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Page 46

Proposition to place Mr. Bell at the head of the “ United Opposition"-His Birth and

Education-Admitted to the Bar when Nineteen Years old-Enters into Public Life,

and is elected to the State Senate-Retires for Nine Years to his Profession-Elected

to Congress over Felix Grundy in the Election of 1827--Congressional Career-Enters

Public Life friendly to General Jackson and John C. Calhoun-Differs with the Bank

Policy of the one and the Nullification Doctrine of the other-Alienation from the.

Jacksou Democracy-Elected Speaker over James K. Polk-Opposes Mr. Van Buren

– Declares in favor of Judge White for the Presidency-Carries the “ Hermitage

District”-In favor of Receiving Petitions for the Abolition of Slavery in the Dis-
trict of Columbia-Secretary of War in Harrison's Cabinet-Resignation-In Stato
Senate-In United States Senate-Favors Compromise Measures-Opposes Nebraska-
Kansas Bill-On Territorial Expansion-Improvement of Mississippi River-Increas-
ing Prominence of Mr. Bell-Refuses to be instructed by the Tennessee Legislature
--Position in the great “Lecompton” Debate-Minnesota Bill— Against the Utah
Policy of the Buchanan Administration-Elaborate Argument on the Fifteen-Million-
Loan Bill-In favor of Ten New Steamships and a Pacific Railroad-On Agricultu-
ral Colleges--“National Intelligencer” on Mr. Bell's Career.



Birth-Loses his Parents-- Education-Licensed to practise Law after Six Weeks'

Study-Becomes a Farmer-Anti-Jackson Man-Elected to the State Legislature-

Elected to Congress in 1839—Again in 1841-Reapportionment of the Districts-

Arduous Canvass-Defeated, and contests the Seat in Congress with John W. Jones

-Election of Jones to the Speakership—Action of the House on Mr. Botts's Claim

Carries bis District for Henry Clay-Apathy of the Whigs and Triumph of the Demo-

cracy-Mr. Botts again nominated, and defeated by Mr. Seldon-Re-elected in 1847

by a large Majority-Adheres to Clay in 1848, until the Aetion of the Philadelphia

Convention-Supports General Taylor for the Presidency-Effect of his Speech-

Defeated for Congress-Declines Nomination in 1851--Advocates the Repeal of the

“Twenty-First Rule”-Defence of John Quincy Adams, and Disruption with Presi-

dent Tyler-Invitation to New Jersey-Banquet Speech-Writes against the Ne-

braska-Kansas Bill, and emphatically refuses to adopt the views of Southern

Members of Congress-Wise's Proposal to hang him-Speech in the African Church

in Richmond-History of the Missouri Compromise-Vote on that Measure in the

Senate and House The American Party recommend Mr. Botts for the Presidency in

1856—Address in the Academy of Music, New York-Review of the Measures of the

Buchanan Administration--The American Order-Protection to Naturalized Citizens

- Recommended as Opposition Candidate for the Presidency in 1860.

Whig Party-Sympathy for Douglas in the great Illinois Contest with the Repub-
licans-Speech on the Removal of the Senate into the New Chamber-Elected United
States Senator to succeed John J. Crittenden in 1862.


.........Page 114

His Birth, Parentage, and Education-At the Bar-Solicitor-General of the Western

District of Georgia-Georgia Bar in those Days—Sides with Jackson against Nulli-

fication-Elected to Congress-Re-elected-Supplies Drumgoole's place as Parlia-

mentary Leader of the Democracy-Vinton, Stephens, Schenck, and Hudson, Whig

Leaders—Speech against the Reception of Petitions—Southern Whigs responsible

for the Growth of Northern Abolition-Free Trade-Texas Annexation-Speech on

the Mexican War-Vindicates Jefferson's Doctrines against the Federalists—Meeting

of Southern Members, and Issue of an Address—Mr. Cobb does not sign it-Issues

a Counter-Address, with Messrs. Lumpkin, of Georgia, and Boyd and Clarke, of

Kentucky-Why he did not Sign the Calhoun Address—Tribute to the Northern

Democracy-General Taylor elected-Cobb in the Opposition-Thirty-First Congress

-State of Parties in the House-Exciting Election of Speaker— The Candidates-

Combinations-Discoveries of Correspondence between Mr. Brown, of Indiana, and

Mr. Wilmot, of Pennsylvania-Election of Mr. Cobb, by Plurality Rule, over Mr.

