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have sometimes their field conventi- | ton presented a paper to the Royal cles, and that they dance in such Society, in which the probability of rings, we have ample testimony from these circles being occasioned by divers good authors ; some of them fungi, is stated and accounted for judges, who received it in confession with considerable ability, agreeably to from the criminals themselves, con- the known laws of vegetation, under demned by them, all agreeing, if to given circumstances : and as no theory be believed, that their dances were more plausible has yet appeared, always circular ; but that as they this commands the sanction of general served a different master, so they per- / assent. It must, however, be grantformed this exercise in a different ed, that the evidence on which this manner from other mortals; Porro theory rests, is not indubitable. Accirculares esse omnes choros qui sic agi- cident and observation may combine tantur, atque ab aversis saltatoribus tri- in future years to assign fairy circles pudiari affirmant, says Nicholaus Remi- to a different cause. But should such gius, i. 2. that they affirmed all their an event take place, or the present dances to be circular, their faces being opinion be confirmed by an accumuturned away from one another ; for lation of facts, in either case they will which he alleges the confessions of cease to excite amazement. Achen Weher, Joanna Gerardina, Dominicus Petronius, Hennel Armentaria, Anna Ruffa, Zebella the wife of John Deodat, Odilla Gaillarda, and many others; to which Sybilla More- It has been said, that the King of lia, it seems, added another circum- Persia has been recently converted to stance, that the circle was always led Christianity, by the arguments of the to the left hand, as Pliny observes the celebrated Missionary, Mr. Martin. ancient Gauls did, though they Such a conversion must have an imdanced single, totum corpus circum- portant effect in spreading the light agendo, quod in lævum fecisse, Galliæ of the gospel through regions of darkreligiusius credunt.

ness, ignorance, and idolatry. If this On this very singular phenomenon, report should prove correct, the promany of our distinguished philoso- vidential obscurity which seemed to phers have exercised their ingenuity, hang on the death of this amiable and employed their pens, Jessop, Christian, will be in a great measure following Walker, ascribes these cir- unravelled. cles to the operation of lightning; and their opinions are recorded in one of the early volumes of the Philosophical

PETRIFACTION. Transactions. The views of Dr. Priestley and Dr. Price nearly coincide with An elderly gentleman, who lately died the preceding, both attributing these in Fayette County, State of Kentucky, circles to electricity, to which conclu- previously to his death requested that sion they were led by observing the his daughter's remains should be discircular form which the electric fluid interred, and placed by the side of his took, in some experiments that were His daughter had been buried made on metallic substances. But about eleven years, in the County of these opinions have, since their days, Bourbon, Kentucky. After his debeen generally discarded. There can cease, the old gentleman's request was be no doubt that these remarkable complied with. To the great surprise circles are entitled to a more patient, and astonishment of those engaged in extensive, and minute examination, raising the daughter's remains, her than they have hitherto received; and body was found to be entire, and of it is only by such an investigation, its full size. On a minute examinathat their real cause can be fully ex- tion, it was found to be perfectly peplored. But so far as observation has trified-its specific gravity was, about hitherto extended, the result of inquiry the same as that of common limeconfirms the opinion advanced in the stone. The coffin was entirely decayintroductory remarks of this article, ed. Her countenance had undergone namely, that they are caused by a so small an alteration, that her hussmall species of mushroom. On this band, it is said, on beholding her, subject, in the year 1807, Dr. Wollas- fainted.-American Paper.



Remarks on Mental Affections.


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SPRING VALE, of which the above is sane; yet he did his duty as well as bea faithful representation, is a private fore, so that no complaint was made, asylum for lunatics. It stands nearly nor was he superseded ; and, in contwo hundred yards on the western side versation with the gentleman who was of the great road leading from London my informant, he said, "I don't to Liverpool, about two miles and know how it is, but lately I have rethree quarters from Stone, and some-ceived such an accession to my mental thing more than six miles from New- powers as quite astonishes me:-1 have castle. This building was erected by generally had a great number of paits present possessor, Mr. T. Bake- tients on hand, say from fifty to a well, purposely for the accommoda- hundred, and it was my usual praction of a small number of persons tice to make a memorandum of every afllicted with nervous or mental com- new patient,--what questions I put, plaints. The house is delightfully with his answers,—what I then thought situated, both for health and beauty ; of the case, and what medicines I and those who have perused with ordered for him ;-and upon his subseproper attention the letters with which quent visits, on his giving his name, Mr. Bakewell has furnished our Ma- I turned to the memorandum, and by gazine, will not think that he has this means saved the trouble of a fresh undertaken the management of a ma- examination. But now all this is uselady with which he is unacquainted.- less, for the moment a man enters the EDITOR. 1,20 anberi - room, who has ever been before, I

