reason to admit that they have penalties ; real imprisonments; life repeatedly hazbeen improperly applied.'
arded; and, at one moment, almost the certainty of Mr. Horne, it seems, is unable to comprehend how death. Thanks are undoubtedly due to every man an extreme want of conduct and discretion can con- who does his duty in the engagement, but it is the sist with the abilities I have allowed him; nor can wounded soldier who deserves the reward. he conceive that a very honest man, with a very good I did not mean to deny, that Mr. Horne had been understanding, may be deceived by a knave. His an active partisan. It would defeat my own purknowledge of human nature must be limited indeed. pose not to allow him a degree of merit which agHad he never mixed with the world, one would have gravates his guilt. The very charge of contributing thought that even his books might have taught him his utmost efforts to support a ministerial measure, better-Did he hear lord Mansfield when he defended | implies an acknowledgment of his former services, his doctrine concerning libels? Or when he stated If he had not once been distinguished by his apparent the law in prosecutions for criminal conversation ? zeal in defense of the common cause, he could not Or when he delivered his reasons for calling the now be distinguished by deserting it. As for myself, house of lords together to receive a copy of his it is no longer a question, " Whether I shall mix with charge to the jury in Woodfall's trial ? Had he been the throng, and take a single share in the danger." present upon any of these occasions, he would have Whenever Junius appears, he must encounter a host seen how possible it is for a man of the first talents of enemies. But is there no honorable way to serve to confound himself in absurdities, which would dis. the public, without engaging in personal quarrels grace the lips of an idiot. Perhaps the example with insignificant individuals, or submitting to the
drudgery of canvassing votes for an election ? Is seat in the cabinet. But, if his ambition be upon a there no merit in dedicating my life to the informa- level with his understanding, it' he judges of what is tion of my fellow-subjects? What public question truly honorable for himself, with the same superior have I declined ? What villain have I spared ? Is genius which animates and directs him to eloquence there no labor in the composition of these letters in debate, to wisdom in decision, even the pen of JuMr. Horne, I fear is partial to me, and measures the nius shall contribute to reward him. Recorded honfacility of my writings by the fluency of his own. ors shall gather round his monument, and thicken
He talks to us in high terms of the gallant feats he over him. It is a solid fabric, and will support the would have performed if he had lived in the last laurels that adorn it. I am not conversant in the century. The unhappy Charles could hardly have language of panegyric. These praises are extorted escaped him. But living princes have a claim to his from me; but they will wear well, for they have been attachment and respect. Upon these terms, there is dearly earned. no danger in being a patriot. If he means any thing My detestation of the duke of Grafton is not founded more than a pompous rhapsody, let us try how well upon his treachery to any individual; though I am his argument holds together. I presume he is not willing enough to suppose, that, in public affairs, it yet so much a courtier as to affirm that the constitu- would be impossible to desert or betray lord Chattion has not been grossly and daringly violated under ham, without doing an essential injury to this country, the present reign. He will not say, that the laws My abhorrence of the duke arises from an intimate have not been shamefully broken or perverted; that knowledge of his character, and from a thorough conthe rights of the subject have not been invaded ; or, viction that his baseness has been the cause of greater that redress has not been repeatedly solicited and re- mischief to England, than even the unfortunate amfused. Grievances, like these, were the foundation bition of lord Bute. of the rebellion in the last century; and, if I under- The shortening the duration of parliaments is a stand Mr. Horne, they would, at that period, have subject on which Mr. Horne cannot enlarge too warmly, justified him, to his own mind, in deliberately at- nor will I question his sincerity. If I did not protess tacking the life of his sovereign. I shall not ask him, the same sentiments, I should be shamefully inconto what political constitution this doctrine can be sistent with myself. It is unnecessary to bind lord reconciled: but, at least, it is incumbent upon him Chatham by the written formality of an engagement. to show, that the present king has better excuses He has publicly declared himself a convert to trienthan Charles the First, for the errors of his govern- nial parliaments ; and though I have long been conment. He ought to demonstrate to us, that the con- vinced, that this is the only possible resource we stitution was better understood a hundred years ago, have left to preserve the substantial freedom of the than it is at present; that the legal rights of the sub constitution, I do not think we have a right to deterject, and the limits of the prerogative, were more mine against the integrity of lord Rockingham or his accurately defined, and more clearly comprehended. friends. Other measures may undoubtedly be supIf propositions like these cannot be fairly maintained ported in argument, as better adapted to the disorder, I do not see how he can reconcile it to his conscience, or more likely to be obtained. not to act immediately with the same freedom with Mr. Horne is well assured that I never was the which he speaks. I reverence the character of Charles champion of Mr. Wilkes. But though I am not the First as little as Mr. Horne; but I will not insult obliged to answer for the firmness of his future adhis misfortunes by a comparison that would degrade herence to the principles he professes, I have no rea, him.