Winthrop-Duties as Speaker-Longest Congressional Session-His Labors in favor

of the Compromise Measures of 1850—Elected Governor of Georgia—Returns to his

Profession-Supports General Pierce-Re-elected to Congress-Endorses Mr. Bucha-

nan-Great Speech at West Chester, Pennsylvania—“ Southern Doctrine" and

“ Squatter Sovereignty”—The People of a Territory decide the Slavery Question for

themselves-In the Buchanan Cabinet-On the Slave Trade-Lafitte & Co., of

Charleston, and the Ship “Richard Cobden”-Heads of the Treasury Department-

Secretary Cobb's Visit to New York.


Episode in the Lecompton Debate- Appearance of Senator Crittenden-Interest felt in

him-Reply to Senator Green, of Missouri--The School in which he studied The

Oldest Senator in the Chamber-His Contemporaries—His Birth and Youth-Prac-

tises Law in Russellville—Volunteers for the War of 1812—Actively participates in

the Movements on the Wabash and Northwestern Frontier-Aide-de-Camp to Gover-

nor Shelby at the Battle of the Thames—Mentioned by General Harrison-Returns

to his Profession-In the State Legislature-Speaker-Elected to the United States

Senate-Moves the Reimbursement of Fines under the Sedition Law-Other Measures

-Moves to Frankfort, and practises Law from 1819 to 1835—Nominated by President

Quincy Adams to the United States Supreme Court-Rejected by Senate-Re-elected

to United States Senate-Opposes Calhoun and the Remission of the Jackson Fine-

Aliens and the Public Lands—Resigns the Senatorship to enter the Cabinet of Pre.

sident Ilarrison-Resigns on the Death of the President-Re-elected to fill Clay's

Unexpired Term-Continued in the United States Senate-Views on the Oregon,

Texas, and Mexican-War Questions—Relief for the Irish Famine—Congratulates the

French Republic-Yucatan-In Fillmore's Cabinet- Again in the United States

Senate-Opposes the Lecompton Constitution as a Southern-Rights Man-Scene in

the Senate—Reply to Senator Toombs—"Crittenden-Montgomery Bill” compared

with the Senate Bill-Action on the Measures—Passage of the “ English Bill”-

Desires to increase the Duties of the Tariff of 1857-On the Minnesota Senatorship-

British Aggressions, and General William Walker's Arrest by Commodore Paulding

--General Review of Senator Crittenden's Opinions-French Spoliations--Slidell's

Cuba Bill—Railroad Improvements-Speech on the Removal of the Senate to the

New Chamber-Union Speech at Chicago Presides at the Formation of the new

Union Party-Reasons for it.



Ilis Father Secretary of the Treasury and War of the Federal Republic—His Relation-

ship to Lord Byron-Born in Philadelphia-Education Studies Law-Volunteers

for the War of 1812—Accompanies Albert Gallatin, as Secretary, to St. Petersburg-

Sent to London with Despatches by J. Q. Adams, United States Minister to Russia-

Ghent–Travels in Europe-Bears Confidential Despatches to President Madison-

Bladensburg and Washington--Dismay and Pillage–The President and the De

spatches-Receives an Office in the Treasury-Returns to Philadelphia and the Law

--Taste for Politics---First Speech and its Results-First Solicitor of the Bank of the