BI recollect his name, and all relating to REMARKS ON MENTAL AFFECTions. his case; and I can do my duty much dot no obsodola e Detit more correctly than formerly, and in TË (Continued from col. 750.) si half the time. My friend told me 9 tot onto

219 Fodas that this was found strictly true. 1. Not only are many, while under the Many years ago I had a patient pat visitation of insanity, able, upon vari- under my care, of whose recovery I ous occasions, to exercise their mental coald entertain very little hopes, his attainments with the usual correctness mental derangement being so inveteand ability, but this disease is found rate, it having been so long in the actually to operate as a great improve habit, and he had been so improperly ment to their intellectual attainments. treated; in fact, after a very fair trial

A surgeon upon active duty in the he was removed as incurable, and he country, some years ago, became in- remains insane to this day ; and yet, No. 45.-Vol. IV.


while under my care, he made very man." In answer, I said, “I beg, tolerable verses upon various sub- Sir, to assure you, that there is not jects, and wrote very good sense, as a more complete lunatic at Spring I thought, in prose, upon natural his- | Vale than that man is, or one less fit tory, a thing he could by no means for liberty. Did he say nothing to you have done before he was insane. about the army, or of being a colo

I once taught a patient to play at nel?”—“ Why, is he not a colonel ?” chess, wbich is well known to be pure- “No, he is nothing but a grocer, por ly an intellectual exercise. While his was he ever any thing else.”-“I ask insanity continued, he beat me nine your pardon, Sir; I'm perfectly satisgames out of ten; and when he had fied.” recovered, we played upon pretty equal Sometimes the mention of a partiterms.

cular subject will elicit the disease, I was once sct fast with some diffi: where before it was latent. A gentlecult accounts. I knew I had a good man visiting the Institution at Sara. accountant in the house, but at that gossa, in Spain, was accosted by one time he was under a paroxysm of rav- of the patients, who, with a request ing. I however called him; by which that he would be his friend, and prohe was roused, and he set the account cure his liberty, said, that he was a right in a surprising shortness of time, person of considerable property, and and in much less time, I am persuad- for the sake of that property his relaed, than he could have done before tions kept him there, though he did he was deranged, and then returned to not doubt that he should be able to his raving:

convince him, or any one else, of his It is well known that insanity is an being quite free from any mental disintermittent disease; and during the ease whatever. The gentleman said lacid intervals it does not shew itself he should be happy to be his advoat all; so that occasional visitors to cate, but added, -"Upon a former visit mad houses frequently go away with to this place, I was addressed in nearly the impression, that some of the in- similar language by one of the inmates are improperly detained, when mates, and I took some pains; and that is not by any means the case ; got myself laughed at, for the man and those who take upon them to after all fancied himself Jesus Christ." speak in the negative upon a question 0, (said the patient,) but he was an of insanity, by what they can discover impostor; had he been Jesus Christ, I in occasional interviews, prove that must bave known it, for I am God they do not understand the nature of the Father. the complaint. The looks are the

(To be continued.) surest criterion; but even these do

Thos. BAKEWELL. not always give certain information,

Spring-Vale, near Stone, for at times there will be a total ab- 3d August, 1822. sence of all the symptoms in those who are incurably insane.

