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and abstracts of RTOPs are included. A list is presented of RTOPs which have been changed, completed, or terminated since the last summary. Indexes presented include: subject, technical monitor, responsible NASA organization, and RTOP number.
N74-12618 University of Southern Calif., Los Angeles.
Problems associated with innovation in the biomedical instrumentation industry are discussed. The lack of an organized structure for getting design requirements from the clinical environment to the product developer is highlighted, along with other problems particular to this industry. Various solutions to the problem are discussed, using the development of the heart pacemaker as a prototype. The possible role of a nonprofit Clinical Engineering Institute as a catalyst to aid innovation in the biomedical instrumentation industry is presented. Author
N74-12668# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S. House) UNIVERSITY ENERGY RESEARCH CENTERS Washington GPO 1973 52 p refs Hearing on H.R. 8348 and H.R. 9133 before Comm. on Sci. and Astronaut.. 93d Congr., 1st Sess, No. 11. 23 Jul, 1973 Avail. NTIS Avail: Subcomm. on Energy
A Congressional hearing is presented concerning the enactment of bills for enlisting the aid of academic researchers in carrying out energy Rand D programs. Previous bills and past efforts are cited. The relationship between national laboratories to universities and the relation of either or both to private industry and the Federal Government, and to mission oriented projects associated with power engineering research are discussed. The designation of certain leading institutions and universities in certain fields is also considered
N74-12666 Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater,
The problems associated with evaluating and scoring contractor proposals in the DoD Source Selection process are examined. What effects the minimum documentation and prototype hardware development concepts of the current DoD management philosophy may have on the Source Selection process are determined. The primary objective is to develop an integrated risk assessment and scoring model and procedural methodology for use by the Source Selection Evaluation Board. An initial risk model is developed and applied to the source selection activities for a major aircraft system which employs the current DoD management concepts. The results of a source selection questionnaire are evaluated to investigate the problems associated with the Source Selection evaluation and scoring process. An integrated risk assessment and scoring model is developed to enable source selection officials to obtain a relative measure of the over-all technical risk associated with each contractor proposal.
N74-12692# Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va. SCIENCE SUPPORT AND MANAGEMENT G. M. Dobrov and G. M. Glagoleva 12 Nov. 1973 23 p refs Transl. into ENGLISH from Ekonomika i Organizatsiya Promyshlennogo Proizvodstva (Moscow), no. 3. 1973 p 14-30 (JPRS-60509) Avail: NTIS HC $3.25 CSCL 05A
Articles are presented on the systems approach to science management and on the material and technical support of science
N74-12693# Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF OPTIMAL PLANNING DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF ENERGY SYSTEMS L. P. Padalko 15 Nov 1973 209 p refs Transl into ENGLISH of the book "Matematicheskiye Metody Optimal'nogo Planırovan. iya Razvitiya i Ekspluatatsii Energosistem“ Minsk, Izdateľstvo Vysheyshaya Shkola. 1973 199 p (JPRS-60546) Avail NTIS HC $12 50
A discussion is given of the bases of mathematical methods of optimal planning and their use for selecting optical solutions in the planning, development, and operation of power supply systems
N74-12671# Helsinki Univ. of Technology. Otaniemi (Finland).
This study begins with the hypothesis that technological development in itself is not good or bad, but what is more essential is how the development is directed and how rapid that development is. On this basis, a method is developed by which technological development can be directed on a course desirable to society. Thus, it is essential to know which factors affect the directing of technological development, and how it is possible to cause the development to move in the desired direction with the aid of these factors. An innovation system is created which can be described, e.g., as an instant status of technological development. In other words. when a time factor is added to the innovation system, technological development is recieved. This has been used in Finland an examination perspective. However, it should be possit... 19 generalize the results applicable to market-economy couni... in general.
