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CONTENTS.

256

284

Page

Page

INTRODUCTORY MEMOIR

ix-liii

Epistle III. (to Lord Bathurst): of the

PREFACE

I

use of Riches

244

JUVENILE POEMS

7 Epistle IV. (to the Earl of Burlington):

Pastorals

9

of the use of Riches.

A Discourse on Pastoral Poetry

IO Epistle V. (to Mr Addison. Occasioned

Spring

13

by his Dialogues on Medals) 263

Summer

17

SATIRES

267

Autumn

19 Epistle to Dr Arbuthnst, being the Pro-

Winter

logue to the Satires.

270

Messiah

26 Satires and Epistles of Horace Imitated

Windsor Forest

The First Satire of the Second Book 286

Odes

41 The Second Satire of the Second Book

• 290

Ode for Music on St Cecilia's Day 41 The First Epistle of the First Book

295

Two Chorus's to the Tragedy of Brutus . 43 The Sixth Epistle of the First Book

Ode on Solitude

• 300

45

The First Epistle of the Second Book

303

The Dying Christian to his soul

46

The Second Epistle of the Second Book 316

Essay on Criticism

47 Satires of Dr Donne Versified

324

The Rape of the Lock

69 Satire II.

• 325

Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate

Satire IV.

328

Lady

90

Epilogue to the Satires in Two Dialogues : 334

Prologue to Mi Addison's Tragedy of

Dialogue I.

334

Cato

92 - Dialogue II.

339

Epilogue to Mr Rowe's Jane Shore

94 The DUNCIAD

347

TRANSLATIONS AND IMITATIONS

97

Preface (1727)

352

Sappho to Phaon

99

Advertisement (1729)

354

Eloisa to Abelard

104 A Letter to the Publisher

355

The Temple of Fame

113

Advertisement (1742)

359

January and May

Advertisement (1743)

360

The Wife of Bath

144 Advertisement (Printed in the Journals,

The First Book of Statius his Thebais

• 153

1730)

The Fable of Dryope

171

Martinus Scriblerus of the Poem

Vertumnus and Pomona

· 173 By Authority

363

Imitations of English Poets

176 The Dunciad : Book i.

364

Chaucer

177

Book II.

377

Spenser (The Alley)

177

Book III.

391

Waller

179

Book IV.

403

(Of a Lady singing to her Lute)

• 179 Imitations

424

On a Fan of the Author's Design) 179

By the Author: a Declaration

430

Cowley

180 A List of Books, Papers and Verses, &c. 431

(The Garden)

180 Index of Persons celebrated in this Poem

433

(Weeping)

180 Index of Matters contained in this Poem

Earl of Rochester (on Silence)

181

and Notes

434

Earl of Dorset

183 MISCELLANEOUS Pieces in Verse

439

(Artemisia)

:

183 Imitations of Horace

441

(Phryne)

183 Book I. Epistle VII.

Dr Swift (The Happy Life of a Country

441

Book II. Satire VI.

442

Parson)

184 Book IV. Ode I.

MORAL ESSAYS

185

Part of the Ninth ode of the fourth Book 445

Essay on Man

191 Epistles

447

Epistle I. -

1934 To Robert Earl of Oxford

447

Epistle II.

To James Craggs, Esq.

448

Epistle III.

208 To Mr Jervas, with Mr Dryden's Trans-

Epistle IV.

lation of Fresnoy's Art of Painting

The Universal Prayer

449

226

To Miss Blount, with the Works of

Moral Essays in Four Epistles to several

Voiture

451

Persons

228 To the same, on her leaving the Town

Epistle I. (to Lord Cobham): of the

after the Coronation

453

Knowledge and Charactèrs of Men 228 On Receiving from the Right' Hon, the

Epistle II. (to a Lady): of the Charac-

Lady Frances Shirley, a Standish and

ters of Women

two Pens

454

.

200

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456

.

461

Page

Epitaphs

Page

455

Imitation of Tibullus .

1. On Charles Earl of Dorset

484

456

Epitaphs on John Hughes and Sarah

II. On Sir William Trumbal

Drew

III. On the Hon. Simon Harcourt

484

457

On the Countess of Burlington cutting

IV. On James Craggs, Esq.

457 Paper

V. Intended for Mr Rowe

485

457 On a Picture of Queen Caroline

VI. On Mrs Corbet

The Looking-Glass: on Mrs. Pulteney

VII. On the Monument of the Hon. On certain Ladies

Robert Digby and of his sister

Celia

Mary

Epigram, engraved on the Collar of a Dog

VIII. On Sir Godfrey Kneller

459 which I gave to H.R.H.