United States--Deputy Attorney-General of Philadelphia-Chosen by Governor Find-

lay to defend him-Proposes Calhoun for the Vice-Presidency-Exertions in Behalf

of Jackson-Mayor of Philadelphia-District Attorney--Elected to the United States

Senate-Webster and Clay- Introduces the Memorial for the Renewal of the Bank

Charter, but will not advocate it- Exertions in Behalf of his Friend Edward Livings-

ton-Tarifl-Nullification-Relations with General Jackson-Retires to his Profes-

sion-Governor Wolff appoints him Attorney-General-President Van Buren appoints

him Minister Plenipotentiary to St. Petersburg-Returns, and declines a Cabinet

Position-Elected Vice-President-lis Influence on the Texas, Oregon-Boundary,

and Tariff Questions—Imposing Scene on the Passage of the Tariff Act of 1846— His

Firmness—The Result-Directs Attention to a Tehuantepec Transit-Polk and

Buchanan on that Subject-Sympathy with Irish Revolutionists in 1848–Succeeds

Mr. Buchanan as Minister to England-Complications—Dallas-Clarendon Treaty-

Resolutions of the Philadelphia Democracy nominating Mr. Dallas for the Presidency

in 1855.

United States Senate-Prominent Southern States-Rights Leader-On Compromise
Measures and Rights of Slavery in the Territories—Territorial Legislatures should
protect all kinds of Property-Re-elected, but resigns to contest the Governorship
with Foote-His Defeat claimed as a Victory-In Retirement until 1852—Advocates
the Claims of Pierce-Secretary of War in the Pierce Cabinet-Useful Measures
projected by him-Re-elected to the United States Senate-Speeches at Vicksburg,
Jackson, Pass Christian, and Mississippi City-Compromise Measures—“Know-
Nothingism”-Cuba, General Walker, and an American Policy-In the Thirty-Fifth
Congress-Free Trade, Army Increase, and Repeal of the Fishing-Bounties—On the
Death of General Pinckney Henderson-Favors Lecompton-Visit to the North-His
Reception and Speeches in Maine, Massachusetts, and New York-Every Community
has the Right to choose its own Institutions-On the Pacific Railroad and French
Spoliations—Letter to the Webster Festival in Boston-Speech at Jackson City on
the Contingency for a Dissolution-On the Slave-Trade-Senator Davis in the Cham-
ber-What Quincy Adams said of his Début.


.Page 181

His Ancestors-Birth, Education, and Study for the Law-Peter D. Vroom, a Jackson

Democrat, his Pupil—Dayton a Whig-Democrats decline and Whigs rise-Dayton

elected to the Legislative Council-Governor Pennington-Reform of the County

Courts—Elected a Judge of the Supreme Court-After three years, returns to the

Bar-Appointed by Governor Pennington to fill a Vacancy in the United States

Senate-Elected by the Legislature-Nine Years in the Senate-Supports the Tariff

of 1842 and the Ashburton Treaty-On Judiciary Committee-Effect of Repudiation

of State Debts on Federal Credit-President Tyler fails to negotiate a Loan in Europe

-Senator Dayton's Vindication of Federal Credit--Condenins the President's Propo-

sition-Reduced Postage and Free Circulation of Documents to Editors-Opposed in

every way to the Instruction of Members of Congress by State Legislatures—On the

Oregon-Boundary Question-Protective Tariff-Replies to Woodbury and Silas

Wright-Opposed to Texas Annexation and Secretary Walker's Non-Protective

Tariff.of 1846—— Against the Mexican War, but votes Supplies—Favors the Wilmot

Proviso, but disclaims Invasion of Southern Rights-Reply to Webster on the Mexi-

can Treaty-On the Clayton Compromise- Fraternity between North and South-

Petitions for Dissolution-Grinnell Expedition-- First Session under Taylor's Admi-

nistration-Clay brings in the Compromise Resolutions Admission of California,

Fugitive Slave Law-Webster's Amendment pot taken up—The Constitution and

Slavery-Extension-New Mexico and Utah-Nominated for Vice-President-Attor-

ney-General of New Jersey-Declines the United States Senatorship-Frémont and

Fillmore Parties unite in New Jersey-Dayton aids the Combination.

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