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Signers of the constitution, 109, 276-77
Slavery, forbidden by Northwest Ordinance,
10; excluded from all parts of Minnesota,
11; slavery issue and birth of Republican
party, 37-40; prohibited by constitution,
208 (C.1:2)

Sleeping car companies, taxation of, 188-89, 239
Smith v. Webb, 188

Soldiers' bonus case, 177

Sources of constitution, whether Republican or
Democratic, 103-4, 115-31; other constitu-
tions from which drawn, 131, n.
South, opposed to creation of more northern
states, 29

South Dakota, 32, 162

Southern Minnesota, see Minnesota west
Sovereignty, nature of, 2

Spain, claims of in Minnesota country, 5;
acquires Louisiana territory from France,
6; re-cedes it to France, 8

Special assessments, power to levy, 187-88, 190,
238, 240 (C.9:1)

Special legislation, for creation of private cor-
porations forbidden, 126; prohibition ex-
tended to other subjects in 1881, 169; and
again extended in 1892, 170; these pro-
hibitions did not really prohibit, 169, 170;
as to county lines and county seats, 198;
provisions of constitution as to, 219-20
(C.4:33,34)

Speech, see Freedom of speech

Spunk creek, 22

Squatter sovereignty, 49, 57

Stacy, E. C., 94

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State ex rel. Childs v. Board of Co. Comm'rs
of Crow Wing County, 198

State ex rel. Childs v. Pioneer Press Co., 198
State ex rel. Clapp v. Peterson, 200

State ex rel. Co. Treas. of Mille Lacs Co. v.
Dike, 164

State ex rel. Hahn v. Young, 168, 187

State ex rel. Johnson v. Becht, 160
State ex rel. Hart v. City of Duluth, 199
State ex rel. Kinsella v. Eberhart, 164, 200
State ex rel. Luley v. Simons, 164

State ex rel. Madigan v. Wagener, 160, 198
State ex rel. Meighen v. Weatherill, 166
State ex rel. Olson v. Scott, 113

State ex rel. Railroad and Warehouse Comm'rs
v. Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Ry.
Co., 164

State ex rel. Robertson v. New England Furni-
ture and Carpet Co., 160

State ex rel. Simpson v. Mankato, 163, 171
State ex rel. Slipp v. McFadden, 198

State ex rel. Thompson v. Whitcomb, 164, 200
State ex rel. Tuttle v. Braden, 164
State ex rel. Young v. Brill, 164
State v. Benson, 156

State v. Bishop Seabury Mission, 113
State v. Brooks, 150, n.

State v. Callahan, 160

State v. Freerks, 159

State v. George, 162

State v. Gilbert, 159

State v. Great Northern Ry. Co., 164
State v. Harris, 156
State v. Holm, 158
State v. Jensen, 157
State v. Marciniak, 160
State v. McBride, 148, n.
State v. Moilen, 158

State v. Pioneer Press Co., 158
State v. Swift, 150, n.

State v. Townley, 159

Stearns v. Minnesota, 146, n., 163
Stinson v. Smith, 187

State government set up, 140-41

Statehood, promise of, in Northwest Ordinance,
9-11; nature of movement for in Minne-
sota, 42-43; attitude of Congress as to, 43;
favorable sentiment among people, 43-44;
Gorman advises delay in 1856, 47, 49;
convention proposed, 49; little agitation
for, in 1856, 50-51; Rice's plans for, 52-55;
statehood and railroad question, 53; argu-
ments for statehood expressed by Gorman,
56-57; passage of enabling act, 59-63; sub-
stance of enabling act, 63-65, 88; statehood
finally accomplished, 136-41; when did
Minnesota become a state?, 141-43

State prison, see Prison
State seal, 252 (C.15:4)
States, nature and extent of powers of, 1-2;
and modern demands for social legisla
tion, 2

Status, of Minnesota, 1848-49, 23-28; 1857-58,
141-43

Stephens, Alexander H., 137, 139
Stevens, John H., 91, 108

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Suffrage, woman, 179-80, 231-32 (C.7:8)
Suffrage requirements, under the organic act,
32; in the territories generally, 32, n.;
for the election of delegates to the con-
stitutional convention, 73; Republican
proposal as to negro suffrage, 99-100; re-
ligious and property tests prohibited, 118;
original provisions of constitution as to,
123-24; brief history of in Minnesota, 177-
78; approval of negro suffrage, 178-79;
partial enfranchisement of women, 179;
the federal woman suffrage amendment,
179-80; aliens denied suffrage, 180; prop-
erty and religious tests forbidden, 210-11
(C.1:17); exclusion from right of, 215
(C.4:15); provisions of constitution as to,
229-32 (C.7:1-9); special disqualifications,
231 (C.7:2); residence, rules as to, 229-31
(C.7:1,3,4). See also Suffrage, alien;
Suffrage, negro; Suffrage, woman
Superintendent of public instruction, Republi
can proposals as to, 121
Superior, proposed state of, 19
Supreme court, clerk of, 122, 226(C.6:2);
commissioners of, 176; power to declare
statutes unconstitutional, 176-77; organiza-
tion and jurisdiction of, 226(C.6:2);
election and terms of justices, 177, 227
(C.6:3); qualifications and salaries, 228
(C.6:6); vacancies in, 229 (C.6:10); in-
compatible offices, 229 (C.6:11)

