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• tions, as also gradual and deliberate Openings, with ma'ný voluntary Fallings alunder in the Fan it felf, that are • seldom learned under a Month's Practice. This part of ! the Exercise pleases the Spectators more than any other, . as it discovers on a sudden an infinite Number of Cue
pids, Garlands, Altars, Birds, Beasts, Rainbows, and
the like agreeable Figures, that display themselves to • View, whilft every one in the Regiment holds a Picture rin her Hand.'
• UPON my giving the Word to discharge their Fans, • they give one general Crack that may be heard at a con. ! fiderable Distance when the Wind fits fair. This is one • of the most difficult Parts of the Exercise; but I have ! feveral Ladies with me, who at their first Entrance could
not give a Pop loud enough to be heard at the further ' End of a Room, who can now discharge a Fan in such . a Manner, that it shall make a Report like a Pocket
Piftol. I have likewise taken Care (in order to hinder ! young Women from letting off their Fans in wrong
Places or unsuitable Occasions) to shew upon what Suba ject the Crack of a Fan 'may come in properly : I have likewise invented a Fan, with which a Girl' of Sixteen, by the Help of a little Wind which is enclosed about one
of the largest Sticks, .can make as loud a Crack as a • Woman of Fifty with an ordinary Fan.
"WHEN the Fans are thus discharged, the Word of ! Command in course is to ground their Fans. This teaches : a Lady to quit her Fan gracefully when the throws ic • aside in order to take up a Pack of Cards, adjust a Curl • of Hair, replace a falling Pin, or apply her self to any
other Matter of Importance. This Part of the Exercise,
as it only consists in tosling a Fan with an Ait upon a • long Table (which stands by for that Purpose) may be • learned in two Days Time as well as in a Twelvemonth
I WHEN my Female Regiinent is thus disarmed, I generally let them walk about the Room for some Time;
when 'on a sudden (like Ladies thåt look upon their • Watches after a long Visit) they all of them haften to • their Arms, catch them up in a Hurry, and place them• selves in their proper Stations upon my calling out reco• ver your Fans. This Part of the Exercise is not difficult, • provided a Woman applies her Thoughts to it.
OTHE "THE Fluttering of the Fan is the last, and indeed the « Master-piece of the whole Exercise; but if a Lady does' • not mis-spend her Time, she may make her self Miftress. 6. of it in three Months. Igenerally lay aside the Dog: 6 days and the hot Time of the Summer for the teaching 6. this Part of the Exercise, for as soon as ever I pronounce « Flutter your Fans, the Place is filled with so many Ze.
phyrs and gentle Breezos as are very refreshing in that ! Season of the Year, though they might be dangerous to 6. Ladies of a tender Constitution in any other..
OTHER E is an infinite Variety of Motions to be made use of in the Flutter of a Fan:. There is the an: • gry Flutter, the modeft- Flutter, the timorous Flutter, s. the confused Flutter, the merry Flutter, and the amo6, rous Flutter. Not to be tedious, there is scarce any E: « motion in the Mind which does not produce a suitablé. 6. Agitation in the Fan;- infomuch, that if I only see the • Fan of a disciplin'd Lady, I know very well whether « she laughs, frowns, or blushes. I have seen a Fan fo « very angry, that it would have been dangerous for the 4, absent Lover who provoked it to have come within the & Wind of it; and at other times so very languishing, that 6. I have been glad for the Lady's Sake the Loyer was at à . fufficient Distance from it. I need not add, that a Fan « is either a Prude or Coquet, according to the Nature of;
the Person who bears it. To conclude my Letter, I must « acquaint you that I have from my own Observations
compiled a little Treatise for the Use of my Scholars, * entitled the Paffions of the Fan; which I will commua. * nicate to you, if you think it may be of Ufe to the Pub.. *lick. I shall have a general Review on Thursday next; 6. to which you shall be very welcome if you will honour it with your Presence. .
. . I am, &c.
6. P. S. 1' teach young Gentlemen the whole Art: a of Gallanting a Fan.
N, B. « I have several little plain Fansmade for this. & Use, to avoid Expence,
Hor.' M Y Friend the Divine having been used with Words IV of Complaisance (which he thinks could be pro..
