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form, while it gives less indulgence to that settled age which is less prone to influence, and less capable of being recalled from error when it has once fallen into it. The general inclination of the public mind was, therefore, to punish the directors, but to pass an amnesty in favor of the writers and cadets. The arguments and wishes on behalf of these devo ed persons were urged strongly and pertinaciously. The public papers, and public meetings, produced every dav the most forcible an pathetic appeal- both to the directors theoselves, and from them to the proorietors of East India stock, to the parliament, and to the people. The proprietors of East India stock, in a resolution of their general court, adopted on the motion of Mr. Sansom, one of the most eminent, and most respectable merchants of the city of London, recommended to the directors to re-consider the resolution of dismissal which they had originally passed against the young men. But this recommendation of the proprietors, though it led to the re-consideration of the question, did not influence them either to rescind or mitigate that resolution of dismissal. This obstimacy of the directors in enforcing punishment, where the proprietors wished them to shew lenity, operated to confirm the proprietors in their determination to animadvert with severity upon the director whom the court wished to restore. Mr Thelluson was, afterwards, excluded from the direction by a large majority of the proprietors, notwithstanding the effort of the directors in his favour; and James Daniell, Esq. formerly captain of one of the company's ships, was elected in his place; in the same Inanner that Mr. Devaynes, the other director, now publicly implicated after his death, had on a former occasion been ex luded by the general sense of the proprietors. The case of the young men came again to be considered in the court of proprietors, when the same perseverance was shewu by the directors in maintaining the dismissal. An appeal

was made to the sense of the House of Commons, towards the close of the session, in a motion brought forward by Sir Thomas Turton; but the result was equally unfavourable. Mr. Dundas, president of the board of controul, contending that the law was imperative in enjoining dismissal; in which opinion, the sense of the majority of the members present went with him. The perseverance of the advocates of forgiveness and amnesty, among the proprietors, prevailed however, ultimately, thus far with the directors, as to induce them to allow the persons dismissed, with one or two exceptions in the most culpable cases, to be subsequently re-appointed, subject to the pleasure of the court of proprietors, by any directors who might be, severally, so far interested in their behalf, but without any obligation on the court generally to give them appointments. There is reason to think, however, that time and circumstances contributed generally and fully, though silently, to carry into effect the wishes and judgment of the proprietors and the public; for we do not find, that the general dismissal has taken place. Indeed, it would have been attended with extreme inconvenience, as, in some instances, those, who would be immediately affected by it, were among the most promising and meritorious servants of their rank that the company had. Interest, therefore, probably, came in aid of mercy, and drew forth that lenity for which the most pathetic appeals were previously made to no purpose. Every public end was indeed completely answered by the measures of security, adopted on the suggestion of Mr. Randal Jackson, to prevent appointments in the company's service from being made in future through pecuniary considerations or means; and an amnesty could not fail to prove practically the wisest provision with respect to the past. We are not aware of any other occurrence, in the course of this year, entitled to particular notice in the historical part of this work.

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CHRONICL. E.

Besgal. Occurrences for JANUARY, 1809.

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the cultivated country. These accounts bear witness to the marked civility and kindness which the embassy had experienced from all the chieftains, whose territories they had passed : and particularly from the Soubah of Mooitan, at whose capital they expected to remain for about ten days. The novel appearance of a band of Europeans, in that country, naturally excited much curiosity among the Afghans ; and the crowd of gazers is said to have been so great on their first arrival, that the gentlemen of the embassy found it difficult to pass from one tent to another. It was afterwards deemed prudent to put a stop to all further intrusion, by surrounding the camp with kanauts. By the latest accounts from the Court it appears that Sultan-ul Mooik was on his progress to Pashawar. This movement, to which had been ascribed an intention of invading C -imeie, appears now to be inputatie * no other motive than a desire of Wol. 11.

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passing the winter months in a milder climate than is to be found among the mountains of Candahar. The em: bassy were in daily expectance of receiving an invitation to meet the King at Paishawar, where it was supposed tlicy would arrive about the middle of January. A report was prevalent at Mooltan, when these accounts came away, that the king of Persia had sent two of his brothers to Cabul, to endeavour to negotiate a peace. In the course of last week, letters had been received from the gentlemen of Mr. Elphinstone's mission, extending down to the 27th titia.o. At that time they remained encamped near Misee, on the right bank of the Chunaub, or Acesines— which river they had crossed from Rajghaut, a few days before. They wer; still without any direct advices from the court ; nor did they even know any thing certain respecting the situation or movements of the Sultan. While some reports represented him as proceeding on his jourthey towards Paishawar ; according to others, he had returned to Candahar. The embassy, however, was to marck again upon the 29th, and expected to cross the Indus about the 2d January. The roads in the direction of Cabul, at the distance of auout an hundred miles from the place of e.campuleit, being rendered in passable at it. season by the slow, it was hoped that they wood tood the king at Puishawar. A 1: these lette:is represent the climate. of Moolt.*, as timust delightful. 1 use thermonieter at sun-rise had been so low as 23 degrees, and had never

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