N74-12694# Joint Publications Research Service. Arlington, Va. TRANSLATIONS ON EASTERN EUROPE, SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS, NO. 367 12 Nov. 1973 34 p reis Transl. into ENGLISH from Bulgarian and Polish articles (JPRS-60507) Avail NTIS HC $3.75
An article is reported concerning coordination and subordination systems of nature and society. A description is given of systems divided on the basis of the Marxist doctrine of the socioeconomic formation. Production relations, productive forces. and social relations are discussed along with conflicts in a coordination system. Also presented is an article on the development of RASKO-2. the first Polish designed rocket for cloud seeding Rocket design and operation are described along with operating characteristics such as rapid firing, operational limits with regard to wind, and reliability.
N74-12673*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY OPERATING PLAN: A SUMMARY FISCAL YEAR 1974 (1973) 204 p rets (NASA-TM-X-69456) Avail: NTIS HC $12.25 CSCL 05B
A compilation is presented of the summary portions of RTOPS used for management review and control of research. Citations
N74.12696# Los Alamos Scientific Lab, N Mex.
Phase of Undergraduate Pilot Training. to assign pilots to operational aircraft. The validity of the Air Force Officer Qualification Test as a selection device was questioned. AID is compared to regression analysis as a statistical tool; and, the use of Combat Crew Training grades and Officer Effectiveness Roport ratings as criteria measures are also discussed.
19-20 Apr. 1973. sponsored by Comm. on Desert and Arid Zone Res. of the Am Assoc For the Advan, of Sci (Contract W-7405-eng-36) (LA-UR-73-570: Conf-730440-1) Avail NTIS HC $3.00
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory is engaged in programs to explore the ways of extracting useful power from the heat of the earth's crust; to demonstrate the feasibility of superconducting transmission lines, and to develop a rock-melting penetrator, or subterrene, expected to be capable of creating long tunnels in rock. The tunnels, lined with the glass-like melted rock created by passage of the subterrene, might form excellent conduits for underground transmission lines, as well as serving in the exploitation of geothermal energy. A project to exploit the vast underground reservoir of saline water in New Mexico is described The project TRG is based on desalination by means of geothermal or nuclear energy to furnish New Mexico with water and electric power
N74.12731# Army Aviation Systems Command. St. Louis, Mo. MAJOR ITEM SPECIAL STUDY (MISS), AH-1G 90 DEGREE GEARBOX Interim Roport, 1 Jan. 1964 · 30 Jun. 1972 Sep. 1973 32 p (AD-767540: USAAVSCOM-TR-73-21) Avail: NTIS CSCL 01/3
The report describes a maintenance analysis of a helicopter rotor gearbox Major Item Special Study (MISS) reports are performed on DA Form 2410 reportable components. These are time change items and certain condition change items selected because of high cost or need for intensive management. Basically. the MISS reports are concerned with analyzing reported removal data presented in the Major Item Removal Frequency (MIRF) report. The failure modes reported for each removal are examined and grouped into categories which are intended to clarify the intent of the data reporting. From this data, removal distributions can be plotted and an MTR (mean time to removal) can be calculated. The MISS reports then investigate possible cost savings based on total elimination of selected failure modes. These modes are chosen because of the percentage of failures they represent and/or because they appear to be feasible Product Improvement Program (PIP) areas.
N74-12781*# Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Research Center for Group Dynamics. A PROGRAM TO REDUCE CORONARY HEART DISEASE RISK BY ALTERING JOB STRESSES Final Roport, 1 Aug. 1971 - 30 Sap. 1973 - Ph.D. Thesis Douglas Bruce Campbell Sop. 1973 274 p refs (Grant NGR-23-005-185) (NASA-CR-132891) Avail: NTIS HC $13.25
This study reports the design, implementation, and evaluation of a program attempting to reduce job stress by improving person-environment fit with respect to job aspects such as work load, responsibility, and interpersonal relationships. In order to assess the effects of the program, measures of both stress and strain were collected at three points in time--just prior to the program, immediately after the program, and three months after completion of the program. Measures of strain included systolic and diastolic blood pressure, determinations of glucose, cholesterol, and uric acid in the plasma. job satisfaction, and job related self-esteem. The findings were interpreted in light of both program incidents within specific experimental groups and general aspects of the program common to the experimental groups. Additional analyses indicated that both good person-environment fit with respect to participation predicts to good fit with respect to other job aspects over a three month interval and that stress causes strain, rather than the reverse.