perly applied to no one living, and I think could be only spoken of him, and that in his Absence) was so extreamly offended with the exceffive way of speaking Civilities among us, that he made a Discourse against it at the Club; which he concluded with this Remark, that: he had not heard onę Compliment made in our Society since its Commencement. Every one was pleased with his Conclusion; and as each knew his good Will to the reft, he was convinced that the many Professions of Kindness and Service, which we ordinarily meet with, are not natural where the Heart is well inclined : But are a Proftitution of Speech, seldom intended to mean any part of what they express, never to mean All they express. Our Reverend Friend, upon this Topick, pointed to us two or three Paragraphs on this Subject in the first Sermon of the firit Volume of the late Archbishop's Pofthumous Works.. I do not know that I ever read any thing that pleased me more, and as it is the Praise of Longinus, that he speaks of the Sublime in a Style suitable to it, so one may say of this Author upon Sincerity, that he abhors any Pomp of Rhetorick on this Occasion, and treats it with a more than ordinary Simplicity, at once to be a Preacher and an Example, With what Command of himself does he lay before us, in the Language and Temper of his Profession, a Fault, which by the least Liberty and Warmth of Exprelfxon would be the most lively Wit and Satyr? But his Heart was better disposed, and the good Man chastised the great Wit in such a manner, that he was able to speak as follow.si
AMONGST too many other Instances of the • great Corruption and Degeneracy of the Age wherein ' we live, the great and general want of Sincerity in Con• versation is none of the least. The World is grown lo • full of Dissimulation and Compliment, that Mens Words o are hardly any Signification of their Thoughts; and if
any Man'measure his Words by his Heart, and speak as • he thinks, and do not express more Kindness to every • Man, than Men usually have for any Man, he can hardly • escape the Censure of want of Breeding. The old Ene • glish Plainncss and Sincerity, that generous Integrity of · Nature, and Honesty of Disposition, which always ar« gues true Greatness of Mind, and is usually accompa
nied with undaunted Couragę and Resolution, is in a • great measure loft amongst us: There hath been a long • endeavour to transform us into Foreign Manners and
! Fashions, and to bring us to a servile Imitation of none .of the best of our Neighbours in some of the worst of
their Qualities. The Dialect of Conversation is now-adays so swelled with Vanity and Compliment, and lo • surfeited (as I may say) of Expressions of Kindness and • Respect, that if a Man that lived an Age or two ago • should return into the World again he would really want • a Dictionary to help him to understand his own Lan
guage, and to know the true intrinsick Value of the • Phrase in Fashion, and would hardly at first believe at • what a low Rate the highest Strains and Expressions of
Kindness imaginable do cominonly pass in current Pay. ment: and when he should come to understand it, it would be a great while before he could bring himself
with a good Countenance and a good Conscience to • converse with Men upon equal Terms, and in their own way.
AND in Truth it is hard to say, whether it should . more provoke our Contempt or our Pity, to hear what ' folemin Expressions of Respect and Kindness will pass • between Men, alınost upon no Occasion; how great
Honour and Esteem they will declare for one whom S perhaps they never saw before, and how intirely they • are all on the sudden devoted to his Service and Inte• rest, for no Reason; how.infinitely and eternally obliged to him, for no Benefit; and how extreamly they
! will be concerned for him, yea and afflicted too, for s no Cause. I know it is faid, in Justification of this a hollow kind of Converfation, that there is no Harm, \: no real Deceit in Compliment, but the Matter is well • enough, fo long as we understand one another; e Ver: 'ba valent ut Nummi, Words are like Money; and when the • current Value of them is generally understood, no Man • is cheated by them. This is fomething; if such Words “were any thing; but being brought into the Accompt,
they are meer Cyphers. Howeyer, it is still a juft Mata * ter of Complaint, that Sincerity and Plainness are out of • Fashion, and that our Language is running into a Lie; • that Men have almoft quite perverted the use of Speech, • and made Words to signifie nothing, that the greatest
part of the Conversation of Mankind is little else but • driving a Trade of Diffimulation ; insomuch that it s would make a Man heartily fick and weary of the
World, to fee the little Sincerity that is in Use and PraAice among Men.
WHEN the Vice is placed in this contemptible Light, he argues unanswerably against it, in Words and Thoughts fo natural, that any Man who reads them would imagine he himself could have been Author of them."
IF the show of any thing be good for any thing, I . am sure Sincerity is better : for why does any Man dis
semble, or feem to be that which he is not, but be. 6 cause he thinks it good to have fuch a Quality as he < pretends to ? For to counterfeit and diffemble, is to put • on the Appearance of some real Excellency. Now the s best way in the World to seem to be anything, is real• ly to be what he would seem to be. Besides, that it e is many times as troublesome to make good the Prestence of a good Quality, as to have it; and if a Man
have it not, it is ten to one but he is discovered to want sit; and then all his Pains and Labour to seem to have
it, is loft.
IN another Part of the same Discourse he goes on to fhew, that all Artifice must naturally tend to the Disappointment of him that practises it.
WHATSOEVER Conyenience may be thought to be in Falshood and Dissimulation, it is soon over; .but the inconvenience of it is perpetual, because it