son to presume that he will hereafter disgrace them. It is worth observing, by what gentle degrees the As for all those imaginary cases which Mr. Horne so furious, persecuting zeal of Mr. Horne has softened petulantly urges against me, I have one plain honest into moderation. Men and measures were yesterday answer to make him. Whenever Mr. Wilkes shall his object. What pains did he once take to bring be convicted of soliciting a pension, an embassy, or a that great state criminal M Quirk to execution! To-government, he must depart from that situation, and day he confines himself to measures only; no penal renounce that character, which he assumes at present, example is to be left to the successors of the duke of and which, in my opinion, entitles him to the supGrafton. To-morrow, I presume, both men and meas- port of the public. By the same act, and at the same ures will be forgiven. The flaming patriot, who so moment, he will forfeit his 'power of mortifying the lately scorched us in the meridian, sinks temperately king: and though he can never be a favorite at St. to the west, and is hardly felt as he descends.
James's, his baseness may administer a solid satisfacI comprehend the policy of endeavoring to commu- tion to the royal mind. The man I speak of has not nicate to Mr. Oliver and Mr. Sawbridge a share in the a heart to feel for the frailties of his fellow-creatures. reproaches with which he supposes me to have loaded It is their virtues that afflict, it is their vices that him. My memory fails me, if I have mentioned their console him. names with disrespect; unless it be reproachful to I give every possible advantage to Mr. Horne, when acknowledge a sincere respect for the character of Mr. I take the facts he refers to for granted. That they Sawbridge, and not to have questioned the innocence are the produce of his invention, seems highly probof Mr. Oliver's intentions.
able, that they are exaggerated, I have no doubt. It seems I am a partisan of the great leader of the At the worst, what do they amount to ? but that Mr. opposition. If the charge had been a reproach, it Wilkes, who never was thought of as a perfect pattern should have been better supported. I did not intend of morality, has not been at all times proof against to make a public declaration of the respect I bear the extremity of distress. How shameful is it in a lord Chatham ; I well knew what unworthy conclu- man who has lived in friendship with him, to resions would be drawn from it. But I am called upon proach him with failings too naturally connected to deliver my opinion; and surely it is not in the with despair? Is no allowance to be made for banlittle sneering censure of Mr. Horne to deter me from ishment and ruin? Does a two years' imprisonicent doing signal justice to a man, who, I confess, has make no atonement for his crimes? The resentment grown upon my esteem. As for the common sordid of a priest is implacable: no sufferings can soften, no views of avarice, or any purpose of vulgar ambition, penitence can appease him. Yet he himself, I think, I question whether the applause of Junius would be upon his own system, has a multitude of political of service to lord Chatham. My vote will hardly re-offenses to atone for. I will not insist upon the commend him to an increase of his pension, or to a / nauseous detail with which he so long disgusted the public; he seems to be ashamed of it. But what ex- lude the understanding of the people, and, without cuse will he make to the friends of the constitution, meaning an indecent comparison, I may venture to for laboring to promote this consummately bad man foretell, that the Bible and Junius will be read, when to a station of the highest national trust and import- | the commentaries of the Jesuits are forgotten. ance? Upon what honorable motives did he recom
JUNIUS. mend him to the livery of London for their representative; to the ward of Farringdon for their alderman ; to the county of Middlesex for their knight?
TO THE PRINTER OF THE PUBLIC ADVERTISER. should say so, is, indeed, very necessary for his own SIR,
August 28, 1771. justification; but where will he find credulity to be The enemies of the people having now nothing lieve him?
