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Orders of the Day-continued.

Supply to be first order of the day on |
Thursdays, 259. 605; motion to super-
sede supply on that day, 266.
Ordnance; lieutenant-generalship of,

held not to vacate seat in the house,

649.
Owners, Lessees, and Occupiers;

locus stundi of, 763.
Oyster Fisheries ; provisional orders,

880.

Packet and Telegraphic Contracts. See

Contracts.
Pains and Penalties, Acts of; mode

of passing, 51.
Pairs; system of, 371.
Panels (Private Legislation Procedure

(Scotland) Act); see Extra-Parlia-
mentary Panel ; Parliamentary Panel.
Paper Duties Bill, 1860, 583.
Pardon; not pleadable in bar of im-

peachment, 667; given afterwards, ib. ;
bills for a general pardon, 461; cannot
be amended by Parliament, ib.; royal
assent thereto, 513; convicted felon dis-
qualified for seat in Parliament, until in

receipt of, 34.
Parishes; readjustment or division, pro-

visional orders, 867.
Parliament; constitution of, traceable to

the free Saxon councils, 1 ; constituent
parts of, 2–19; the Crown, 2; the
House of Lords, 6; the Commons, 14;
the three estates of, originally sat to-
gether, 19; when separated, 21;
chambers used after the fre, 21, n.

Legislative authority of Parliament,
37; prerogatives of Crown in reference
to, 39; summons from Crown, 41 ;
occasions of meeting without, 41. 42;
days for which usually summoned, 149,
n.; annual meeting of, 39; meeting of,
on demise of Crown, 41; causes of
summons declared, 42. 171 ; considered
by both houses, 174; tumultuous
assemblages near, 183; presentation of
petitions, ib., 522.

Prorogation of Parliament, 43. 207;
assembled by proclamation, 45; as-
sembling of, accelerated by proclama-
tion, 44; or deferred, 45; adjourn-
ment solely in power of each house,
46; adjournments at the pleasure
of the Crown, ib.; power of the
Crown over adjournments, pursuant to
statute, 47 ; expiration of Parliament
under the Septennial Act, 47 ; dissolu-
tion by proclamation, 48 ; by king in
person, ib.; assembly of Parliament
after a dissolution, 49 ; grants on account

Parliament-continued.

thereon, 550 ; period between procla-
mation calling a parliament and its
meeting, 41.

Judicature of Parliament in Acts of
attainder, &c., and in impeachments,
51.663; privileges thereof, 59, et seg.;
proceedings of, how regulated, 147, et
seg. ; proceedings upon its first meeting,
119; exceptional course in opening of,
151 ; service of Parliament, 178; at-
tendance at divine service, 185; sove-
reign supposed to be present in, 444;
communicated with by sovereign or
royal family, 445; statements to Parlia-
ment not actionable, 129; but admis-
sible in evidence, 130 ; officers of Parlia.
ment, 198. See also Commons, House

of; Lords, House of, etc., Precincis of.
Parliamentary Agents; the rules re-

garding, laid down by Mr. Speaker and
the Lords' Chairman of Committes, 709,
et seq.; members or officers of the house
not to practise as, 84. 712 ; privileged

from arrest, 125.
Parliamentary Costs Acts; provisions

of, 820. 821.
Parliamentary Deposits Act; and

the standing or “general" orders, 695,

n., 897.
Parliamentary Documents Deposit

Act; and the standing or “general "

orders, 695, n., 897.
Parliamentary Panel; under the

Private Legislation Procedure (Scot-

land) Act, 901.
Parliamentary Papers. See Accounts

and Papers.
Parliamentary Papers Committee,

542, n.
Parnell, Mr. ; named and suspended,

346.
Parochial Relief; persons in receipt of,

incapable of voting, 27.
“ Parties do not proceed;" with

private bill, 687. 827. See also Private

Bills.
Patents. See Letters Palent.
Paty; case of, referred to, 134.
Pease, Mr.; allowed to affirm, 163.
Pecuniary Interest. See Personal In-

terest.
Pecuniary Penalties and Fees; relax.

ation of Commons' privileges, 577. 579.

708. 839.
Peel, Sir Robert; breach of privilege

against, 79; house adjourns on death
of, 186; motion against him expunged
from votes, 203; opinion as to reading
extracts from newspapers, 326; use of
sovereign's name in debate by, 330.