In some cases of insanity, the disor- Review.-The Preacher, or Sketches der only acts upon one train of ideas, of Sermons, chiefly selected from the while upon all the others the pa- MSS. of two eminent Divines of the tients are perfectly correct; and even last century, &c. 2 vols 12mo. 240 apon what is termed the hallucination, -240. London: Baynes, Ivy-Lane, they will converse dispassionately, 1822. and reason correctly, though from erroneous premises ; so that those These sketches and selections, which, unacquainted with their secret history in the two volumes, are eighty-six in cannot make any discovery of a number, embrace some of the more mental disease. Upon a visit of my interesting topics which the gospel magistrates, one of them entered into contains. With very few exceptions, a long conversation with one of the they bear a resemblance to those pubpatients, and then came to me, and lisbed some years since by the pious said, “I don't perceive any mental Mr. Simeon; and they may be consicomplaint whatever in the person I dered as helps to the arrangement and have been talking with; he not only composition of discourses designed appears free from insanity, but he for the pulpit. seems a very intelligent well-informed The editor's design, he informs as

Review:- The Preacher.

942 in his preface, was, to present a work, the Saviour met with. One from the world in

Another “prepared with a view to a nume- general : they knew him not? rous and respectable class of public from his own nation, to whom he came : "they

And another from the teachers, who have not had the advan- godly : they received him, and believed on tage of an academical education, and his name. bave neither time nor ability to pre

“ The first of these may be descriptive of pare any thing like a regular composi- such as did not hear the gospel, but merely tion for the pulpit; but who possess,

abused the light of nature : this therefore can

not apply to us. -We are all in the situa, notwithstanding, sufficient capacity to tion of the second or third class; for though relish and to communicate what might Christ is not personally come to us, yet having be profitable to their hearers." We sent us the word of salvation, it amounts to furthermore learn, that these two vo- the same thing: we either receive him, or we

receive him not. lumes are to be succeeded by others, making, in the whole, six or eight. in receiving Christ.

“I. Enquire what is supposed or included Prefixed to the first volume is an "In general, it is the same for substance as essay on the composition of a sermon, believing on his name.' There may be some by the late Mr. Fuller, whose name is shades of difference in the meaning of the a sufficient recommendation of what- terms, believing; trusting, and receiving;

but their general'import is the same, or they ever comes from his pen.

would not be so represented in the text. In these skeletons or outlines of

“Believing has respect to Christ as exhibited sermons, blank spaces are left at the in the gospel testimony trusting, as

and reconclusion of such sentences or para- revealed with promises graphs, as admit of and require en- ceiving, supposes bim to be the free gift of largement. In this respect, the method But all comes to the same tbing: he that recommended by the late Mr. Robin- believes the testimony, trasts the promises ; son, in his plan for lectures on non- and he that trusts in him, in so doing, conformity, seems to be adopted or receives Cbrist as the unspeakable gift of imitated ; and that teacher must be God.

“ More particularly, very deficient indeed, in taste and

“ 1. To receive Christ, implies a sense of judgment, who cannot take the bint, our deed of him.-The want of this is the reaand make the necessary improve- son why so many receive him not. ments.

Why do unbelievers reject the gospel ; It will readily be perceived, that and nominal Christians impugn its leading doc. these sketches are exceedingly short, They see no such evil in sin as to need a Sa. but they discover a comprehensive viour: or if they feel the need of a Saviour, it mind, and connect together a vast is only of such a one as can teach them the fund of leading ideas. The authors right way. They feel no need of

grace, seem invariably to take their stand on no need of an atonement, no need of a new the frontiers of their subjects, and others who think a little about doctrines; yet

creation, and being born again. having taken a walk round their vari- make light of religion, in favour of the world.. ous circumferences, leave the reader “ No man ever get embraced the Saviour, or pupil to explore the internal parts, till be perceived his need of him. How can according to his own views. From we receive a free salvation, till convinced of among these sketches, we select the

our own utter unworthiness? How can we feel

our need of belp, till helpless in ourselves ? following as a specimen, which we

How can we flee for refuge, to lay hold on the conceive will place the work in a hope that is set before us, till we are aware of favourable light.

our danger, and find ourselves hopeless ?

Consider whether the want of Evidences of Adoption. - John i. 12. this conviction be not at the bottom of your * But as many as received him, to them gave he case, while living without Christ in the power to become the sons of God, even to them world? that believe on his name.'

