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CHRONICLE OF INTERNATIONAL EVENTS

WITH REFERENCES

Abbreviations: Ann. sc. pol., Annales des sciences politiques, Paris; Vie Int., La Vie Internationale, Brussels; Arch, dipl., Archives Diplomatiques, Paris; B., boletin, bulletin, bolletino; P. A. U., bulletin of the Pan-American Union, Washington; Clunet, J. de Dr. Int. Privé, Paris; Doc. Dipl., France, Documents diplomatiques; B. Rel. Ext., Boletin de Relaciones Exteriores; Dr., droit, diritto, derecho; D. O., Diario Oficial; For. rel., Foreign Relations of the United States; Ga., gazette, gaceta, gazzetta; Cd., Great Britain, Parliamentary Papers; Int., international, internacional, internazionale; J., Journal; J. O., Journal Officiel, Paris; Vint. Sc., L'lnternationalism Scientifique, The Hague; Mem. dipl., Memorial diplomatique, Paris; Monti., Moniteur beige, Brussels; Martens, Nouveau recueil genérale de traites, Leipzig; Q. dipl., Questions diplomatiques et coloniales; R., review, revista, revue, rivista; Reichs G., Reichs-Gesetzblatt, Berlin; Stoats., Staatsblad, Netherlands; State Papers, British and Foreign State Papers, London; Stat, at L., United States Statutes at Large; Times, The Times (London).

February, 1914

18 FranceGreat Britain. Agreement respecting the delimitation of the frontier between the British and French possessions from the Gulf of Guinea to the Okpara River. With map. French and English texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 5, 1914.

April, 1914.

4 Great BritainHonduras. Arrangement referring to arbitration matters relating to the Masica incident. English and Spanish texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 10, 1914.

May, 1914

30 GuatemalaGreat Britain. Additional protocol to the treaty of extradition of July 4, 1885. English and Spanish texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 12, 1914.

July, 1914.

30 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in the war between Austria-Hungary and Servia. Gaceta de Madrid, July 30, 1914.

August, 1914.

5 European War. Argentine Republic. Declaration of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary—Serbia, from July 26; Russia—Germany, from Aug. 2; France—Germany, from Aug. 4; Great Britain—Germany from Aug. 4; Belgium—Germany from Aug. 5. Bol. rel. ext. (Argentine Republic), 43:3; Clunet, 42:87. 5. European War. Siam. Declaration of neutrality in war between France and Germany. Clunet, 42:116.

14 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary and Montenegro. Gaceta de Madrid, Aug. 14, 1914; Clunet, 42:116.

16 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary—France and Great Britain. Gaceta de Madrid, Aug. 16,1914; Clunet, 42:116.

26 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in war between

Germany and Japan. Gaceta de Madrid, Aug. 26, 1914; Clunet, 4^:116.

September, 1914

1 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in war between Austria-Hungary and Belgium. Gaceta de Madrid, Sept. 1, 1914; Clunet, 42:116.

5 European War. Declaration between the United Kingdom, France and Russia engaging not to conclude peace separately during the present European war. English and French texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 1, 1915.

October, 1914.

27 Great BritainItaly. Ratifications exchanged of the conven

tion for the extension to British India of the Anglo-Italian treaty of commerce and navigation of June 15, 1883, signed June 15, 1914. English and Italian texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 19, 1914.

November, 1914

9 Great BritainNorway. Convention renewing for a further period of five years the arbitration convention of August 11, 1904. [See G. B. Treaty Series, No. 8, 1904 and No. 27, 1909.] English and Norwegian texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 14, 1914. November, 1914

10 Great BritainUnited States. Ratifications exchanged of treaty for the advancement of peace, signed at Washington, Sept. 15, 1914. Text: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 16, 1914; U. S. Treaty Series, No. 602.

10 European War. Spain. Declaration of neutrality in the war . between Turkey and the Allies. Gaceta de Madrid, Nov. 10, 1914; Clunet, 42:116.

16 ChileVenezuela. Extradition treaty signed. Spanish text: Bol. rel. ext. (Chile), Dec. 1914, p. 63.

16 Great BritainPortugal. Agreement providing for the settlement by arbitration of certain classes of questions which may arise between the two governments. English and Portuguese texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 15, 1914.

16 ChileColombia. General arbitration treaty signed. Spanish

text: Bol. rel. ext. (Chiie), Dec. 1914, p. 51.