Peerage ; list of, on roll of House of Personal Interest; circulars to canvass

Lords, 11; dormant peerages, laws re- | votes improper, 373; votes of peers and
lating to, ib. ; life peerages, 12; vacan members interested in public matters,

cies in the House of Commons by, 633. 373; does not prevent a member moving,
Peeresses ; privileges of, 110; forfeited 378; when case arises in committee,

when peeresses intermarry with com 377; in private bills, 375; in private
moners, ib. See also Peers.

bill committees (Commons), 378. 747.
Peers; created, and formerly summoned 756. 829; (Lords), 846 ; in a standing

to Parliament, by the Crown, 5; de committee, 395; in select committees,
grees of rank, 8; representative peers 405; Speaker's and chairman's rulings
of Scotland, 10; of Ireland, 11; not to regarding personal interest, 374, n.;
sit until of age, 12; titles of temporal interest not pecuniary in a vote, 379;
peers hereditary, 13; number and classi member personally interested, discharged
fication of peers, 14; English and Scotch from attendance on a private bill com-
peers ineligible to Commons, 29; Irish mittee, 756 ; declaration respecting, by
peers who may sit for places in Great members of private bill committees, 747.
Britain, 12. 30.

755 ; by commissioners under the Private
Rights and functions of peers, 49; Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Act,
access of, to sovereign, 61; peers 902.
becoming bankrupts, disqualified from Persons, Papers, and Records ; Com-
sitting and voting, 33; privileges of, mons' committees authorized to send
59. 109; privileges of peers of Ireland for, 406; and for papers only, 407 ; prac.
and Scotland, 10. 110. 670.

tice thereon, in private bill committees,
Introduction of peers to house, 153; | 825; Lords' committees, 402.
their places in the house, 177 ; service Petitions (Private or Provisional
of Parliament, 178; summoned to at Order Bills); petitions for private bills,
tend, 179; ancient privilege of voting 672. 693. 696. 722. 840. 856 ; petitions
by proxy, 178. 370; votes of peers in in favour of bills, 757; petitions against
judicial cases, 359.

(Commons), 757, et seq., 893. 899;
Mode of conducting the proceedings (Lords), 845-6. 861. 892. 899;
of the house, 152.209. 277; and petitions against alterations, &c., 758.
debates, 310; the right of explanation 761. 807. See also Additional Pro-
320; words of heat between peers, vision; Private Bills.
334; conduct in the house, 343; | Petitions (Private Legislation Pro-
divisions, 287.354; protests, 372; per cedure (Scotland) Act); petition for
sonal interest, 373; attendance as wit proposed order, 895. 897 ; against a
nesses before the Lords, 424, 429; before proposed order, 898; presentation of a
the Commons, 426. 433; duties of peers petition after introduction of confirming
on select committees, 401; presentation bill, 906.
of bills by peers, 461 ; of petitions, 531 ; Petitions, Public; right of petitioning,
resolutions of Commons, as to interfer 522; ancient mode of petitioning, ib.;
ence of peers in elections, 653; im receivers and triers, ib. ; commencement
peachments, 663; trials and indictment of modern system, 523; law prohibiting
of peers, 667; peers and the levy of the presentation of, by more than ten
tolls (private bills), 728. See also persons, 524; or the consideration of, by
Bishops ; Divisions; Lords, House of; persons in proximity to Parliament, ib.;
Proxies.

procedure on petitions praying for public
Pelham, H. (1647); his appointment as money, &c., 563; form of, 524; to a

Speaker of the Commons, approved by previous Parliament not received, ib. n.;
the House of Lords, 158.

nor on first day of session, 530; nor re-
Penalties. See Pecuniary Penalties, &c. monstrances, &c., 525; nor unless con-
Pensions; when a parliamentary dis cluding with a prayer, ib.; cannot be
qualification, 30.

presented by member before being
Perjury. See Witnesses,

sworn, 530; rules regarding signature,
Personal Allusions; in debate, 333.

&c., 525; forgery or fraud, 526 ; &
Personal Bills; which so termed, 839. breach of privilege, 75. 526; should be

856 ; originate in Lords, 856 ; procedure respectful in language, 526; may oppose
on, 856, et seq.

taxes, 528; relating to an election,
Personal Explanation ; by ministers, 658; proceedings on irregular peti-

318 ; by other members, 319. 320; in tions, 526; from persons attainted,
the Lords, 320.