N74-12861# Research Inst. of National Defence. Stockholm
Three aids for alloting frequencies within the communication band 118 to 136 MHz are considered, namely: A map drawing program, the matrix method and the allotment program. Programs for preparing separation and allotment matrices for the matrix method and also for the allotment program are described.
N74-12732# Army Aviation Systems Command, St. Louis. Mo. MAJOR ITEM SPECIAL STUDY (MISS). CH-54A MAIN ROTOR PRIMARY SERVO Interim Report, 1 Jan. 1964 · 31 Dec. 1972 Sep. 1973 30 p refs (AD-767539; USAAVSCOM-TR-73-22) Avail: NTIS CSCL 01/3
The report describes a maintenance analysis of 2 helicopter main rotor primary servo. The report is designed to illustrato cost savings which would result from specific efforts in the areas of product improvement in quality and design, and extensions of time between overhaul of major items. For the purpose of this study the cost savings produced in the area of product improvement are based on total elimination of a certain failure mode or modes.
N74-12896# Research Inst. of National Defence, Stockholm (Sweden). INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFORMATION SCIENCE Rolf Gezelius Jan. 1972 22 p refs in SWEDISH Conf. held at Tel Aviv, Israel, 29 Aug. - 3 Sep. 1971 (FOA-3-C-3704-E8) Avail: NTIS HC $3.25
The ten sessions dealt with national and international information systems, information analysis, information economy. the effectivity in recovery of information, education, reprography, commercial information services, systéir analysis within the sphere of information and operative systems. A brief outline is given of the Israeli organizations for information and the range of documentation
N74-12780 Arizona State Univ., Tempe.
Research was conducted to investigate the feasibility of constructing a model that could be used by the United States Air Force for the early selection of student pilots for assignment to operational aircraft. Such a model would be of value to the Air Force if the current philosophy of generalized Undergraduate Pilot Training were changed to a specialized philosophy. The rosutis of the study indicate that it is feasible to construct a selection model for application at the completion of the Primary
N74-13042*# Mississippi State Univ., State College. Dept. of
(E74-10115; NASA-CR-136127; PR-6) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00 CSCL 08B,
There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
was developed and the functional requirements for the onboard portion of the concept were generated. Consumables management is the process of controlling or influencing the usage of expendable materials involved in vehicle subsystem operation. The subsystems considered in the study are: (1) propulsion, (2) power generation. and (3) environmental and life support.
N74-13067** Alaska Univ., Palmer.
The author has identified the following significant results. Classification of digital data for mapping Alaskan vegetation has been compared to ground truth data and found to have accuracies as high as 90%. These classifications are broad scale types as are currently being used on the Major Ecosystems of Alaska map prepared by the Joint Federal-State Land Use Planning Commission for Alaska. Cost estimates for several options using the ERTS-1 digital data to map the Alaskan land mass at the 1:250.000 scale ranged between $2.17 to $1.49 per square mile.
N74-13682# Federal Aviation Administration. Washington, D.C.
The technical program document for the fiscal year 1974 engineering and development programs of the Department of Transportation of the Federal Aviation Administration is presented. The program resumes identify the technical objective, approach, milestones scheduled for accomplishment, and requirements. The overall program is discussed under twenty-two categories which include: (1) aircraft safety. (2) air traffic control, (3) airports, and (4) weather services.
N74-13570*# National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The management concepts and operating procedures are documented as they apply to the planning of shuttle spacelab operations. Areas discussed include: airborne missions; formulation of missions; management procedures; experimenter involvement; experiment development and performance; data handling, safety procedures, and applications to shuttle spacelab planning. Characteristics of the airborne science experience are listed, and references and figures are included.
N74-13684" Committee on Appropriations (U. S. House). DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, SPACE, SCIENCE, VETERANS, AND CERTAIN OTHER INDEPENDENT AGENCIES APPROPRIATION ACT, 1974 Washington GPO 26 Oct. 1973 13 P H.R. 8825 enacted into law by the 93d Congr., 26 Oct. 1973 (Pub-Law-93-137) Avail: US Capitol, House Document Room
Congressional legislation concerning appropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development is presented. Additional actions to appropriate funds for space, science, veterans, and contain other independent executive agencies, boards, and commissions are included. The specific purposes of the allocated funds are identified and limitations on the expenditure of funds are imposed.