IX. On General Henry Withers

487

459 Lines sung by Durastanti

487

X. On Mr Elijah Fenton

460 On his Grotto at Twickenham

XI. On Mr Gay

487

460

Verses to Mr. C.

XII. Intended for Sir Isaac Newton

461

To Mr Gay, who had congratulated mi

XIII. On Dr Francis Atterbury

Pope on finishing his House and Gardens 488

XIV, On Edmund D. of Buckingham

462 Upon the Duke of Marlborough's House

XV. For one who would not be buried in

at Woodstock .

Westminster Abbey

488

462 On Beaufort House Gate at Chiswick

489

Another, on the same

462 Lines to Lord Bathurst

Miscellaneous

489

463 Inscription on a Punch-Bowl

490

A Paraphrase on Thomas à Kempis 463

Verbatim from Boileau

490

To the Author of a Poem entitled Successio 464 Epigram (My Lord complains, &c.)

491

Argus .

464 Epigram (Yes, 'tis the time, &c.)

Imitation of Martial

491

465

Occasioned by reading the Travels of

Occasioned by some Verses of His Grace

Captain Lemuel Gulliver

491

the Duke of Buckingham

465 1. To Quintus Flestrin, the Man-Moun:

On Mrs Tofts

tain

491

Epigram on the Feuds about Handel and II. The Lamentation of Glumdaiclitch

Bononcini

for the Loss of Grildrig

Epigram (You beat your pate, &c.)

III. To Mr. Lemuel Gulliver from the

Epitaph (Well then, poor G-, &c.).

Houyhnhnms

494

Epitaph (Here Francis C— lies, &c.).

IV. Mary Gulliver to Captain Lemuei

The Balance of Europe

Gulliver

495

To a Lady with The Temple of Fame'

467 Lines on Swift's Åncestors :

497

Impromptu to Lady Winchilsea .

467 From the Grub-street Journal

497

Epigram on the Toasts of the Kit-Cat Club 467 1. Epigram: occasioned by seeing some

A Dialogue (Pope and Craggs).

468

sheets of Bentley's edition of Milton's

On Drawings of the Statues of Apollo,

Paradise Lost

497

Venus, and Hercules, made by Sir G. II. Epigram (Should D-s print, &c.) :
Kneller

III. Mr J. M. She catechised on his

Prologue to the Three Hours after Mar:

one Epistle to Mr Pope

riage'

468

Prologue designed for Mr D'Urfey's last

IV. Epigram: on Mr M-re's going to

law with Mr Gilliver

Play

469 V. Epigram (A gold watch found, &c.)

A Prologue
by Mr Pope to a Play for Mr

VI. Epitaph (Here lies what had no

Dennis's Benefit

470 birth, &c.)

Macer; a Character

499

471 VII. A Quiestion by Anonymous

Umbra

• 499

472 VIII. Epigram (Great G-, &c.)

To Mr John Moore, Author of the cele-

499

IX. Epigram (Behold! ambitious of the

brated Worm-Powder

472 British bays, &c.).

499

Sandys' Ghost

473

On Seeing the Ladies at Crix-Easton walk

The Translator

474 in the Woods by the Grotto

The Three Gentle Shepherds

499

475 Inscription on a Grotto, the Work of Nine

Lines Written in Windsor Forest

475

Ladies

To Mrs M. B. on her Birth-Day

500

Verses left by Mr Pope, on his lying in

The Challenge, a Court Ballad

Rochester's Bed at Adderbury

500

Answer to a Question of Mrs Howe

To the Right Hon. the Earl of Oxford

500

Song, by a Person of Quality

Translation of a Prayer of Brutus

On a certain Lady at Court

• 501

Lines written in Evelyn's Book on Coins

501

A Farewell to London

479

To Mr. Thomas Southern, on his Birth-

The Basset-Table, an Eclogue

480 Day

501

To Lady Mary Wortley Montagu

483 Bishop Hough

Extemporaneous Lines, on the Picture of , Prayer of St Francis Xavier

• 502

Lady M. W. Montagu

484 Appendix : 1740, a Poem

• 503

466
466
466
466

466

498

468

498

498

498

476

476

478
478
478

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INTRODUCTORY MEMOIR.