528; from abroad, 529 ; presentation of

Petitions, Public-continued.

Postponement of Clause, 488; debate
petitions, 236. 529. 531; member to thereon, ib.
aflix his name thereto, 529; from the Powers of Purchase (Railway Com.
corporations of London or Dublin, ib.; panies); standing orders (private bills)
from a member, to be presented by as to, 796, 852.
another, 530; transmission by post, 531 ; Prayers ; in the Lords, 152; in the Com-
members responsible for petitions they mons, 157. 159; origin of present form,
present, 531; legal proceedings for non 159, n.; when first said in each house
presentation of petitions, 86; presenta on opening of Parliament, 171 ; places
tion and discussion of, in the Lords, 531 ; secured at, 178; house counted after,
in the Commons, 532; petitions com 230; notice of, to select and private bill
plaining of personal grievance, ib. ; committees, 413.
petitions read by the Clerk, 533; peti- Preachers; before the houses, appoint-
tions complaining of a breach of privi ment of, 185.
lege set down for consideration, 534; Preambles of Bills:
dealt with by committee on public I. Of Public Bills.-Considered in
petitions, ib. ; printed with the votes, committee, 483. 490; consideration of,
ib.; reprinted, 535.

on report, 496.
Piers and Harbours; provisional orders, II. of Hybrid Bills.-Consideration
873–4.

in committee, 469, n.
Pilotage; provisional orders, 874.

III. Of Private Bills. How con-
Pitt, Mr.; amendment of question con sidered in committee, 469, n., 790. 809;

cerning, 284; rose together with Mr. proceedings on, 808-812 ; question on,
Fox, 312; resolution (1784) respecting 469, n., 813; preamble proved, 790.
the supplies during his ministry, 552, n.; 813-4; not proved, 790, n., 818-820; as
first lord of the treasury and chancellor to alterations made by committee in
of the exchequer at same time, 648. preamble of private bill, 820.
Places of Members:

Precedence ; of peers, rules and orders as
I. Lords.-To sit in the order pre to, 6. 8. 177; to bills and motions at
scribed by Act, 177; places of, ib.; rules commencement of public business, 256;
in going to and leaving, 343.

of government business, 258; of ad-
II. Commons.-Treasury and opposi journed business in Lords, 210; of
tion benches, 177 ; members for the city notices of motions or orders of the day,
of London, 178; places retained by 258. 265; to questions of privilege, 270;
members thanked by the house, ib. ; to a vote of thanks, 256.
secured at prayers, ib. ; by members | Precincts of Parliament; service of
serving on select committees, 178; rules legal process in, 80; exclusion from,
in going to and leaving, 343.

350; if criminal act committed in, 137, n.
Plans, Sections, Cross-sections, and Preference Shares (Railway Bills);

Books of Reference; standing orders standing orders as to, 795. 797. 852 ;
(private bills) relating to, 695. 703; locus standi of preference shareholders,
plans produced before private bill com 779.
mittee to be signed by chairman, 823. Preliminary Objections (Private
Pleasure of the House; how signified, Bills); before the Examiners, 702;
280.

before committee, 809.
Plimsoll, Mr.; case of, 83.

Prerogative; limitations of, 3; taxes by,
Police ; provisional orders (Home Office), ceased at Revolution (1688), 4, n., 587.
873; (Scotland), 884.

Presbyterian Church of Scotland;
Police and Sanitary Regulations sovereign bound to maintain, 5.

Bills; referred in the Commons to a Prevarication; by witnesses punished, 75.
special committee, 751-2. 805; constitu Previous Question, the; forms of,
tion and proceedings of the committee, Lords and Commons, 283; limitations
805, 809, n.

on its use, ib.; cannot be amended,
Poor Law Bills; originating in the 284 ; used on privilege motions, 275;

Commons, 574; in the Lords, 581, n. used on stages of bills, 283; put on
Post; transmission of parliamentary main question as amended, ib.; cannot
papers by, 542.

be moved on an amendment, ib. ; nor
Postmaster-General; acceptance of in any committee, 284; nor upon a

office of, 647; provisional orders, 882-3; motion relating to the business of the
and private bills, 754-5. 815-7, n. See house, 283; no reply to mover of, 321.
also Government Departments.

Printed Papers. See Stockdalev. Hansard.