N74-13689*# TRW Systems Group. Redondo Beach, Calif. FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ONBOARD MANAGEMENT OF SPACE SHUTTLE CONSUMABLES, VOLUME 1 Final Report P. J. Graf. H. A. Herwig. and L. W. Neel 16 Nov. 1973 107 p rets (Contract NAS9-12944) (NASA-CR-134144; TRW-22104-HOO1-RO-00-Vol-1) Avail: NTIS HC $7.50 CSCL 22B
A study was conducted to determine the functional requirements for onboard management of space shuttle consumables. A generalized consumable management concept was developed for application to advanced spacecraft. The subsystems and related consumables selected for inclusion in the consumables management system are: (1) propulsion. (2) power generation, and (3) environmental and life support.
N74-13686# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S. House). FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL Washington GPO 1973 443 p refs Hearings before Comm. on Sci. and Astronaut., 93d Congr.. 1st Sess., No. 15, 25-26. 31 Jul. and 1-2 Aug. 1973 Avail: Subcomm, on Sci.. Res., and Develop.
Congressional hearings concerning legislation for improving fire prevention and control facilities are presented. The legislation provides for the following provisions: (1) creation of a National Fire Academy to conduct research, development, and training in fire prevention and control. (2) authority to make grants to accredited institutions of higher education to pay costs of fire science programs, (3) financial assistance to local fire departments to purchase improved firefighting equipment, and (4) extension of governmental activity in fire prevention research and development.
N74-13590*# TRW Systems Group. Redondo Beach, Calif. FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ONBOARD MANAGEMENT OF SPACE SHUTTLE CONSUMABLES, VOLUME 2. Final Report P.J. Graf, H. A. Herwig, and L. W. Neel 16 Nov. 1973 145 p refs (Contract NAS9-12944) (NASA-CR-134 145: TRW-22104-HOO2-RO-00-Vol-2) Avail: NTIS HC $9.25 CSCL 22B
A study was conducted to develop the functional requirements for onboard management of space shuttle consumables. A specific consumables management concept for the space shuttle vehicle
N74-13686# Committee on Science and Astronautics (U. S.
The Subcommittee on Manned Space Flight conducted a series of hearings on the proposed Space Tug for several reasons: (1) the determination and finding of the role of the Space Tug in the Space Shuttle program; (2) the fiscal impact of the Space Tug on the overall Manned Space Flight budget and specifically the Space Shuttle program; (3) the operations impact of the Space Tug on the latest proposed NASA mission model: (4) the operations impact on the projected cost-per-flight of the Space Shuttle (5) the ascertainment of the DOD role in the development and usage of the Space Tug: (6) NASA's and technical system analyses and must be compentent to analyze planning and decision problems.
industry's progress in conceptual design of the Space Tug vehicle. In concert with the above goals, the subcommittee held hearings with NASA, General Dynamics Convair Division, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company, Lockheed Missiles & Space Co., Martin Marietta Denver Division, and Grumman Aerospace Corp. As contained in the body of the hearing. NASA presented an overview of the role of the Space Tug program with no conclusion nor recommended approaches at this time. Author
N74-13687# National Bureau of Standards. Washington, D.C.
To demonstrate the wide use of such grants over the entire program structure of NBS, the grant descriptions are ordered by the elements of that program structure. Comment on the significance and purpose of the NBS/SFCP grant program is presented.
N74-13698# Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif.
System X is a series of project management oriented case studies supported by an interactive time-sharing computer program simulating the analysis and evaluation of a hypothetical surface-tosurface guided missile system acquisition program.
The computer-assisted exercises operate from baseline data supplied by a data base, along with system parameters set by the user, in order to compute various deterministic statistics regarding system performance and system costs. The system parameter values may be readily changed and the computations repeated. A desired result may be obtained by repeated iterations of the process.
