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· P. 261
p. 262 p. 264 P. 266 P. 268
Essay X VIL To the same . p. 241 XVII. Versification .
P. 339 Xin To the sune p. 242 XIX. Schools of Music
P. 341 XX To the anne
P. 343 c From Lien Chi Altangi to Hingpo, by xxi. On the Tenants of the Leasowes. p. 344 the way of Moscow
. p. 245
p. 3.46 CL. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, XXIII. Scottish Marriages
P. 347 First President of the Ceremonial Academy at Pekin in China
. p. 246 CIL To the same
· P. 247 au From Lien Chi Altangi to – Mer
THE BEE: chant in Amsterdam
p. 248 Cv. From Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam, A SELECT COLLECTION OF ESSAYS ON THE MOST
INTERESTING AND ENTERTAINING SUBJECTS. Firit President of the Ceremonial Academy at Pekin in China
No. 70. To the same
• p. 250
1. Saturday, October 6, 1759 . P. 353 01. To the same
On . p. 252
beautiful Youth struck blind LVII To the same
with Lightning Imitated from the
· P. 253 (Mil To the same
P. 355 CIX To the same
p. 355 To the same
The Story of Alcander and Septimius. CL To the same
• p. 259
Translated from a Byzantine HistoCU "To the same
p. 357 * Om To the same
"A Letter from a Traveller
P. 359 w To the same
A short Account of the late Mr. MauIT To the saine
p. 360 CIL To the saine T! To the same
On Dress p. 269
· P. 360 CIVIIL From Fum Hoam to Lien Chi Aliangi,
Soine Particulars relative to Charles XII. the Discontented Wanderer, by the way
not commonly known
· P. 363 of Muscow
Happiness in a great measure dependent CIIX. Fron Lien Chi Altangi to Fum Hoam,
P. 365 First President of the Ceremonial Aca
On our Theatres demy at Pekin in China
II. Saturday, October 20, 1759.
On the Use of Language
P. 368 CXXI. To the same
The History of Hypatia p. 275
p. 370 QXL 1'o the same
On Justice and Generosity. p. 372 CXXUL To the same
Some Particulars relating to Father
p. 374 IV. Saturday, October 27, 1759. Miscellaneous
p. 374 ESSAYS.
A Flemish Tradition :
P. 376 The Sagacity of some Insects
p. 378 Preface
The Characteristics of Greatness. p. 3o
· P. 28.4
· P. 381 11. Specimen of a Magazine in Minia v. Saturday, November 3, 1759.ture
Upon Political Frugality ITL Asero, in Eastern Tale; ora Vindication
JA Reverie of the Wisdom of Providence in the Moral
A Word or two on the late Farce called Government of the World .
“High Life below Stairs "
P. 390 iv. On the English Clergy and popular Upon Unfortunate Merit
· P. 391 Preachers
VI. Saturday, November 10, 1759.r. A Reverie at the Boar's Head Tavern, On Education
P. 295 On the Instability or worldly Gran71. Adventures of a strolling Player . P. 302
deur VII. Rules enjoined to be observed at a
Some Account of the Academies of Russian Assembly.
. P. 399 Vih. Begraphical Memoir, supposed to be VII. Saturday, November 17, 1759. — written by the Ordinary of New
P. 400 · P. 307
Custom and Laws compared P. 404 ix. National Concord :
· P. 308
Of the Pride and Luxury of the Middling X. Female Warriors
· P. 405 xi. National Prejudices
· P. 311
Sabinus and Olinda XII. Taste
· P. 313
The Sentiments of a Frenchman on the X111. Cultivation of Taste
p. 407 xiv. Origin of Poetry
P. 321 VIII. Saturday, November 24, 1759.xv. Poetry distinguished from other Writ.
On Deceit and Falsehood ing
An Account of the Augustan Age of XVI. Metaphor
. p. 411 xvn. Hyperbole
or the Opera in England . P. 415
• P. 278
· P. 288
· P. 289
P. 680 • P. 681
• P. 6
JAN INQUIRY INTO THE PRESENT MISCELLANEOUS POEMS.
Prologue. Written and spoken by the Poe' сар.
Laberius, a Roman Knight whom Cæsa Introduction
p. 419 1. The Causes which contribute to the
furced upon the Stage.- Preserved by Ma
crobius. Decline of Learning.
p. 679 p. 419 The Double Transformation. A Tale : II. A View of the Obscure Ages
P. 679 P. 423 A New Simile. In the manner of Swift 111. Of the present State of Polite Learning Description of an Author's Bedchamber in Italy
P. 424 Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog. iv. Of Polite Learning in Germany : P 426 Stanzas on Woman v. Or Polite Learning in Holland and The Gift. To Iris, in Bow-street, Covent-garden.
some other Countries of Europe . p. 427 Imitated from the French vi. Or Polite Learning in France. · P. 429 Epitaph. On Thomas Parnell VII. Of Learning in Great Briiain .
p. 432 Epilogue to “The Sister." Spoken by Ms vii. Of rewarding Genius in England. p. 433 Bulkley
P. 653 ix. Of the Marks of Literary Decay in Intended Epilogue to "She Stoops to con France and England .
P. 437 quer" X. Of the Stage
p. 440 Another intended Epilogue to she stoops to XI. On Universities
p. 442 Conquer.” To be spoken by Mrs. Bulk XII. The Conclusion
P. 444 ley
From the Oratorio of "The Captivity"
The Clown's Reply THE LIFE OF LORD BOLINGBROKE.
