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V-J of Gibralter , pag. i.
VII. Secret Transactions in relation to King Charles the First: Written by Sir John Bowring, Knight, p. 78.
VIII. An Advertisement, mitten to a Secretary of the Lord Treasurer's in England , concerning Seminary Priests: As also, a Letter mitten by the Lord Treasurer, in Defence of the Nobility and Gentry, intercepted; Published and Answered by the Papists, An. Dom. 1591. p. 163.
IX. A Grant of the Arms to the Family of Grestiam in Surrey, p. 17^.
X. The humble Petition of the inferiour Clergy of this Nation to the Parliament, p. 177.
XI. A Copy of the Charter to the East-India Company, 13 Car. 2. p. 179. Sir HElStRY SHEBR.Es
MEtiiTEfcANI AN SEA*
Streights of GimALTAfa
TH E roost Learned GaUileus, by a tamiliar Demonstration granting his Systeme of the World, resolves that great Fbe* nomenon of Nature, the Flux and Re^ fiax of the Ocean j the Speculation whereof f_a$i History tells us\] cost the Famous Aristotle so dear: And, albeit; these. and multitudes of other successful Inquirers into Nature, have enlightned the World with Volumes of admirable Discoveries highly conducing to the Felicity of the present Age, fret either not convinced of the Fact, or warning fears of Residence upon the Place, which I have had.to perfect their Observations, none that I have read . or heard of, have ever yet pubiisti'd any
Reasons to the purpose touching this useful $ab> jest. It will appear therefore at first sight, upon the Contemplation of barely Matter of Fact, a very knotty Proposition, how it should come so pass, that a Lake or Stagnant Water, [for such we may esteem the'Mediterranian,] supply ed by the Tribute of above One hundred. and fifty Rivers, many whereof reckoned amongst the greatest of the World, (hould not only not discover a very manifest Superfluity by a violent disemboguing into the AtUntick Sea by the Streight of Gibraltar, but on the contrary, a Thirst for the most part, and want of greater Supply, as appears by an almost constant Current running directly in so strong in the Narrow or Straight, that in some Seasons of the Year no Boat with ten Oars can stem it, and in Calms, af ter a strong Levant is perceived, as high up as Majorca. Mariners, who are most conversant in this Element, are very positive in their Assertions, affirming, that there is a Disemboguing, and that it is performed by a counter Current or invisible Stream some space beneath the Sursace running continually back, and think they have the Authority of a Demonstration for this Opinion, from a vulgar Experiment 'they make by letting sall an Anchor, and veering but two or three Cables; and, albeit, the Anchor came not near the Bottom; yet they found that the Ship's Way or Morion, became by this means very much retarded, which was evident by their now stemming the Current, which before carried them along with it. This Experiment at first View, one would think, 01 ghc to yield Reason plausible enough to back the Opinion of a counter Current; but an eafie Demonstration will detect the Fallacy, and plainly evince how tamely Mankind kind will be carried to the Belief of Impossibilities , [than which in Nature there is scarce a greater,] rather than seem unfurnished with a Reason. But I must first premise, for the better obviating my Demonstration , that I do not discourse of over Falls or Precipices where the Water is hurried and cast doWn by the extraordinary Declivity of the Channel that conveys it, but of a level even Bottom at least, luch as by the great depth of Water it contains, cannot be thought t© have the least influence upon the Superficies, as may he instanced in the Thames, and many othetf K ivers, whete the Tydes by ebbing and flowing indifferently, plainly demonstrate, that the Water receives not the least Motion in its Course backward and forward^ but from the Declivity of its own proper Sursace; and, albeit, the Bottom happen to be in some places High, in others Low^ and generally Irregular, yet it is visible, that in deep Rivers the Sursace conceals these Unevennesles by a smooth Gliding up and down, With* out manfesting the least Disturbance.