Printing; of accounts and papers, 542; | Private Bills—continued.

of petitions, 533. 534; parliamentary vision of bills by chairman of com-
papers committee, 542, n.; of public mittees (Lords), 688. 705. 849 ; and by
bills, 406; reprinted, 494; of private chairman of ways and means, 688. 707.
bills in the Commons (before presenta 753; parliamentary agents, 709; the
tion), 723; (as amended by committee), standing orders of both houses relating
830; (proposed amendments on con to private bills, 148. 692, 695, n., 837 ;
sideration), 833; (Lords Amendments), where bills have been suspended till
836; of private (local) bills in the Lords another session, 837; private bills
(as amended in committee), 855; (of divided under standing orders into two
subsequent proposed amendments), ib.; classes, 692.
of public and private Acts, 515. 909, II. Preliminaries to Introduction.-
et seq.

Preparation of Bills, 694; the Clauses
Prisons, Keepers of; to bring up wit Acts, ib.; the “Model Bill," ib. ; re-
nesses in their custody, 425.

quirements of standing orders, 694;
Private Bill Office (House of Com. private bills, except in some urgent
mons); and Parliamentary agents, 710. cases, solicited by petition, 672. 693.722.
711 ; register of private bill proceedings, Petitions for bills deposited in Com-
714; general list of petitions for bills, mons, 693; deposit of petition in the
697 ; presentation of bill, 716; cus case of London County Council bills, ib.;
tody, examination, &c., of bills, 728. and late bills, 722. 840; the general list
830. 835; entry of Appearances, 699. of petitions for bills, 696 ; petitions for
710. 787.

personal bills (Lords), 856; deposit in
Deposit in Private Bill Office of the Lords of all bills, 693. 840.
petition for bill, 693; of memorials, Proof before Examiners of compliance
697. 701; of petitions against private with standing orders before introduction
or provisional order bills, 757 ; of other of bill, 694, et seq. ; bills divided for
petitions relating to private bills, 698. introduction into one or other house,
721. 722; of orders under the Private 705. 709: bills formerly introduced
Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Act, chiefly in Commons, 708; relaxation of
897.904.

Commons' privileges regarding charges,
Notice given to Private Bill Office, ib., 839 ; bills now originate equally in
of examination of petitions or bills, 698. the two houses, 709. 839.
725. 729 ; of second reading of private III. Proceedings in the Commons-
bill, 728; of meeting of committees, Private Business, time of its considera-
752–3. 832; of the consideration by tion by the house, 233. 234. 713. 714;
committees of later bills in a group, notices of motions, 713; what to be
788; of consideration of private bill in deemed private business, 714. 726–7.
the house, 833; of proposed amend 739; opposed private business, 234. 235.
ments, 833; of third reading of private 714. 730. 834; days upon which it can-
bill, 835; of consideration of Lords not be set down, 235; and motions con-
amendments, 836.

tingent on opposed private business,
Private Bills :

236; conduct of private bills by mem-
I. Generally.-Origin of private bills, bers, 714; “Register " of proceedings
459. 523. 685; distinctive character,

on bill, 714.
672 ; difficulty of determining, in some Private bill presented, 715–16; ordi-
cases, whether bill should be public or nary rules for presentation, ib., 721;
private, ib., 681 ; objections to a private exceptions (London County Council
bill as being of a public nature, 672. bills), 721; (urgent bills), 722; (late
675. 679. 680. 682; to public bills as bills), ib. ; (bills introduced in lieu of
more properly private, 672; bills illus others withdrawn), 729; bill to be
trating distinction between public and printed before presentation, 723; first
private, 673-682; the semi-judicial treat reading, ib.; ordered to be read a
ment by Parliament of private bills, second time or referred to Examiners,
686-8; members pecuniarily or locally ib. ; Lords' bills, London County Council
interested in bills, 375. 378. 747. 756. bills, and bills under the “Wharncliffe "
829. 846; enforcement of pledges in the orders and under standing orders, 61.
promotion of bills, 688. 817; where 67. and 68, so referred, 723-4; petition:
general Acts have rendered private bills for additional provision in bill, 725. 817;
unnecessary, 689. 690. 863; repeal of where proposed provisions are considered
public Acts by private bills, 683 ; super in committee of whole house, 726

Private Bills-continued.

