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OF THE

GREATEST AUTHORS

ANCIENT AND MODERN

COMPRISING THE ESSAYS OP

LORD MACAU LAY

LORD BACON
JOHN STUART MILL

LETTERS OF JUNI'S
HERBERT SPENCER:::TALES OF WASHINGTON IRVING

WRITINGS OF GEORGE VASHINGTON

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A 346577

CONTENTS.

188

BY T. B. MACAULAY :

PAGK

PAGE.

To a Friend who seemed to take credit to

Essay on Milton....

himselt Intellectually, from the Nature of

his Religious Belief. ......

155

.................

BY JOHN STUART MILL:

VI. To a Roman Catholic Friend who accused the

ON LIBERTY.

Intellectual Class of a Want of Reverence

for Authority................................ 156

I. Introductory .. S...

II. Or the Liberty of Thought and Discussion....

PART VII.-- WOMEN AND MARRIAGE.

III. Or Individuality as One of the Elements of

Well-being....

I. To a Young Gentleman of Intellectual Taster,

IV. or the Limits of the Authority of Society

who, without having as yet any particu-

over the Individual. .

lar lady in view, had expressed in a gen-

V. Applications.... .

eral way, his determination to get married 157

II. TO a Young Gentleman who Contemplated

BY PHILIP GILBERT HAMERTON:

Marriage.......

III. To the same...

IXTELLECTUAL LIFE.- PART I.-THE PHYSICAL BASIS.

7. To the same.......

1. To & Young Man of Letters who Worked

7. To the same.....

Excessively.

. To & Solitary Student......

1. To the same.......

VII. To a Lady of High Culture who found it dim

III. To a Student in Uncertain Health ...

cult to assoclate with persons of her own

IV. To a Muscular Christian.....

sex.....................

V. To a Student who Neglected B

VIT . To a Lady of High Culture...

170

VI. To an Author in Mortal Disease..

IX. To a Young Man of the Middle Class, well ed.

VII. To a Young Man of Brilliant Abil

ucated, who complained that it was dim-

Just Taken his Degree......:

cult for him to live agreeably with his

mother, a person of somewhat authorita.

PART II.-THE MORAL Basis.

tive disposition, but uneducated.......... 171

1. To a Moralist who had said there was a want

of Moral Fibre in the Intellectual, espe-

PART VIII.-ARISTOCRACY AND DEMOCRACY.

cially in Poets and Artists....

1. To a Young English Nobleman................. 13

I To an Undisciplined Writer ........

1. To an English Democrat..

"

III. To a Friend who suggested the speculation

" Which of the Moral Virtues was most

Part IX.-SOCIETY AND SOLITUDE.

Essential to the Intellectual Life."....... 103

IV. To a Moralist who said that Intellectual Cul I. To a Lady who Doubted the Reality of Intel-

ture was not Conducive to Sexual Morality 105

lectual Friendships......

II. To a Young Gentleman who lived much in

PART III.-OF EDUCATION.

Fashionable Society.....

III. To the same. ..............

*********
I. To a Friend who Recommended the Author

To the same.......
to Learn This Thing and That.....

II. To a Friend who studied Many Things.......

V. To a Young Gentleman who kept entirely out

III. To the same......................................

of Company....

VI. To a friend who kindly warned the Author

IV. To a student of Literature.......

114
V. To a Country Gentleman who Regretted that

of the Bad Ettects of Solitude.......

his Son had the Tendencies of a Dilettant 115

PART X.-INTELLECTUAL HYGIENICS.

VI. To the Principal of a French College..

116

VIL. To the same..

117 1. To a Young Author whilst he was Writing his

VIII. To a Student of Modern Languages............

119

First Book..........

IX. To the same ....

II. To a Student in the First Ardor of Intellectü-

X. To a Student who Lamented bis Defective
Memory ...

III. To on Intellectual Man who desired an Outlet

XI. To & Master of Arts who said that a certain

for his Energies...

Distinguished Painter was Half Educated 125 . To the Friend of a Man of

Produced Nothing.......

PART IV.-THE POWER OF TIMP.

V. To a student who felt Hurried and Driven...

I. To a Man of Leis

To an Ardent Friend who Took no Rest.....

Want of Time

VI. To the same.....................................

To a Friend (highly cultivated) who congratu-

II. To & Young Man of Great Talent and Enerzim

who had Magnificen3 Plans for the Future

lated himselt on having entirely abandon-

III. To a Man of Business who desire to make

ed the habit of Reading Newspapers...... 206

himself better acquairyter Witt Lidera-

IX. To an Author who Appreciated Contempora-

ture, but whose Time for Pear'rg'rtas

ry Literature.....