2. Receiving him, includes the renuncia“ Since God has sent his Son into the world tion of every thing that stands in competition as the Saviour of the lost, the great concern of with Christ. We cannot receive this guest, sinners is to be interested in him. What we and yet retain our old ones. We must refuse think of him, and how we stand affected to- the world for our portion, before we can emwards him, is the great turning point of salva- brace the Saviour as our all in all. Heb. xi. tion. If we believe in him, our 24–26.

All your vain sips are forgiven us for his name sake: but notions, vain hopes, and self-righteous depenif not, the wrath of God abideth on us. dence, must be given up: what you have ac

“The principal design of the apostles was to counted gain must become as loss. Pbil. iii. exhibit Christ, and it is evident that their 8. You must no longer go about to establish hearts were full of him.

your own righteousness, but cordially submit “ In this connection the sacred writer men. to the righteousness of God. Rom. ix. 27. tions three different kinds of treatment which

Are none of these obstractions in


the way of your receiving Christ, and believ- wants much improvement, and the ing on his name? 3. A reception of Christ includes a depen: of the assistance required.

volumes before us furnish their quota dence upon him in all his offices, and for all the purposes for which he is given to us of God. His office as a Priest is to take away sin: and do we come to him for that pur- Review.--The Christian Youth's Inpose?

As à King he is given to structor, or Bible Class Book, &c. reign over us : and do we willingly take his

Designed for the Use of Schools and yoke upon as ?'

As a Prophet, he ieaches as the good and the right way, not only

Families. By the Rev. A. E. Farby precept, but example: and do we learn rar, 12mo. pp. 167. Longman and of him ?

Are there any who have Co. 1821. not found rest to their souls? Come to Jesus; receive him into your hearts, and all will This work, being entirely composed be well. "II. The privilege connected with a recep

of select parts of the sacred scription of Christ : To them gave he power to be- turcs, leaves no room for animadvercome the sons of God.'

sion on its contents. Reduced thus "As creatures, we are all the children of to survey mere classification and God: but by sin we are become aliens. His love to us as the Creator is as it were extin- arrangement, our remarks cannot be guished; so that he cannot consistently treat extended beyond a few paragraphs, us as children. Instead of this, he threatens and these must be circumscribed in us as enemies with utter destruction. Gen. vi. their application. 7. Isai. xxvii. 11.

The whole volume is divided into " If the Lord now treats us as children, it four parts. The first of these asserts, must be by adoption and grace. is a new relation, not in common with the in the lofty language of inspiration, world, but

as distinguished from the world. the Being and Attributes of God. On 2 Cor. vi. 17, 18.-A relation in which the love these sublime subjects selections are of God is wonderfully displayed. 1 John iii. 1. made from various portions of the Jer. iii. 19.

sacred volume, references being given “But wherein consists its advantages?

"1. Power to become the son of God, in the margin to the chapters and gives us liberty of access to him as our

Father verses in which the passages may be Ephes. ii. 17, is.

found. “ 2. The privilege of fraternal intercourse The second part treats of mankind, with the members of his family. Heb. xii. beginning with the creation, introduc22, 23.

" 3. An eternal inheritance with the saints ing the fall of man, human depravity, in light. Acts xxvi. 18.”

and the deluge, and proceeding with

personal histories from Cain and Abel It too frequently happens, that in down to Daniel. El Lobo modern discourses, the viitated taste The third part refers exclusively to of a degenerate age is taken as the the redemption of mankind by Jesus standard to which the writers appeal, Christ, including his life, character, and the plain and unvarnished truths miracles, and death, and exhibiting of the gospel are thrown on the back those passages which most conspicoground, lest they should

5ously unfold the momentous doctrines 1901 “ Shock the ears of auditors polite."

109 of the gospel.

The fourth part comprehends the No charge of this kind can, how. various branches of human duty, and ever, be urged against the writers or points out our obligations both to God the compilers of the volumes before and man. us. They know no other standard Taken as than that which Jesus Christ and his bec. Apostles erected; hence they censure with boldness, those who want a gospel of accommodation.

That these sketches might be dered exceedingly serviceable to young preachers, we have the conviction: not to furnish the details, to be committed to but by exhibiting models, loping principles, which copy, and adopt with my tage. In this respect the

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