N74-13689*# George Washington Univ., Washington, D.C. US TECHNOLOGY: TRENDS AND POLICY ISSUES Michael Boretsky (Dept. of Commerce) Oct. 1973 refs (Grants NG L-09-010-030: NSF GS-34902) (NASA-CR-136302; GWPS-Mon-17) Avail: NTIS HC $10.75 CSCL 05A
A broad, factual and systematic analysis of the current state of affairs in U.S. technology is presented with emphasis on the problems it faces, and the Government's posture toward technology. Topics discussed include: current state of U.S. technology, lagging productivity growth, deterioration in the U.S. trade position, the causes of the loss of U.S. technological advantage, and policy issues.
N74-13729# Little (Arthur D.). Inc., Cambridge, Mass. FAILURE ANALYSIS OF HELICOPTER EXTERNAL CARGO. HANDLING SYSTEMS Final Report Robert E. Hunt Jun. 1973 168 p rets (Contract DAAJO2-72-C-0063. DA Proj. 1F1-62203-AA-33) (AD-767254; ADL-C-74645; USAAMRDL-TR-73-44) Avail NTIS CSCL 01/3
A study of the failure of helicopter cargo-handling systems was conducted. A data search and compilation were completed from which the external cargo-handling system was defined and the system operation explained. Operational parameters were also defined and explained. Also criteria for assessing failures were established, data sources were cited, a search plan outlined, and failure data and consensus data were retrieved and categorized. The data were taken primarily from cargo helicopters deployed in Vietnam. Their overall utilization, load categories. and rigging materials were determined, and a consensus summary of the cause of specific failures was compiled and documented. A data analysis was conducted with the relationship of failure occurrences and rates determined for specific types of accidents and failures. Predominant causes of failures were analyzed, a cost/value of relationship of cargo dropped established, and projections of the heavy-lift helicopter as a cargo carrier were made. Candidate corrective actions were recommended, with the development of specific corrective actions made, encompassing a collapsible cargo net-pallet concept and an investigation of cargo hook design principles.
N74-13691# Research Inst. of National Defence, Stockholm (Sweden). COMMENTS ON FOAP STATEMENTS AND WORKING. BASIS FOR A CASE PRESENTED TO FU69 MEETING, 27 SEPTEMBER 1971 (SYNPUNKTER PA FOA P UPPGIFTER OCH ARBETSFORMER. UNDERLAG FOER FOERED. RAGNING VID FU 69 SAMMANTRAEDE 27.9.71) C. G. Jennergren Nov. 1971 28 p refs In SWEDISH (FOA-P-C-8303-M6) Avail: NTIS HC $3.50
FOA has tried to solve the problem of directing scientific research and the transmission of results by setting up a broad contact area between the investigator and those at working level. The development of methods for long term planning tends towards greater attention being attached to policy forming processes. In this case a consultant group which works at different levels can be meaningful because the better conditions created mean that the information between levels is comprehended in the proper way.
N74-13692# Research Inst. of National Defence, Stockholm (Sweden). SOME COMMENTS ON FOA INVESTIGATION ACTIVITY (SYNPUNKTER PA FOA UTREDNINGSVERKSAMHET) P.-O. Nilsson Oct. 1971 19 p In SWEDISH (FOA-P-C-8296-M6) Avail: NTIS HC $3.00
The role of investigation activities as intermediaries of both the results of scientific research to the consumer and the research for research organizations is considered. Factors of significance for directing future research activities are discussed as a basis for comments on the direction of future research activity. In order to respond to the need of high ambition levels as regards research for defense, the FOA target level for research activities must be high, including an increased share of the
N74-13751# Center for Naval Analyses, Arlington, Va. AIRCRAFT FORCE PROTECTION MODEL. VOLUME 1: USERS GUIDE TO AFPM Steven W. Klein and Thomas H. Thoureen Mar. 1973 151 p refs (Contract NO0014-68-A-0091) (AD-767946; CNA-Res-Contrib-225) Avail: NTIS CSCL 15/5
The Aircraft Force Projection Model (AFPM) is a FORTRAN. model which projects the Navy's aircraft inventory over a ten-year period and attempts to satisfy the operating requirements of a given set of forces with the projected operating inventory. This comparison of operating inventory and force requirements is the characteristic which sets the AFPM apart from most inventory projection models. The AFPM generates useful characteristics of the aircraft inventory such as projections of the age distribution, attrition quantities, pipeline requirements and rework requirements.