17 ChileColombia. Extradition treaty signed. Bol. rel. ext.

(Chile), Dec. 1914, p. 53. 20 Great BritainNetherlands. Ratifications exchanged of treaty relating to the extradition of fugitive criminals between certain British protectorates and the Netherlands, signed at The Hague Aug. 17, 1914. English and Dutch texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 18, 1914.

February, 1915.

3 Great BritainSwitzerland. Convention signed providing for the settlement by arbitration of certain classes of questions which may arise between the two governments. English and French texts: G. B. Treaty Series, No. 3, 1915.

May, 1915.

26 European War. Argentine Republic. Declaration of neutrality in the war between Italy and Austria. Spanish text: B. rel. ext. (Argentine Republic), 44:248.

June, 1915.

24 European War. United States. The United States in answer to the German note of June 7, renewed its demand that the Frye case be settled by direct diplomatic negotiation rather than by a German prize court. Text in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 185. June, 1915.

28 European War. United States. The British steamship Armenian, with a cargo of mules from the United States, was destroyed by submarine off Cornwall, England, twenty-six members of the crew, most of them Americans, losing their lives. N. Y. Times, June 29, 1915.

28 Mexico. General Victoriano Huerta, former President of Mexico, and Gen. Pascal Orozco, were arrested by United States officials while on a train nearing the Mexican border; they were charged with violating American neutrality by planning a Mexican revolution. Later they were released on bail. General Huerta was again arrested on July 3d at El Paso, and his bail increased to $30,000, which he refused to furnish. N. Y. Times, June 29; July 4, 1915.

July, 1915.

2 Death of Porfirio Diaz, for thirty-five years President of Mexico. N. Y. Times, July 3, 1915.

6 European War. Italy. Italy established a blockade across the

Strait of Otranto. N. Y. Times, July 7, 1915.

7 European War. The United States naval authorities assumed

control of the German-owned wireless station at Sayville, Long Island, to guarantee its neutrality. N. Y. Times, July 8, 1915.

8 European War. Germany. Germany replied to the American

note of June 10, regarding submarine war against merchant ships. Text: Special Supplement To Journal, p. 149.

9 European War. The British steamship Orduna, bound for New

York and with many American passengers, was attacked near Queenstown, by submarine, but escaped. N. Y. Times, July 9, 1915.

10 European War. GermanyUnited States. The German prize court rendered a decision in the case of the William P. Frye, finding the cargo contraband, the sinking justified, but admitting that the German Government must pay an indemnity for the ship and American cargo under the Prussian-American treaties of 1785 and 1799. Text of German note of July 30, 1915 in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 188.

12 European War. United StatesGermany. Germany in note to the United States formally admits that the Nebraskan, a July, 1915.

United States merchant ship, was damaged without warning by a torpedo from a German submarine and not by a mine as had been claimed. Text issued by U. S. Dept. of State.

14 European War. Great BritainUnited States. Note sent

to Great Britain protesting against the practice of the British prize courts acting under Orders in Council or other municipal legislation not in accordance with the recognized rules of international law. Text in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 153.

15 European War. United StatesGreat Britain. The United

States sent note to Great Britain protesting against the seizure of the U. S. S. Neches. Text in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 154.

16 Panama Canal. The Panama Canal was used for the first time

by United States battleships, the Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin passing through on their way to San Francisco. N. Y. Times, July 17.

21 European War. United StatesGermany. The United States sent a third note to Germany relative to the rights of neutral passengers on merchant ships. Text in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 155.

23 European War. United StatesGreat Britain. Note sent by Great Britain in answer to the American note of April 2, relating to the interference with American trade in the war zone and presenting a legal argument to show that Great Britain is adhering to the principles of international law as modified by modern conditions and exigencies of the present situation. Text in Special Supplement to Journal, p. 157.

25 European War. United StatesGermany. American ship Leelawnaw was sunk by German submarine off the northwest coast of Scotland, warning being given and the crew towed to safety; the vessel was carrying flax (declared contraband by Germany) from Russia to Ireland. N. Y. Times, July 27, 1915.

28 Haiti. Haitian revolutionists removed President Guillaume Sam from the French legation, where he had taken refuge, and killed him. The American cruiser Washington arrived at Port-auPrince and landed marines to prevent further fighting. On July 29th, Rear Admiral Caperton, with a force of American marines and sailors from the cruiser Washington, assumed control

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