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Behold the spacious neighbourhood of Rome,
Far-shining upward to the Sabine hills,
To Anio's roar, and Tibur's olive shade;
To where Præneste lifts her airy brow;
Or downward spreading to the sunny shore,
Where Alba breathes the freshness of the main. ---Liberty.


passions. Numa derived his religion from Egyptian superstition ; and the Mars of Troy, as he well knew, was the god Belus Arius of the Assyrians, an antitype of harmony, and of all those useful virtues for which Minerva is preeminently distinguished. His emblems were the ram and the lion, denoting vigour and fecundity ; perhaps the former also was a figure of the front and restauration of the year, and allusive, it would seem, to the fleecy oblation offered by Noah, after the great fast. The following passage from Plutarch de Iside, will illustrate the motives for dedicating the present month to Minerva : “ Hercules is supposed by the Pythagoreans to be placed in the Sun (i. e. Belus), and to accompany him in his progress round the world, as Mercury does the Moon (i. e. Isis); intending hereby, that as the influence of the latter body seems to resemble the works of reason, and to proceed from wisdom, so the operations of the former are like those strokes which, by mere dint of strength and force, bear down all before them. It is also the opinion of the stoicks (say these astronomers) that the sun was at first kindled, and is still maintained by exhalations drawn from the sea, whilst the moon is fed by those more sweet and benign vapours which arise from fountains and lakes.” This is intelligible, and shows the reason why the Egyptian Isis was adorned with a vest of many colours, expressive 'of her varied power and docility; and why both these deities have ever been considered the patronesses of states, because, being representatives of the moon, she strikes, by her changes, those lesser periods of time which should be devoted to the gods, as without service there could be no protection. The moon, therefore, is the kindest of mistresses, for she perpetually reminds us of all the duties of preservation : one of those blessings that can never be appreciated until we lose it.-What the Greeks did partially the Latins did entirely

Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.--- Proverbs. .

O thou virgin that shinest like the snow on the brows of Aran! as the pearly dew on Eryri.

Welsh Bard.


respecting their calendar : they counted the days backward, so that in the progress to any interesting point of time, as the nones, the ides, and the calends of the month, they more respectfully went, as to a temple, with their faces in front, by regular gradations, and not like crabs, by retrocession, which would have been both clumsy and profane. It was thus the months presented the appearance of those double steps, by which, if standing on the centre (the ides), either slope will conduct you to a basis : we ascend on one side, from new to full moon, and descend on the other, with the wane, until her renovation. In the rude period of the Roman state, before the publication of the Fasti by writing, it was customary for one of the priests of the augural college to pronounce aloud to the people, on the change of every moon, the number of nones in each month, repeating the Greek word “ kaleo" (in Latin voco, “ I proclaim,” resembling the Anglo-Saxon phrase oyez) so many { times as they consisted of days ; which, in effect, was an announcement of the almanac, as all the days of every month were governed by the position of the nones.-Upon this day the Vestal virgins, four in number, } at their establishment by Numa, increased to six by Tarquin the Proud, annually renewed the sacred fire from the solar rays. They watched it in the night-time alternately, and whoever suffered it to be extinguished was scourged by the Pontifex Maximus, an incident which was only

expiated by extraordinary sacrifices. The punishment of any vestal } who violated her vow of chastity was of the highest severity ; no less

than being buried alive, with funeral solemnities, in a place called the Campus Sceleratus; and the paramour was scourged to death in the forum. But their privileges were likewise great, for they were exempted from oaths, and could absolve a criminal from punishment if they met him accidentally. The mother of Romulus was a vestal. The institution of the perpetual fire was derived from the East, but is peculiar also to the Mexicans, and was probably symbolized in the Phænir. This augural solemnity was abolished by Theodosius.

The harmony of the world, like that of a harp, is made up of discords, and consists in a mixture of good and evil.--- Heraclitus.

The faithful wife without debate,
Such sleep as may beguile the night,
Contented with thine own estate,
Nor wish for death nor fear his might.-Martial.


THE MONTHS, The Julian Martius agrees nearly with the first moon Phamenoth, in the ancient, and the seventh in the modern Egyptian year; with the seventh secular, and the first sacred moon Nisan (called before the ecodos, Abib, signifying an 'ear of barley, referring to the barley harvest about this time, as well in Egypt as in Judæa ; but the name Nisan is derived from the Chaldeans, nes and nus, the month of war and storms), of the Jews : with the seventh moon, Mehar, of the Persians; with the seventh moons Xanthicus, Autocratoricus, and Bendidæus, of the SyroMacedonians, Paphians, and Bithynians ; with the seventh moons, Magabit, Barmehat, and Michieki of the Ethiopian, Coptic, and Armenian calendars ; with the sixth solar moon, Adar, of the Syrians ; with the tenth moon (usually commencing, with the other Attic months, about the close of the corresponding Latin months) Munychion, of the Athenians; the seventh, Artemisius, of the Macedonians, and the third, Dystrus, of their solar year; and with the ninth moons, Ramadhan, and Ramazan, of the Arabs and the Turks ; by the Saxons it was termed Rhede-month, and at a later period Lenet-month, which is its name among the Dutch and Germans. The intercalary month of the Jews Ve-Adar, i. e, second Adar is inserted in this place : for instance their year 5589, agreeing with A. D. 1829, was an embolismic year, and consequently the ensuing nominal months were thrown backward one moon, the fourth of April corresponding with the first of Nisan, i. e. their New Year's Day, and so progressively through the year. This day is a fast in memory of the death of the children of Aaron, for burning unhallowed fire in the sanctuary.-See Lev. 10.