N74.13908 Computer Aided Design Centre. Cambridge (England). ECONOMICS OF CAD: A NEW APPROACH
A. I. Llewelyn and G. C. Freeman In AGARD Computer Aided Design for Electron. Circuits Oct. 1973 10 p rets
earth resources complex. Most of the work has concentrated on California's water resources, but with some attention being given to other earth resources as well and to the interplay between them and California's water resources.
The economics of CAD is dependent on the degree to which commonalities can be recognised over a wide application front and embodied into common interactive software and a flexible computer system. The CAD Centre has worked closely with industry over the whole engineering front in order to identity such commonalities, while at the same time keying its development to industrial needs and operating in a commercial environment where the economics of CAD is always in the forefront. The Centre's function and facilities and its method of operation are described. The economic advantages to be gained from the use of a common system developed through experience gained by multi-organization, multi-discipline working are discussed.
N74-14007* California Univ., Berkeley. Social Sciences
There are no author-identified signficant results in this report.
N74-13910 Radio Corp. of America, Moorestown, NJ.
Information is presented to show that an integrated system of design aids raises the level of design assurance and thereby improves reliability. Topics of discussion include. (1) reliability at the expense of design complexity. (2) pertinent attributes of the computer, (3) standard cell automation. (4) the standard cell library. (5) computer aided circuit design. (6) logic simulation and test generation. (7) computer aided printed circuit board design, and (8) backplane wiring design automation. D.LG
N74.14008* California Univ., Davis. Dept. of Water Scienco and Engineering. USER REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING IN THE PLANNING AND MANAGE. MENT OF WATER RESOURCE SYSTEMS Robert N. Colwell. Principal Investigators and Robert H. Burgy In its An Integrated Study of Earth Resources in the State of California Using Remote Sensing Techniques 30 Jun. 1973 90 Original contains imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center. 10th and Dakota Avenue, Sioux Falls. S. D. 57198 ERTS
There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
N74-13938 International Business Machines Corp., Owego,
A method is described for ensuring that appropriate considerations be given to the requirements of the intended users during system development. Trends in design automation systems are discussed: particularly with respect to the increased functional integration and interaction of the users with the system, as well as among multiple users. A method is described, based on user-oriented flow diagrams, which is intended to define the user requirements. A description is provided by which these diagrams are used to establish user requirements and to establish a communication link between the users and the system architects. Difficulties that may be expected with regard to user interfaces are listed, and the value of the method for establishing ergonomic design and evaluation criteria, procedural aids and methods, and educational materials is discussed.
N74-14009* California Univ., Berkeley. Forestry Remote Sensing
There are no author-identified significant results in this report
N74-14006*# California Univ., Berkeley. Space Sciences Lab. AN INTEGRATED STUDY OF EARTH RESOURCES IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA USING REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES Annual Progress Report Robert N. Colwell. C. West Churchman, Robert H. Burgy. Gerald Schubert, John E. Estes, Leonard W. Bowden, R. Algazi, and K. L. Coulson, Principal Investigators 30 Jun. 1973 402 p refs Original contains color imagery. Original photography may be purchased from the EROS Data Center, 10th and Dakota Avenue. Sioux Falls, S. D. 57198 ERTS (Grant NGL-05-003-404) (E74-10136; NASA-CR-136181) Avail: NTIS HC $22.25 CSCL 08F
The University of Califomia has been conducting an investigation which seeks to determine the usefulness of modern remote sensing techniques for studying various components of California's
N74-14012* California Univ., Riverside. Dept. of Geography.
There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
N74-14108# National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Silver Spring, Md Environmental Data Service. INTERNATIONAL DECADE OF OCEAN EXPLORATION,