Swamp land fund, 183, 233 (C.8:2)
Swedish settlement in Chisago county, politics

of, 40

Taxation, original provisions of constitution as
to, 125, 163; gross earnings tax amend-
ment, 167; basis and methods of, 187-90,
237-40(C.9:1-[4]); by special assessments,
187-88, 238, 240(C.9:1); of banks, 188,
237 (C.9:[4]), 238; of large corporations,

Taxation (continued)

188-89; of products of mines, 188; of in-
heritances, 188-89, 238-39 (C.9:1); "wide
open tax amendment," 189-90, 240 (C.9:1);
of dogs, proposed, 195; of motor vehicles
for trunk highway fund, 202, 263-64
(C.16:2,3,4); for support of schools, 234
(C.8:3); exemptions from, 237(C.9:[3]),
240(C.9:1); of money, credits, and banks,
237 (C.9:[3,4]); to pay railroad bonds, 237
(C.9:[2]); for road and bridge fund, 246-
48 (C.9:16); for trunk highway system,
263-64 (C.16:2,3,4). See also Gross earn-
ings tax

Taxation of federal lands, by states, forbidden
by Northwest Ordinance, 10; of non-resi-
dents not to be at higher rate, 10; similar
provisions in organic act, 34; similar pro-
visions in enabling act, 64-65; in constitu-
tion, 163, 212 (C.2:3)

Taylor, James Wickes, views on constitutional
questions noted, 72, n.

Taylor, Joshua L., 22
Taylor, William H., 97, 105
Taylor, Zachary, 29, 31
Taylor v. Taylor, 112

Telegraph companies, taxation of, 188-89, 239
Telephone companies, taxation of, 188-89, 239
Tenvoorde, John W., 97

Territorial act providing for expenses of con-
stitutional convention, passage of, 65-67;
validity of, 67-68, 84-85; text of, 299
"Territorial Party," 35, 36

Territories of U. S., right of representation
in Congress, 26, 27

Territory of Minnesota, see Minnesota, his-
tory of

Thompson, C. W., 58, n.
Thompson, Richard W., 26
Thwaites, Reuben Gold, 20
Tonnage tax, 188-89, 238

Townships, original provisions of constitution
as to, 127; empowered to borrow state
funds, 182, 235-36 (C.8:6); limit on power
of, to aid railroads, 191, 245-46 (C.9:14b,
15); article of constitution relating to,
197-98, 249-50(C.11:3-6)

Transition to statehood, 133-43
Transitory provisions, 265-69 (Schedule)
Treason, pardons for possible, 175; definition
of and conviction for, 209 (C.1:9)
Treasurer, publication of reports by, 195, 244
(C.9:11); duties of, 218 (C.4:32b); men.
tioned, 223 (C.5:1), 224 (C.5:4), 225
(C.5:5), 234(C.8:5), 250(C.13:1)
Treaty of 1803, for purchase of Louisiana ter-
ritory from France, 8 and n.
Treaty of San Ildefonso, 1800, 8

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Warrants, to be specific, 209 (C.1:10)
Warren, John Esaias, his letters on statehood,
50-51

Water mains, assessments for, 188, 238 (C.9:1)
Waterways, to be common highways, 10

Watonwan river, 14

Watrous, Major, 52

Wayne, Anthony, General, 12

Welles, H. T., 52

Western Railroad Co. v. De Graff, 164

When did Minnesota become a state?, 141-43
Whigs, in the territory, 35-36

White Earth river, 32, 44

"Wide open tax amendment," 153-54, 189-90
Wilkinson, Morton S., 22, 35
Willis v. Mabon, 196
Wilson, J. P., 84

Wilson, Thomas, 52, 104, 112; appointed to
compromise committee, 95; trouble with
Gorman, 98-99

Winona, city of, 16, n., 19, 47, 49, 52, 53, 55,
58, 59, 70, 133

Wisconsin, territory of, 11, 14; evolution of
western boundary of state of, 17-21;
claims to Minnesota east, 17; constitu-
tional conventions, 17-19; mentioned, 42,
45, 56, 161-62

Witnesses, right of accused persons as to,
208 (C.1:6); religious tests for prohibited,
211 (C.1:17)

Woman suffrage, see Suffrage, woman

Women, married, proposal as to property

rights of, 130

Writs of error, right to, 118

Yeas and nays, 213 (C.4:5)

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