better to object to my friend Junius, are, at last, In what school this gentleman learned his ethics, obliged to quit his politics, and to rail at him for I know not. His logic seems to have been studied crimes he is not guilty of. His vanity and impiety under Mr. Dyson. That miserable pamphleteer, by are now the perpetual topics of their abuse. I do dividing the only precedent in point, and taking as not mean to lessen the force of such charges, supposmuch of it as suited his purpose, had reduced his ing they were true, but to show that they are not argument upon the Middlesex election to something founded. If I admitted the premises, I should readily like the shape of a syllogism. Mr. Horne has con- agree in all the consequences drawn from them. ducted himself with the same ingenuity and candor. Vauity, indeed, is a venial error, for it usually carries I had affirmed, that Mr. Wilkes would preserve the its own punishment with it; but if I thought Junius public favor, " as long as he stood forth against a min-capable of uttering a disrespectful word of the religistry and parliament, who were doing every thing ion of his country, I should be the first to renounce they could to enslave the country, and as long as he and give him up to the public contempt and indignawas a thorn in the king's side." Yet, from the exult- tion. As a man, I am satisfied that he is a Christian, ing triumph of Mr. Horne's reply, one would think upon the most sincere conviction : as a writer, he that I had rested my expectation that Mr. Wilkes would be grossly inconsistent with his political would be supported by the public, upon the single principles, if he dared to attack a religion, established condition of his mortifying the king. This may be by those laws, which it seems to be the purpose of logic at Cambridge, or at the tieasury; but, among his life to defend. Now for the proofs. Junius is men of sense and honor, it is folly or villany in the accused of an impious allusion to the holy sacrament, extieme.
where he says, that, "if lord Weymouth be denied I see the pitiful advantage he has taken of a single the cup, there would be no keeping him within the unguarded expression, in a letter not intended for pale of the ministry.” Now, sir, I affirm, that this the public. Yet it is only the expression that is un passage refers entirely to a ceremonial in the Roman guarded. I adhere to the true meaning of that mem-Catholic church, which denies the cup to the laity. ber of the sentence, taken separately as he takes it; It has no manner of relation to the protestant creed; and now, upon the coolest deliberation, re-assert, and is in this country as fair an object of ridicule as that, for the purposes I referred to, it may be highly transubstantiation, or any other part of lord Peter's meritorious to the public, to wound the personal feel- History, in the Tale of a Tub. ings of the sovereign. It is not a general proposition, But Junius is charged with equal vanity and imnor is it generally applied to the chief magis- piety, in comparing his writings to the Holy Scriptures. trate of this, or any other constitution. Mr. Horne The formal protest he makes against any such comknows, as well as I do, that the best of princes is not parison avails him nothing. It becomes necessary displeased with the abuse which he sees thrown upon then to show that the charge destroys itself. If he be his ostensible ministers. It makes them, I presume, vain, he cannot be impious. more properly the objects of his royal compassion. A vain wan does not usually compare himself to an Neither does it escape his sagacity, that the lower object which it is his design to undervalue. On the they are degraded in the public esteem, the more sub- other hand, if he be impious, he cannot be vain ; for missively they must depend upon his favor for pro- his impiety, if any, must consist in his endeavoring tection. This I affirm, upon the most solemn con- to degrade the Holy Scriptures, by a comparison with viction and the most certain knowledge, is a leading his own contemptible writings. This would be folly, maxim in the policy of the closet. It is unnecessary indeed, of the grossest nature; but where lies the to pursue the argument any farther.
vanity? I shall now be told,“ Sir, what you say is Mr. Horne is now a very loyal subject 'He laments plausible enough ; but still you must allow, that it the wretched state of politics in this country; and is shamefully impudent in Junius to tell us that his sees, in a new light, the weakness and folly of the works will live as long as the Bible." My answer is, opposition. “Whoever, or whatever, is sovereign, de-Agreed: but first prove that he has said so. Look at mands the respect and support of the people: "* it his words, and you will find that the utmost he es. was not so " when Nero fiddled while Rome was pects is, that the Bible and Junius will survive the burning.” Our gracious sovereign has had wonder- commentaries of the Jesuits; which may prove true ful success in creating new attachments to his person in a fortnight. The most malignant sagacity cannot and family. He owes it, I presume, to the regular show that his works are, in his opinion, to live as long system he has pursued in the mystery of conversion. as the Bible. Suppose I were to foretell, that Jack He began with an experiment upon the Scotch, and and Tom would survive Harry, does it follow that concludes with converting Mr. Horne. What a pity Jack must live as long as Tom? I would only illusit is, that the Jews should be condemned by Provi- trate my meaning, and protest against the least idea dence to wait for a Messiah of their own!
of profaneness. The priesthood are accused of misinterpreting the Yet this is the way in which Junius is usually Scriptures. Mr. Horne has improved upon his pro-answered, arraigned, and convicted. These candid fession. He alters the text, and creates a refutable critics never remember anything he says in honor of doctrine of his own. Such artifices cannot long de- our holy religion: though it is true that one of his
* The very soliloquy of lord Suffolk before be passed leading arguments is made to rest "upon the intertbe Rubicon.
.nal evidence, which the purest of all religions carries