Limited................

X. To an Author who Kept Very Irregular Hours 210

...... 133

IV. To & Student who felt Hurried end Driyeni...: 185

V. To a Friend who, thought he had no Prote :

PART XI.--TRADES AND PROFESSIONS.

sion, could not find time for bis Various

1. To a Young Gentleman of Ability and Culture

Intellectual Pursults....................... 137

who had not decided about his Profession 213

PART V.-THE INFLUENCES OF MONEY.

II. To a Young Gentleman who bad Literary and

Artistic Tastes, but no Profession......... 217

1. To a Very Rich Student.....

III. To a Young Gentleman who wished to Devote

To a Genius Careless in Money M

himsell to Literature as a Profession......

(L. To a Student in Great Poverty. .....

"

IV. To an Energetic and Successful Cotton Manu-

. .............. 144

facturer....
PART VI.-CUSTOM AND TRADITION.

. To a Young Etonian who thought of b becom-

I. TO & Young Gentleman who had firmly re-

ing & Cotton-Spinner ......... ............ 223

solved bever to wear anything but a Gray

Coat........

PART XII.-SURROUNDINGS.

IL TO & Conservative who had accused the Au-

I. To a Friend who often Changed his place of

thor of a want of respect for Tradition... 148 - Residence................ . ......

III. TO & Lady who Lamented that her Son had

1. To a Friend who Maintained that Surround-

Intellectual Doubts concerning the Dog-

Ings were a Matter of Indifference to a

mas of the Church......

Thoroughly Occupied Mind.............

IV. To the son of the Lady to whom the preced III. To an Artist who was Fitting Up a Magnif.

ing letter was addressed......

Eu...... ........... 1531

cent New Studio.............................

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PAGE.

Varro....

Virgil....

614

PAGE.

233

Supplement..

255 BY LORD Bacox:

ESSAYS: COUNSELS, CIVIL AND MORAL.

Introduction.........

I. Of Truth....

II. Or Death.....

642

III. Or Unity in Re

311

IV. of Revenge...................

V. OL Adversity.....

318

VI. Or Simulation and Dissiniula

645

VII. Or Parents and Children.....

819

VIII. Or Marriage and Single Life.

319

IX. Of Envy.....

X. Of Love.......

XI. Or Great Place...

XII. Of Boldness..

322

XIII. Or Goodness, and Goodness of ture,

326

XIV. OP Nobility ..

Xv. or Seditions and Troubles...:

XVI. Of Atheism.....

XVII. Or Superstition..

XVIII. Of Travel....

XIX, OP Empire....

XX. Of Counsel..

XXI. Or Delays....

660

XXII. Or Cunning...

338

XXIIL Or Wisdom for a Mar

XXIV. Or Innovations....

XXV. Of Dispatch......

339

XXVI. Or Seeming Wise..

339 XXVII. Of Friendship...

XXVIII. Of Expense.....

343

XXIX. Of the True Gre

Estates....

XXX. Or Regimen or F

XXXI. Or Suspicion....

316 XXXII. Or Discourse..

f89

XXXIII. Or Plantations....

670

360

XXXIV. Of Riches .....

362 XXXV. Of Prophecies..

XXXVI. Of Ambition...

XXXVII. Or Masques and Triumph

365 XXXVIII. Or Nature ip Men....

XXXIX. Of Custom and Education

674

XL. Or Fortune.............

XLI. Or Usury .......

675

XLII. Or Youth and Age.

XLIII. Or Beauty......

XLIV. Of Deformity...

877

393 XLV. Or Building.....

678

394 XLVL Of Gardens......

394 XLVII. Or Negotiating ...

394 XLVIII. Or Followers and Friends.

XLIX. Or Suitors......

L. Or Studies........

414

LI. Or Faction .....

419

LII. Or Ceremonies and Respects.

419

LIII. Of Praise....

419

LIV. Of Vain-glory ......

LV. Of Honor and Reputation.

LVI. Or Judicature........

425 LVIL. Of Anger...

LVIII. Of Vicissitude of Things.

429

Fragment of an Essay of Fame .....

433 of a King ...

On Death..........
THE WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS:
Preface.............................

€92
I. Cassandra, or Divination
II. Typhon, or a Rebel....

693
IIL The Cyclops, or the Ministers of Terror.
IV.Nercicsus, or Sell Love..

V The River Styx, or Leagues...
7. Pan, Or Nature ..

