America's First Olympics: The St. Louis Games of 1904
University of Missouri Press, 2005. 7. 22. - 256페이지
America in 1904 was a nation bristling with energy and confidence. Inspired by Theodore Roosevelt, the nation’s young, spirited, and athletic president, a sports mania rampaged across the country. Eager to celebrate its history, and to display its athletic potential, the United States hosted the world at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. One part of the World’s Fair was the nation’s first Olympic games. Revived in Greece in 1896, the Olympic movement was also young and energetic. In fact, the St. Louis Olympics were only the third in modern times. Although the games were originally awarded to Chicago, St. Louis wrestled them from her rival city against the wishes of International Olympic Committee President Pierre de Coubertin. Athletes came from eleven countries and four continents to compete in state-of-the-art facilities, which included a ten-thousand-seat stadium with gymnasium equipment donated by sporting goods magnate Albert Spalding. The 1904 St. Louis Olympics garnered only praise, and all agreed that the games were a success, improving both the profile of the Olympic movement and the prestige of the United States. But within a few years, the games of 1904 receded in memory. They suffered a worse fate with the publication of Coubertin’s memoirs in 1931. His selective recollections, exaggerated claims, and false statements turned the forgotten Olympics into the failed Olympics. This prejudiced account was furthered by the 1948 publication of An Approved History of the Olympic Games by Bill Henry, which was reviewed and endorsed by Coubertin. America’s First Olympics, by George R. Matthews, corrects common misconceptions that began with Coubertin’s memoirs and presents a fresh view of the 1904 games, which featured first-time African American Olympians, an eccentric and controversial marathon, and documentation by pioneering photojournalist Jessie Tarbox Beals. Matthews provides an excellent overview of the St. Louis Olympics over a six-month period, beginning with the intrigue surrounding the transfer of the games from Chicago. He also gives detailed descriptions of the major players in the Olympic movement, the events that were held in 1904, and the athletes who competed in them. This original account will be welcomed by history and sports enthusiasts who are interested in a new perspective on this misunderstood event.
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1904 Olympic Games Amateur Athletic Union American Athens August awarded Baron Boston Archers Brookes championship Charles Chicago Athletic Association Chicago Athletic Club Chicago Olympic competed competition complete page image Congress contests Country Club David Francis feet finish French George Germany gold medal Golf Association Greater New York Greece Greek Olympic gymnastic Harper held Hicks host the Olympic I.O.C. Archives Ibid inches International Olympic Committee James Lightbody James Sullivan Lausanne letter to Coubertin Louis Olympics Louis Post-Dispatch Louisiana Purchase Exposition marathon Milwaukee Athletic Club modern Olympic National Olympics November officials Olym Olympian Games Olympic movement Paris Physical Culture Pierre de Coubertin Potomac Archers president printed version Roosevelt runners September Skiff Soutsos Spalding stadium tion track and field Turnverein USA Chicago Athletic USA New York USA USA USA view the complete Wenlock Olympics William winner World’s Fair York Athletic Club York Irish Athletic Zappas
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