P. 447 Epitaph on Edward Purdon THE LIFE OF DR. PARNELL .
p. 473 An Elegy on that Glory of her Sex, Mrs. Maars MEMOIRS OF M. DE VOLTAIRE P. 407! Blaize
p. 6; THE LIFE OF RICHARD NASH, Esq. · P. 513 | Song : intended to have been sung by Miss Harda
castle in the Comedy of She Stoops to Con POEMS.
Prologue to “Zobeide," a Tragedy. Spoken by THE TRAVELLER; or, a Prospect of Society p. 571 Mr. Quick in the character of a Sailor, p. THE DESERTED VILLAGE.
· P. 580 | Epilogue. Spoken by Mr. Lee Lewes, in the ! THE HERMIT: a Ballad
p. 59 character of Harlequin, at his Benefit THE HAUNCH OF VENISON. A Poetical Epistle The Logicians refuted. In imitation of Dean to Lord Clare
Swift RETALIATION: a Poein
· p. 594 Stanzas on the Taking of Quebec, and Death o'. THE CAPTIVITY. An Oratorio
· P. 599
Epigram on a beautiful Youth struck bind tsa DRAMAS,
A Madrigal. THE GOOD-NATURED Man; a Comedy · p. 602 Verses in reply to an Invitation to Dinner si SHE STOOTS TO CONQUER; or, the Mistakes of Dr. Baker's. a Night. A Comedy.
p. 643 Threnodia Augustalis
P. 060 P. 68
P. 657 P. 6
INDEX OF FIRST LINES TO SMALLER POEMS.
• P. 65 · P. 68 : P. 68;
way left to shun th' inglorious O Memory, thou fond deceiver stage
p. 679 John Trot was desired by two witty peers p. (8 Secluded from domestic strife
p. 679 Here
lies poor Ned Purdon, from misery Long had I sought in vain to find
freed Where the Red Lion, flaring o'er the way p. 681 Good people'ail, with one accord Good people all, of every sort
p. 681 Ah me! when shall I marry me? When lovely Woman stoops to folly
In these bold times, when Learning's Say, cruel Iris, pretty rake.
explore . This tomb,
inscribed gentle Parnell's Hold, Prompter, hold! a word before your nonWhat? five long acts-and all to make us Logicians have but ill defined wiser !
p. 683 Amidst the clamour of exulting joys Mrs. Bul. Hold, Ma'am, your pardon. What's Sure 'twas by Providence designed your business here?
· P. 684 Weeping, murmuring, complaining . There is a place, so Ariosto sings
p. 686 Your mandate I got The wretch condemned with life to part p. 686 | Arisc, ye sons of worth, arise.
MEMOIR OF GOLDSMITH.
The Life of Oliver Goldsmith by Mr. (now Sir James) Prior, published in 1837, in two volumes 8vo, was the first really careful biography of a writer who had already for seventy years been among the most popular and fascinating of our English classics. To the results of Mr. Prior's researches it can hardly be said that there has been any material addition. Mr. John Forster's well known Life and Adventures of Oiner Geldsmith, published in 1848, superseded, however, for most purposes, the work of Mr. Prior, and, from its greater vivacity and its abundant deliciousness of literary anecdote, will probably remain the standard biography of Goldsmith to all time coming. Washington Irving's Oliver Goldsmith: A Biography, published in 1849, * 25 avowedly a compilation from Prior and Forster, but has an independent interest, 2 the work of one who delighted, all his life, in acknowledging Goldsmith as his Literary master, and has been named, in consequence, “The American Goldsmith.” Of smaller Memoirs of Goldsmith the number is past counting. Perhaps, therefore, no bettex reason can be given for here adding one more than that it will be convenient for possessors of this edition of Goldsmith's Works to have some account of the 3 uthor bound up with it.
Oliver Goldsmith was born, on the 10th of November, 1728, at the obscure, and then almost inaccessible, village of Pallas, or Pallasmore, in the county of Lungford
, in the very midmost solitude of Ireland. His father, the Rev. Charles Goldsmith, was the poor Protestant clergyman of that Irish parish. He was one of a family of Goldsmiths, noted for worth and goodness of heart rather than , worldly prudence, who were originally from the South of England, and in whom, since their first coming to Ireland, the clerical profession, in its Protestant form, had
Goldsmith's mother, Ann Jones, was also of a clerical and Protestant family that had been naturalized in Ireland. She was one of the daughters of the Rev. Oliver Jones, master of the diocesan school of Elphin in
Roscommon. From this maternal grandfather young Oliver derived his Christian name. He used afterwards to maintain, however, that it had come into the line of his maternal ancestry through some connexion with Oliver Cromwell.