VIL. Perszus, or Waí.....
S0
"VIII. Endymion, or a Favorite....

098
• IX. The Sister of the Giants, or Fame.... 698

X. loteok aadrentheur, or a Curious Ma an. 699
507

XI. Orpheos or Philosophy.....
514 XII: ccelum, or Beginnings......

700
XIII. Probeut, gr Matter .....
XIV: Memrion, or a Youth too Forward..
XV. Tython 18, or Satiety......
XVI. Juto's Sultor, or Baseness....
XVII. Cupid, or an Atom....
XVIII. Diomed, or Zeal.....
XIX. Dædalus, or Mechanical Skin.

703
XX. Ericthonius, or Imposture..
XXI. Deucalion, or Restitution...
XXII. Nemesis, or the Vicissitude
XXIII. Achelous, or Battle ........
XXIV. Dionysius, or Bacchus..............

XXV. Atalanta and Hippomenes, or Gain...

XXVI. Prometheus, or the State of Man....
573 XXVII. Icarus and Scylla and (harybdis, or the
675
Middle Way .....

709
XXVIII. Sphinx, or Science...
599 XXIX. Proserpine, or Spirit.

XXX. Metia, or Counsel.......

XXXI. The Sirens, or Pleasures....
Ornamenta Rationalla, or Elegant Sentenc
612 | Short Notes for Civil Conversation .......

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784

791

799

814

816

LETTERS OF JUNIUS:

PAGE

PAGE.

LI. To the Rev. Mr. Horne....

Dedication to the English Nation................... 717 LII, The Rev. Mr. Horne to Junius............. 785

Preface.........

719 LIII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 788

1. Junius to the Printer of the Public Ad-

LIV. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 795

vertiser ..................

LV. The Rev. Mr. Horne to Junius......

II. Sir William Draper's Answer..

LVI. To the Duke of Grafton.....

791

III. Junius to Sir W Miam Draper.

LVII. Addressed to the Livery of London.... 792

IV. Sir William Draper to Junius...

LVIII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 793

V. To Sir William Draper..

LIX. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 795

VI. TO Junius from Sir William Draper

LX. To Zeno................

VII. To Sir William Draper.......

LXI. To an Advocate in the Cause of the Peo-

VIII. To the Duke of Grafton...

ple......
IX. To the Duke of Grafton...

LXII.

X. To Mr. Edward Weston...

LXIII

XI. To the Duke of Grafton...

LXIV. TO Lord Mansfield.

XII. To the Duke of Grafton..

734 LXV. To the Printer of the Public Advert

XIII. Philo Junius to the Printer

LXVI. To the Duke of Grafton...

Advertiser......

LXVII. To Lord Mansfield...

XIV. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public co

LXVIII. To Lord Camden..

Advertiser.....

XV. To the Duke of Grafton...

BY WASHINGTON IRVING:

XVI. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.. 739

XVII. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public

Rip Van Winkle..

Advertiser...

740 | The Wife...............

The Wife.....

.......... 740

XVIII. To Sir William Blackstone ..

The Broken Heart....

XIX. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public
The Art of Book-Making..

818

Advertiser.......

42 | The Widow and her Son....

XX. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 744 The Boar's Head Tavern, Eastches

XXI. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 746 | The Mutability of Literature

XXII. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public

Rural Funerals.......

Advertiser......

746 The Spectre Bridegroom...

XXIII. Junius to the Duke of Bedford.

747 Westminster Abbey.....

XXIV. Sir William Draper to Junius...

749 Stratford-on-Avon.....

XXV. Junius to Sir William Draper...

750 John Bull...

XXVI. Sir William Draper to Junius..

751 The Legend of Sleepy Hollow...

XXVII. Junius to the Printer of the Pu

BY GEORGE WASHINGTON:

XXVIIT. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 753

XXIX. Philo Janius to the Printer of the Public

Letter to the Governors......

857

Advertiser..........

860

Farewell to the Army..

Resignation of Commission,

XXX. Junius to the Printer of the Public Ad.

862

vertiser .....

Inaugural Address......

Farewell Address.......

863

XXXI. Philo Junius to the Printer of the Public

Advertiser....

XXXII. Junius to the Printer of the Public Ad BY T. B. MACAULAY:

vertiser...............

XXXIII. To the Duke of Grafton..

Frederick the Great..... ........................... 869-

XXXIV. To the Duke of Grafton.

XXXV. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XXXVI. To the Duke of Grafton.......

XXXVII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XXXVIII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 766

XXXIX. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XL. To Lord North......

XLI. TO Lord Mansfield ...

...... ..........

XLII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XLIII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 7

XLIV. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 777

XLV. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser. 780

XLVI. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XLVII. To the Printer of the Public Advertiser.

XLVIII. To the Duke of Grafton......

XLIX. To the Duke of Grafton......

L. The Rev. Mr. Horne to Juniu

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