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A Monthly Magazine devoted to the Promotion of True
Culture Organ of the Chautauqua Literary
and Scientific Circle.
From October, 1881, to July, 1882.
THEODORE L. FLOOD, D. D., Editor.
PRINTED ON THE CHAUTAUQUA PRESS,
COPYRIGHTED BY THEODORE L. FLOOD, IN THE OFFICE OF THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON, D. C.,
INDEX TO VOLUME II.
CHAUTAUQUA CHILDREN'S CLASS OF
CHAUTAUQUA NORMAL CLASS. Grad-
CHRISTIAN CITIZEN, The. By Hon.
395, 461, 527, 568.
CHRISTIAN JOURNALISM. By Rev. Sim-
180, 227, 433, 489, 550.
COME UP AND BE DEAD. Poem. By
CONVERSATIONS OF GOETHE AND ECK-
DECEMBER AND JUNE. Poem. By "B."
EDITOR'S NOTE BOOK. 60, 125, 185, 244,
IN THE VALLEY. Poem. By Metta S.
JESUS CHRIST IN CHRONOLOGY. By
KING'S DAUGHTER, The. By A. H. Bur-
LAVENGRO-A Dream or Drama; a
LEISURE HOURS. From the Spectator.
LINES BY THE LATE DEAN OF WEST-
LOCAL CIRCLES. By A. M. Martin,
MAN WITH THE DRUMMER BOY, The.
MEMORIAL DAYS. 177, 435, 492.
Mrs. M. H. Field. 52.
MY LOST YOUTH. Poem. By Henry W.
NEVER, FOREVER. A Tribute to Long-
NIGHT AND MORNING. Poem. By Sarah
OIL EXCHANGE OF AMERICA. By Major
ON A ROCK BOUND COAST. A Poem.
"The Art of Speech," Vol. II, Stud-
PERSECUTION OF THE JEWS. By Canon
PREPARATORY CLASS C. L. S. C. 55.
RELIGIOUS ODDITIES IN INDIA. By
Rev. W. F. Oldham. 164.
SACREDNESS OF THE SECULAR CALL-
SIMILE, A. Poem. By Matthew Prior.
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO THE PROMOTION OF TRUE CULTURE. ORGAN OF THE CHAUTAUQUA LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC CIRCLE.
Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle. glimmer into warmth; Athens ascending into daylight,
and Egypt sinking into shadow; learning setting over Greece to rise upon Italy; and dying at Rome to be rekindled at Bagdad: these are visions to dazzle the eyes, and people the fancy of a poet.*
President, J. H. Vincent, D. D., Plainfield, N. J.
The cavernous unsounded East
Outpours an evil tide,
THE CHARMS OF HISTORY.-History presents the pleasantest features of poetry and fiction; the majesty of the epic; the moving accidents of the drama; the surprises and moral of the romance. Wallace is a ruder Hector; Robinson Crusoe is not stranger than Croesus; the knights of Ashby never burnish the page of Scott with richer lights of lance and armor, than the Carthaginians, winding down the Alps, cast upon Livy. Froissart's hero has all the minute painting of Richardson's. The poetic element is the life-blood of the narrative. The gazette glows into the drama; the pen-and-ink scrawl into the portrait.*
THREE PHASES OF HISTORY.-History may be considered in three lights-a pleasurable, an educational, and a moral: (1) As it entertains the fancy; (2) opens new sources of instruction; (3) and cherishes, or enlarges the feelings of virtue. In the first light, its poetical relationship is clearly marked. Imagination creates no grander episodes than the rise and fall of empires. To watch the first smiles and motions of national life in its cradle; to trace its growth, the maturity, and the decline of kingdoms; to observe one side of the world brightening in the sun of civilization, while the other is vapory and cold; to see, in the course of years, the flourishing region become dim, and the dark country
*Willmott's "Pleasures of Literature,"
History is to be regarded in an educational light, as it opens new sources of information. A scholar may be six thousand years old, and have learned brick-making under Pharaoh. Never lived such a citizen of the world; he was Assyrian at Babylon, Lacedæmonian at Sparta, Roman at Rome, Egyptian at Alexandria. He has been by turns a traveller, a merchant, a man of letters, and a commanderin-chief; presented at every court, he knew Daniel, and sauntered through the picture-gallery of Richelieu. Dryden called history a perspective glass, carrying the mind to a vast distance, and taking in the remotest objects of antiquity.
How many battles by sea and land the student has witnessed! He clambered with the Greeks along the rocky shore of Pylus; he heard the roar of falling houses when the Turks stormed Rhodes; three times he was beaten back with Condé by that terrible Spanish infantry, which tossed off the French fire like foam from a cliff; he recognized Dante in the struggle of Campaldino; stood by the side of Cervantes when an arquebus carried away his left hand; and stooped with a misty lantern over the bleeding body of Moore.
A cultivated reader of history is domesticated in all famiThe lies; he dines with Pericles, and sups with Titian. Athenian fish-bell often invites him to the market to cheapen a noisy poulterer, or exchange compliments with a bakeress of inordinate fluency. A monk illuminating a missal, and Caxton pulling his first proof, are among the pleasant entries of his diary. He still stops his ears to the bellowing of Cleon; and remembers, as of yesterday, the rhetorical frown of the old tapestry, and the scarlet drapery of Pitt.
To study history is to study literature. The biography of a nation embraces all its works. No trifle is to be neglected. A mouldering medal is a letter of twenty centuries. Antiquities, which have been beautifully called history defaced, compose its fullest commentary. In these wrecks of many storms, which time washes to the shore, the scholar looks patiently for treasure. The painting round a vase, the scribble on a wall, the wrath of a demagogue, the drollery of a farce, the point of an epigram-each possesses its own interest and value. A fossil court of law is dug out of an
orator; and the Pompeii of Greece is discovered in the comedies of Aristophanes.*
The third aspect of history is the moral, as it cherishes the feelings of virtue, and enlarges their action. Southey felt confident that Clarendon, put into his youthful hands, would have preserved him from the political follies which he lived to regret and outgrow. Guicciardini, also, has
*Willmott's "Pleasures of Literature,"