Four children, three of them daughters, and one a son, named Henry, had been bor to the clergyman of Pallasmore and his wise before the appearance of the
ben almost hereditary.
“ Oliver” that was to make them famous; and the family was ultimately completed by the birth of three sons younger than Oliver, named Maurice, Charles, and John. The eldest of this family of eight (a daughter), and this last-named John, died in childhood. Effectively, therefore, Oliver grew up as one of a family of six, three of whom were older, and two younger, than himself.
1 A native of the rural heart of Ireland, Goldsmith, till his seventeenth year, received his entire education, whether of scenery and circumstance, or of more formal schooling, within the limits of that little-visited region. Not, however, without some changes of spot and society within those limits. In 1730, while he was yet but an infant, his father, after having been about twelve years minister of Pallas, removed to the better living of Kilkenny West, a parish some miles south of Pallas, 1: and situated not in the county of Longford, but in the adjacent county of West Meath. Thenceforward, accordingly, the head-quarters of the family were no longer at Pallas, but at Lissoy, a quaint Irish village within the bounds of the new parish. Here, in a pretty and rather commodious parsonage-house, on the verge of the village, and on the road between Athlone and Ballymahon, the good clergyman set himself to bring up his children on his paltry clerical income, eked out by the farming of some seventy acres of land. He was himself a mild eccentric of the Dr. Primrose type, kindly to all about him, and of pious, confused ways. But the immortal oddity of Lissoy, and the incarnation of all that had been peculiar for some generations in the race of the Goldsmiths, was the parson's young son, Oliver. In book-learning, for one thing, he was, from the first, a little blockhead. “Never was so dull a boy” was the report of a kinswoman, who, having lived in the Lissoy household, had been the first to try to teach him his letters, and who afterwards, under her married name of Elizabeth Delap, kept a small school at Lissoy, and survived to be proud of her pupil, and to talk of him in her extreme old age, after he was dead. Hardly different seems to have been the report of the Lissoy schoolmaster, Thomas Byrne, more familiarly known as “Paddy Byrne,”- -a veteran who had returned to his original vocation of teaching after having served in the wars under Marlborough and risen to the rank of quartermaster to a regiment in Spain. And yet of this “ Paddy Byrne ” Goldsmith seems to have retained to the last an affectionate recollection :
A man severe he was, and stern to view;
Better than all, he had a stock of tales, not only of his own campaigning adventures, but also from old Irish ballads, chap-books, and fairy lore, and a knack
of rersifying, which he was fond of exercising in the form of extempore Irish i traa-lations from Virgil. From this “Paddy Byrne,” in short, if from any one, Golismith caught his first notions, of literary invention and rhyming. But the poor Ittle fellow was always unfortunate. Hardly had he become aware of the wealth that was in Paddy Byrne, and hardly had Paddy Byrne had time to discern the spark of genius that lay somewhere in his awkward little pupil, when the two were separated. The boy was not more than nine years of age when an attack of confluent small-pox stopped his attendance, at Lissoy school ; and, when he recovered, it was with his naturally plain face disfigured into such a grotesque of
ugliness that it was difficult to look at him without laughing. Whether to get i him out of sight for a time, or because better instruction than Paddy Byrne's was - now thought necessary for him, he was sent away from Lissoy to Elphin, a distance
of about thirty miles. The purpose was that he should attend the school at Elphin which had formerly been taught by his grandfather, the Rev. Oliver Jones, but wis now under the care of a Rev. Mr. Griffin. For about two years, accordingly, he did attend this school, boarding all the while with his uncle, Mr. John Goldsuith of Ballyoughter, who lived near Elphin. But in 1739, when he was eleven years old, he was brought back to a school of some reputation nearer home-one which had been set up in Athlone, about five miles from Lissoy, by a Rev. Mr. Campbell. Two years here, and four years more at the school of a Rev. Patrick Flughes at Edgeworthstown, county Longford, some seventeen miles from Lissoy, completed his school education and brought him to his seventeenth year.
The accounts of young Goldsmith during this time when he was tossed about from school to school in his native part of Ireland, generally coming home to Lissoy and its neighbourhood for the holidays, correspond singularly with what he was all through life. At every school we hear of him as a shy, thick, awkward boy, the constant butt of his companions because of his comically ugly face, and thought by most of them to be "little better than a fool.” And yet everywhere there seems to have been a liking for him as an innocent simple-hearted fellow, who, though sensitive to the jokes made at his expense, and liable to fits of the sulks on account of them, would be all right again on the least beckoning of kindliness, and capital company in the playground at fives or ball with those who had been his tormentors. Of his success in school-work we hear little. We are to suppose him gradually getting on in Latin and other things in preparation for the University; and something is said as to his fondness for Ovid and Horace, his peculiar delight in Livy, his liking for Tacitus after a while, and his little care for Cicero. There are hints also to the effect that he excelled in the style of his translations, and that he had more credit for talent with the masters than among the boys. On the * whole, Johnson's often-quoted saying about Goldsmith, “He was a plant that
flowered late : there was nothing remarkable about him when young," seems true only in a very obvious and rough sense. The “flower” of Goldsmith was the