Private Bills-continued.
interval and proceedings between first standi, 769, 782-7; exception taken to
and second reading of bill, 728; notice referees' decision, 785; jurisdiction of
of second reading, ib.

referees superseded, 786; petitions
Second reailing (in Commons), 729; specially referred to committee by the
when opposed, 235, 236. 729. 730; In house, 787.
structions, 731-744; Mandatory Instruc-

Committees (Commons) on opposed
tions, 731-4. 481; ruled out of order, bills, 746 ; constituted by the Committee
731, n.; given or moved to insert of Selection and the General Committee
clauses), 732; (to omit clauses), 733; on railway bills, ib. 747. 749; members
(to inquire into particular matters), ib.; refusing to serve, 748 ; declarations,
(injury to scenery), 734; (to report bill 747. 755; quorum, 756, 828; attend-
by a given date), 828, n. Permissive In ance of members, 756; when chairman
structions, 735–7; empowering a com absent, 757 ; absence of other members,
mittee (to inquire or report), 735; (to 756 ; adjournidents of committee, 828 ;
make certain provision in bill), ib., 736; committees revived, ib.; general proceed-
(to report on particular points), 737; in ing; of committees on groups of opposed
structions to divide or consolidate bills, bills, 806, et sey. ; committee to consider
744 ; other instruction, ib., 737, et seq.; first the first bill in group, 788; to
instructions should not raise questions of appoint day for considering the later
public policy or general law, 737-9; or bills, ib.; parties appear before con-
questions outside the bill, 739-742; mitte, 806; as to Appearances on peti-
should be practicable, 743; and defi. tions, 787. 788-9. 806–7; case opened,
nite, ib.

808 ; counsel before committees, 808, et
Commitment of bill, 744-6 ; interval seq.; as to preliminary objections, 809;
and proceedings between second reading proceedings on preamble, 809; where
and first sitting of committee, 749; there are competing bills, 813; hearing
notice to be given of meeting of com of petitioners, 758. 810-11; witnesses
mittee, 752 ; “ filled-up” bill to be before private bill committees, 825;
deposited, 753; amendments in the examined on oath, ib.; cross-examina-
“filled-up” bill, 753-5.

tion, 809-813; witnesses from Govern.
Committee on unopposed bills, 746-7; ment departments, 815; question put on
proceedings of, 789, 790. 807, n.; op preamble, 813; preamble proved, 814;
posed bills becoming unopposed, 788-9; consideration of clauses, 815; preamble
where unopposed bills are treated as not proved, 818; preamble amended,
opposed, ib. 790. 807, n.; opposed bills, 820; costs, 820-823.
how defined, 747.

Proceedings of all ordinary private
Petitions against bills, 757-9; how bill committees (opposed or unopposed
and when deposited, 757 ; withdrawn, bills), 790, et seq.; "tilled-up” bill to be
ib. ; late petitions, 759 ; rules as to laid before committee, 788; reports from
petitions against bills, 759. 782. 788; public departments, evidence before
as to hearing of petitioners, 758. 811; former committees, and other docu-
Locus Standi of petitioners, 760-787. ments, referred, 791 ; questions, how
752; the Referees, 760; their appoint-| decided, 791 ; chairman's second or
ment and duties, 760–1; rules of pro casting vote, ib.; names of members
cedure, and practice of referees, 761-3. recorded, ib.; notice to be given of
784. 808; standing orders relating to committee's adjournment, 828; where
locus standi. 775-7; reports of cases special leave given to a committee
before referees, 763; Locus Standi to sit, ib. 831, n.; compliance with
(landowners), 762-5; (associations), 767; certain standing orders, only, proved
(conservators of commons), 776; before committee, 792 ; standing orders
(county councils), 776-7; (frontagers), to be observed on railway and other
774; (gas consumers), 777; (inhabi particular kinds of bills, 792-804; duties
tants), 775; (local anthorities), 775-7; of chairman and of committee in re-
(railway companies), 764-6.772-4;(rate porting bills, 823-4; power of committee
payers), 779; (shareholders), 778-9 ; over preamble, 790. 809 ; and difference
(traders), 767 ; (amalgamation), 772; in this respect between committees on
(competition), 773; (contingent damage), private and on public bills, 469, n.,
768; (informal petitions), 782; (Lords' | 484. 729.
bills), 781; (tramway bills), 774. 777 ; Exceptional committees appointed on
(water), 771. 777; other cases of locus private bills, 750, et seq.; departures

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