VERY

ERY wonderful is the vitality of names; and there is reason to believe that

books and essays continue to this day to make their appearance, in which the period of our literary history coinciding with the literary life of Pope is spoken of as our Augustan age. Were this transfer of title intended to imply the existence during the period in question of any royal patronage of letters such as the first of the legitimate Cæsats was too prudent absolutely to neglect, it would condemn itself at once. The English Augustans were not warmed by the favour of any English Augustus. William the Deliverer, in whose reign they had grown up, had been without stomach for the literature of a nation with whose tastes and habits he had never made it part of his political programme to sympathise. Queen Anne's very feeble light of personal judgment was easily kept under by the resolute will of her favourites, or flickered timidly under cover of the narrowest orthodoxy. Of the first two Georges the former, indifferent to an unpopularity which never seemed to endanger his tenure of the throne, neither possessed an ordinary mastery of the English tongue nor manifested even a transient desire to acquire it. His successor had no objection to be considered, in virtue of his mistress rather than his wife, the patron of the literary adherents of a political party, until, on mounting the throne, he blandly disappointed the hopes of that party itself. The epoch of our Augustans had all but closed, when the death of Frederick, Prince of Wales, put an absolute end to the nominal hopes in the advent of a golden age for the liberal arts, by averting the accession of a Patriot King.

Neither was the defect of royal patronage supplied by any genuine Mæcenas from among the great ones of the realm. The traditions in this respect of the Stuart period—traditions doubtless exaggerated in the age of Pope, yet not wholly baseless—had barely survived the expulsion of the last Stuart King. Of King William's Batavian comrades, none had sought to grace their newly-acquired dignities and incomes by fostering the efforts of genius in the country which they had consented to adopt. Among the chief English-born noblemen and gentlemen

of this reign those of the older generation were too intently engaged in picking their path through events and eventualities to find time for dallying with the delights of literature and art. One only of their number, the sage whom all parties honoured because he so circumspectly abstained from being of vital service to any, Sir William Temple, alone had a thought for literature, and horticulture, and other liberal amusements. With Queen Anne's accession commenced among the leaders of political and social life a period of eager speculation as to the contingencies which might supervene on her decease. Parties within parties, and factions within factions, battled over their living sovereign because it seemed that everything must depend upon the hands into which the power should fall when she should lie dead. In a time of national abasement foreign intellectual fashions and the patronage of such fashions may prevail ; and such had been actually the case in the reigns of both the Charles's. In a time of national elevation a national literature will find its patrons; nor had such been wanting to our Elizabethans, nor were they (though in a different fashion) to fail English writers in subsequent times. But amidst the cynically selfish party-warfare which degraded our political life in the reign of Queen Anne, the value of literature was depreciated in accordance with the general decay of national feeling. For it was an age in which all things were viewed in their relation to the main issue upon which men's thoughts were fixed. Church and crown, freedom of action and of speech, the rights of the citizen at home and the glories of the nation abroad, were freely and fiercely tossed about in the caldron where the political future was believed to be brewing. Where the national honour was hardly taken into account as a secondary consideration, and the national wishes so little consulted that in the eyes of history they to this day frequently remain obscure, a national literature could obviously have no intrinsic cause for existence in the eyes of either Tories or of Whigs. It is for the parties that the nation and its feelings have been created; its traditions, its sympathies are so many adventitious aids, its foremost men so many candidates for partisan employment. The Whigs will crown Addison the laureate of their party; but not till he has sung the glories of its acknowledged hero. Bolingbroke, who liked to compare himself to Alcibiades, and Oxford, in whom the oblique vision of some party adulator discerned a Pericles to match, repaid their literary henchmen in the coin dearest to the frugal souls of literary men, and cheapest to the condescending great, a social familiarity at times facilitated by the bottle. Their literary assailants they were eager to imprison and pillory and utterly extinguish. Pegasus was always welcome if he would run in harness; otherwise away with him to the pound. Queen Anne's reign came to an end; and under the administration which supervened, a yet more practical method of reducing literature to her level was consistently adopted. No minister has probably ever expended so large a sum upon the hire of pens as Sir Robert Walpole. The consent of contemporaries and posterity stigmatises him as the poet's foe. The warmth of his patronage elicited the grubs from the soil, and bred dunces faster than Swift and Pope could destroy them.

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