The festival of the Salii was celebrated at Rome on this day in honour of Mars. The Salii were the priests of that god, who carried in procession the sacred ancilia or shields, dancing and singing rude verses, not unallied to the Dionysian mirth of the Athenians. It continued for three

X Flowers of rhetoric, in grave discourses, are like the blue and red flowers in { corn, pleasing to mere spectators, but prejudicial to the reapers.--Swift.

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The pleasant seat, the ruin's tower,
The naked rock, the shady bower;
The town and village, dome and farm,
Each give each a double charm,
As pearls upon an Ethiop's arm.--Dyer.


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or four days. The Matronalia was another feast of this day, instituted by Romulus and Tatius, in memory of the peace and union of the two states concluded by the mediation of the Sabine women, who offered sacrifices to the god Quiris (Mars), and to Juno Lucina. It was customary for husbands to make presents to their wives on this anniversary.

Valerius Publicola pronounces a funeral oration over the remains of Junius Brutus, his colleague, B. C. 509, which was the first institution of that generous tribute to the memory of the virtuous dead it was not introduced at Athens until about sixteen years after this period, on the occasion of the battle of Marathon. The consul entered the city with the body in a chariot and quadriga, which was also the first triumph in Roman annals.

Constantius Chlorus and Galerius are created Cæsars by Diocletian, A. D. 292. To the former was intrusted the defence of Britain“ in a great pool, a swan's nest,” and the country of the Gauls.

The Eternal City is besieged by Alaric the Goth, in the reign of Honorius, A. D. 409. See an admirable chapter, by the imperial historian, on the famine within the walls.

The Duke of Northumberland procures the passing of an act for the suppression of the Bishopric of Durham, 1553.

The Spectator commences upon this day, Tuesday, 1711, one of the most useful and delightful papers in any language.

St. David's Day. In the household expenses of the Princess Mary, 1544, is a gift of fifteen shillings among the yeomen of the King's guard for bringing a leek to her grace on St. David's Day. This is the Anniversary of the society of “ Ancient Britons,” under the protection of His Majesty, as Prince of Wales.

Though it appear a little out of fashion, there is much care and valour in this Welshman.

King Henry V.

Within what fountain's craggy cell
Delights the goddess Health to dwell?-Warton.




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D. Junius Juvenal, A. D. 42, Pelagius I. (Pope), 560.

| Lothaire (of France), 986. poi-
Sir Thos. Bodley, 1544, Exeter. I soned, Compiegne.
Wm. Murray, Earl of Mans-Andrew Hartcla, Earl of Car-
field, 1705, Perth.

lisle, 1322. executed, Carlisle. Anthony de Blanc, 1730, Mar- | Bp. (Robert) Abbot, 1618. seilles.

Louis du Buat Nancay, 1732. J. Marion Avantio, 1622. d.
Louis Suchet, 1772, Lyons. | Padua.

| Dr. James Drake, 1707. d.


Sieur Nicholas Boileau, 1711. Obits of the Latin Church.

Cardinal Bouillon, 1715.d.Rome, St. Simplicius (Pope), buried. Fran. Bianchini, 1729.d. Rome. 483.

Solomon Gesner, 1788.d.Zurich. | Martyrs, under the Lombards, John Wesley, 1791. d. London. 6th Century.

Horace Walpole, (Earl of OrSt. Joavan (or Joevin), Bishop! ford), 1797. d. Berkeley Sq.

in Armorica, 6th Century. Francis, Duke of Bedford, 1802. St. Marnan of Scotland, d. in Chenies.

Annandale, 620.
St. Ceada, or Chad, Bishop of See where the new-born day

Lichfield, d. 673. (See Eng-first wakes the eagle ; where, on

lish Church Calendar.) | the glittering summits of the St. Charles the Good, Earl of rocks, the exhalations ascend

Flanders, martur fassassi- / and mix with the pure air of the nated at Bruges), 1124. morning, as the incense from

the altar.-Gesner.

That blind suspicion, which confounds the emanations of providence, I compare to the poor Athenian traveller who in attempting to cross Parnassus fell on the other side.


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